BLACK, Niel 26 August 1804 - 22 May 1880 at Mount Noorat, Vic.
State Library of Victoria, IAN05/06/80/84
Occupation Pastoralist residing at Kongrong. Mt. Noorat and Warreanga
Obituary. HON. NEIL BLACK, M.L.C. This gentleman died, aged 76 years, at Mount Noorat, on Saturday last, after a severe illness. From Heaton's "Australian Dictionary of Dates," we learn that the Hon. Neil Black was born at Cowal, Argyleshire, and when 33 years of age emigrated to Australia, when three gentlemen, among whom was Mr. W. E. Gladstone, the present Premier of England, entrusted him with the management of joint funds, some £8000, together with the selection of the territory, for the purposes of a station. In 1839 he arrived at Adelaide in the Ariadne, but finding that the price of land in South Australia was, through the operations of the brokers, exceedingly dear, he visited Victoria, then Port Phillip. Here he found the terms upon which land could be acquired were equally unreasonable, and he proceeded to New South Wales, but the country not commending itself to his liking, he returned to Port Phillip and established a station near Glenormiston. The venture was very successful, and, procuring an additional £4000 from his partners, he purchased the sister station from the late Mr. Claude Farie, and that also proved to be a highly advantageous speculation. In 1843 he visited Scotland, obtained a renewal of the partnership for five years, and also interviewed the late Earl of Derby, and urged the claims of the squatters to leases. He returned in 1845 and afterwards took up additional land at Warreyena, on the South Australian border, and subsequently revisited Scotland. While there he married Miss Grace Greenshiels Leadbetter, and returned with her to Victoria after an absence of two years. Shortly afterwards he was elected to a seat in the Legislative Council for the Western Province, which he retained till his death. The partnership with the English gentlemen was dissolved in 1868. As one stroke of good fortune with which the deceased gentleman was favoured, it may be mentioned that in the early days of the goldfields he sold 3000 head of cattle for £13 each, which had cost him the insignificant outlay of 11s 6d per head. The herd of Mount Noorat always enjoyed the very highest reputation, especial care being bestowed upon its breeding.
Australian Town and Country Journal (Sydney, NSW: 1870-1907) Sat 29 May 1880 page 13
Niel Black (1804-1880), pioneer pastoralist and politician, was born on 26 August 1804 at Kilbridemore in the Cowal district, Argyllshire, Scotland, the second son of Archibald Black, farmer, and his wife Janet, née Macchananaich (Buchanan). His father, a tenant of the Duke of Argyll, was killed by a fall from his horse in 1808. Niel's native language was Gaelic but he early became fluent in English. In youth and early manhood he gained a thorough knowledge of practical farming in Argyll. In his early thirties he went into partnership with William Steuart of Glenormiston, Peeblesshire, Alexander Struthers Finlay of Castle Toward, Argyllshire, and Thomas Steuart Gladstone, first cousin of the future prime minister and member of the Liverpool firm of Gladstone, Serjeantson & Co. To the partnership of Niel Black & Co. its nominal head initially contributed little capital but much ability and practical experience. The firm's object was investment in Australian pastoral ventures and in 1839 Black sailed in the Ariadne. In July he reached Adelaide and in turn investigated pastoral prospects there, in Melbourne and in Sydney. Preferring Port Phillip, in part because he thought it 'a Scotch settlement', he bought in 1840, in the Western District near Lake Terang, the stock and rights to a 43,520-acre (17,612 ha) run which he renamed Glenormiston. In 1843 Black returned briefly to Scotland to report progress and renew the partnership. In 1844 he bought the near-by run known as The Sisters, and many other extensive Western District properties were acquired by the partnership and held for various periods in the following decades. In the 1850s he visited Scotland again, remaining for five years until he had found a bride, Grace Greenshields Leadbetter, barely in her twenties, accomplished and attractive. They were married in 1857. Under the free selection legislation of the 1860s Black managed to acquire a freehold title to enough land to secure effective possession of the firm's major stations. In 1867 during the first royal visit to Australia Prince Alfred went to Glenormiston where, Black wrote to Gladstone, he had 'the verandah covered in [to make] the place complete for a large corrobery'. In 1868 and 1869 the partnership was dissolved, distribution of the land being by lot. Gladstone drew The Sisters, Finlay the northern portion of the Glenormiston run and Black the southern which he named Mount Noorat. He was bitterly disappointed at having lost to the Finlays his old homestead and what he regarded as the best part of the station. Melbourne Club gossip and quite unsubstantiated rumours of double dealing added to the bad feeling between the erstwhile partners and their families. Niel Black was one of the most successful stock breeders of his time, establishing pedigreed Cotswold and merino flocks and founding a Shorthorn stud at Mount Noorat said by some contemporaries to be 'the finest in the southern hemisphere'. Elected on 19 February 1859 a member for the Western Province to the Victorian Legislative Council, he held the seat continuously until his death. He attended sessions conscientiously but spoke rarely, being a member of what a contemporary called 'the extreme section of the “No Surrender” party in that body'. Shrewd, righteous, proud, hard working and thrifty, he was typical of many successful Scottish immigrants of the time. Generous to those he thought deserving, he never ceased to denounce sloth and shiftlessness in others. He believed that what he saw as the headlong progress of democracy would finally lead to anarchy and communism. He contributed generously but unostentatiously to the relief of distress and to the Presbyterian Church in his district. His wife bore him three sons, Archibald John, Steuart Gladstone and Niel Walter. He died in his home at Mount Noorat on 15 May 1880, leaving an estate of £179,208.
Australian Dictionary of Biography http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/black-niel-3003
BLYTH, William, Sarah WILKINS, William Wilkins, Howard, Arthur, Neville
BLYTH, William 31 March 1788 - 17 June 1855 in Nottinghill Square, London, England
State Library of South Australia B 22103/2
Original Member of the Adelaide Book Society in 1844 Departed South Australian for England in 1855 On the 17th June last, at Notting Hill-square, London, William Blyth, Esq., formerly of this province, in the 68th year of his age.
Adelaide Times, 5 Oct 1855, page 2
BLYTH, Sarah nee WILKINS 1784 - 05 November 1861 in Edinburgh, Scotland
BLYTH, William Wilkins 02 November 1819 - 25 July 1895 at North Adelaide, SA
Buried North Road Cemetery Occupation of Council Employee and resided at North Adelaide and Mitcham
SUDDEN DEATH OF MR. W. W. BLYTH.-- An old and valued servant of the City Corporation died suddenly on Thursday afternoon in the person of Mr. W. W. Blyth, who had been Clerk of Works for just over twenty years. Mr. Blyth was in Freeman Street on his way home, when he fell down in a fit. Mr. Commissioner Russell who happened to be near the spot, called a cab and Mr. Blyth was sent home. When he arrived there he thanked those who had accompanied him, and a few minutes afterwards expired. The deceased gentleman, who was in his seventy-sixth year, was the second son of the late Mr. William Blyth, a pioneer colonist, was born in England, came out with his father in the Ariadne in 1839, and with his brother (the late Sir Arthur Blyth, K.C.M.G., who for many years took a prominent place in politics in South Australia, and subsequently for many years acted as Agent-General for the colony) was associated with Mr. Blyth, sen., in an ironmongery business. Subsequently he entered into the wholesale coal and iron trade in premises situated on North-terrace. For many years he resided at Mitcham, where he was greatly respected. On giving up business he took a position as Clerk of Works under the Adelaide Corporation, a post which he filled with satisfaction to the municipal authorities and credit to himself. In fact, it may be said that he died in harness. Mr. Blyth was well known and highly esteemed in commercial circles while he was in trade. As an officer of the City Corporation he was highly esteemed as a keen, shrewd, and painstaking officer. He was exceedingly active in his duties, always courteous and attentive; his knowledge was extensive, and his tact most noticeable. In him the Corporation had an energetic and zealous officer. Sir Henry Ayers, who knew the whole Blyth family well from the early days here, speaks of the deceased as a man of great integrity and industry, one whom he had always regarded as a good typical colonist, conscientious and just in all his dealings, and he characteristically remarked last night when referred to on the subject of Mr. Blyth's career—" It is a pity that there are not many more men like him; he was straight, fair, and earnest—a man always to be relied upon."
Evening Journal Friday 26 July 1895 page 4
BLYTH, Howard 27 March 1821 - 01 July 1897 at Churchhill Morningside, Edinburgh, Scotland Occupation of Farmer and Councillor residing at Dry Creek Returned to England and came to Australia again in 1847 aboard 'Kallibokka'
Mr Howard Blyth, of Ladywood, Dry Creek, is appointed a Justice of the Peace for the Province.
Adelaide Times, Sat 19 November 1856, page 4 Deaths BLYTH.-On the 1st July, at 14, Churchhill Morningside, Edinburgh, Scotland, Howard Blyth, some time of Ladywood, South Australia, in his 77th year.
South Australian Register, Friday 13 Aug 1897 page 4
Death of Mr. Howard Blyth.—News received by the last English mail conveyed the intelligence of tho death of Mr. Howard Blyth, a brother of the late Sir Arthur Blyth. He was the second son and the only surviving member of the family. Latterly he had been residing at Morningside, near Edinburgh. In tho early days of the colony he was engaged in business pursuits with his brothers, and also conducted farming operations near Dry Creek. A widow, two sons, and one daughter survive him.
Adelaide Observer Saturday 07 August 1897 page 13
BLYTH, Arthur (Sir) 1823 - 07 December 1891 at Eastbourne, Sussex, UK
SIR ARTHUR BLYTH. Still Unwell. LONDON, May 10. Sir Arthur Blyth, Agent-General for South Australia, is still indisposed.
The Advertiser, Thur 21 May 1891 page 5
SIR ARTHUR BLYTH. His Condition Unchanged. London, December 3. There is no change in the condition of Sir Arthur Blyth, who is lying seriously ill at Eastbourne, Sussex.
South Australian Chronicle, Sat 5 December 1891 page 21
DEATH OF SIR ARTHUR BLYTH. LONDON, December 7. Sir Arthur Blyth, K.C.M.G., Agent-General for South Australia, died this afternoon at 12:15, aged 68. Sir Arthur Blyth was born at Birmingham in 1823 and received his education at King Edward VI. Grammar School under Dr. Jenne (late Bishop of Peterborough) and Dr. J. P. Lee (late Bishop of Manchester). He arrived in South Australia by the Ariadne in 1839 with his parents and settled in Adelaide, where his father was appointed a justice of the peace for the province, elected a city councillor in 1840, and afterwards one of the city commissioners. He was actively engaged in trade pursuits up to 1865, and took an active interest in public affairs. He was for some time, a member of the District Council of Mitcham, and afterwards chairman and a member of the Central Road Board. In 1854-5 he was captain of volunteers in the force formed during, the Crimean war he was appointed returning-officer for the electoral district of East Torrens in 1857 and was an active and assiduous member of the Chamber of Commerce. Elected in 1855 a member for the district of Yatala he was one of the framers of the Constitution of the Province. Sir Arthur Blyth sat in the first Parliament under Constitutional Government, being elected on March 9, 1857, as member for Gumeracha in conjunction with Mr, Alexander Hay. In the next Parliament the same two gentlemen continued to hold the confidence of the district, but on December 31, 1861, Mr. Hay resigned and Mr. A. B. Murray took his place. In June 1867 Mr. Hay came back again on the retirement of Mr. Murray. Sir Arthur was absent from the fifth Parliament, but on March 28, 1870, he was again returned for Gumeracha, having for his colleague Mr. Ebenezer Ward, with whom he sat until January 14, 1875, while in the same year, he became the first member for the newly-formed constituency of North-Adelaide. He continued in this seat till his appointment to the Agent-Generalship on February 21, 1876, when he was succeeded by his late brother, Mr. Neville Blyth. During 1869 he paid a visit to England, returning in 1870 to the colony and his Parliamentary duties. He was a prominent politician, and held at different periods the offices of Chief Secretary, Treasurer, Commissioner of Public Works, and Commissioner of Crown Lands, and was at all times a staunch supporter of the principles of the Real Property Act, and one of the original counsellors of Sir R. R. Torrens when that measure was introduced. He was a director of the National Bank and of the South Australian Company, one of the council of the University, a member of the Synod of the Church of England, and a governor of St. Peter's Collegiate School. He was appointed Agent-General on the death of Mr. F. S. Dutton in February, 1877, and in that position he has done much to advance the interests of South Australia. He received the honor of knighthood from her Majesty in 1878; and he was further distinguished by the Companionship of the Bath in recognition of the services he rendered in connection with the Indian and Colonial Exhibition. He was also presented with the freedom of the Salters Company, one of the oldest of the guilds of the city of London. Sir Arthur, represented South Australia, in conjunction with Sir John Downer, at the Imperial Conference held in London in 1887. While free and assisted immigration were in force he had the task of selecting suitable emigrants for settlement in this colony, but his most important functions during the past 10 years have been in connection with the floating of South Australian loans on the London market, a work which required much judgment, foresight, and diplomacy. Another side of his activity has been to receive and extend social customs to South Australians visiting England and to represent the colony at social and official gatherings. From the length of time which he has held office Sir Arthur was the doyen of the Agents-General, and the benefit of his experience has always been at the service of his brother ambassadors from Australasia. For some years past he has been a sufferer from gout and other allied complaints, and has recently been seeking to regain health at the seaside resort of Eastbourne, leave of absence having been granted him for the purpose. A few days ago the Premier announced that Sir Arthur Blyth, owing to failing health, did not intend to resume office at the conclusion of his leave and that his position would be offered to Sir John Bray, the present Chief Secretary.
The Express and Telegraph, 8 December 1891, page 2
SIR ARTHUR BLYTH. London, December 9. The remains of Sir Arthur Blyth were interred in Ocklynge Cemetery, Eastbourne, to-day. There were a dozen persons present, chiefly members of the family, the funeral being a private one. Among those who attended were Mr. Deering (the Assistant Agent-General) and Mr. Oswald. Canon Whelpton officiated. The Agents-General of Victoria and Tasmania sent wreaths.
Evening Journal (second Edition), Thursday 10 December 1891, page 3
BLYTH, Neville 01 March 1825 - 15 February 1890 in Sutton, Surrey, England
Occupation of Ironmonger, Merchant and Politician Resided at North Adelaide and Hazelwood Park Returned to England 1879
MR. NEVILLE BLYTH SERIOUSLY ILL. London, February 13. Mr. Neville Blyth, formerly of South Australia, is seriously indisposed.
South Australian Chronicle, Saturday 15 February 1890, page 21
THE LATE MR. NEVILLE BLYTH.
A cablegram from England conveys the sad news of the death of Mr. Neville Blyth, one of South Australia's early and honoured colonists, and a younger brother of her Agent General. After a residence in the colony of nearly forty years, Mr. Blyth was compelled through continued ill-health to return to England. He there lived in retirement for about eleven years, having a predisposition to fatty degeneration of the heart. A few weeks ago be was in apparently good health, but during the last few days serious change set in, and he expired on Saturday, February 15. Mr. Neville Blyth was born in a suburb of Birmingham in March, 1825. He was educated in the King Edward's Grammar School of that town under the late Rev. Dr. Lee, afterwards first Bishop of Manchester, and in 1839, when fourteen years of age, he came out to South Australia with his parents in the ship Ariadne, and settled in Adelaide, where his father was appointed a Justice of the Peace for the province, and was elected a Councillor of the City Corporation in 1840, and afterwards one of the City Commissioners. Early in the forties Neville joined his brother Arthur in the business of an ironmonger in Hindley-street, and the two were actively engaged in trade pursuits up to 1865. At his father's death Mr. Neville Blyth was sole executor of his estate and it is noteworthy, as indicating the lofty purposes that actuated his life that he arranged with his brothers that some former creditors of his father's in an insolvency that befell him in England should be fully recouped their losses. He was elected a member of the House of Assembly for East Torrens at the general election in March, 1860, as colleague of the late Hon. H. Mildred, and he continued to represent that district during three Parliaments until July, 1867, when he resigned, and was succeeded by Mr. Daniel Fisher. In April, 1868, he was elected to the fifth Parliament as member of the Assembly for the District of Encounter Bay, with the late Mr. W. Everard as his colleague. During that year the first step was taken, under the Government of the Hon. H. B. T. Strangways, in what is generally known as land reform, and in the debates on the subject Mr. Blyth took a part. He held a portfolio from September 24 to October 13, 1868, as Treasurer in the Government formed by the late Captain J. Hart during the crisis that preceded the formation of Mr. Strangways' Government. Having represented Encounter Bay until the end of the fifth Parliament he was chosen by the District of Victoria to succeed Mr. W. Paltridge, who resigned, as the colleague of Mr. Park Laurie. At the dissolution of Parliament in 1871 Mr. Blyth failed to get returned by the District of Encounter Bay, and decided to leave the arena of active politics for a time. During 1873 4 5 he visited England and the Continent of Europe. In March, 1877, he was elected member for North Adelaide to fill the vacancy caused by the acceptance of the office of Agent General by his brother, now Sir Arthur Blyth. In the last Boucaut Ministry, which held office from Ootober 26. 1877, till September 27, 1878, Mr. Blyth held office as Minister of Education, and had as his colleagues the Hon. J. P. Boucaut, the late Sir W. Morgan, the late Hon. Charles Mann, and the Hons. G. C. Hawker and T. Playford. Strange to Bay, all the members of the Hart Ministry with which he was identified in 1868— Messrs. J. Hart, J. T. Bagot, W. Townsend, W. Everard, and N. Blyth— are now dead. The late gentleman was in a very real sense a worthy colonist. As a politician his conduct was always upright and open. He was a good speaker and an original thinker, and he was ever intensely earnest in giving expression to his views. A communicant of the Anglican Church, he was what may be called a Liberal, and a strong opponent to anything flavouring of State aid to religion. He took a warm interest in philanthropic institutions and in movements that tended to improve the condition of the working classes. For some time he was one of the trustees of the Savings Bank, also held a position on the Directorate of the Bank of South Australia. He will be remembered, too, as captain of No. 4 Company of the West Adelaide Rifles until the disbandment of the original Volunteer Force in 1867. Mr. Blyth was married In England to Miss Barnes, of Manchester, and his widow survives him, but there was no issue to the marriage. After sitting in the Assembly for two sessions as member for North Adelaide, Mr. Blyth was obliged, owing to ill-health, to retire, and acting on medical advice he went to England, where he has remained ever since. Of late years he lived at Sutton, in Surrey, on the income accruing from considerable property in South Australia. He leaves three brothers— Sir Arthur, who is two years older ; Mr. W. W. Blyth, of Gover-street, North Adelaide, who is more than five years his senior ; and Mr. Howard Blyth, of Edinburgh, Scotland.
South Australian Register, Monday 17 February, 1890, page 5
THE LATE MR. NEVILLE BLYTH. LONDON, February 18. The remains of Mr. Neville Blyth, formerly of South Australia, will be interred this afternoon at Sutton, in Surrey, where for some years past he had resided.
The Advertiser, Wednesday 19 February 1890
CARMICHAEL, Dugald, Margaret MCPHERSON, Archibald, Hugh
Resided Pirie Street in 1841 Occupation of Labourer
CARMICHAEL, Margaret nee McPHERSON
COLVILLE, John, Margaret ARTHUR
COLVILLE, John Died 12 April 1859 at Willunga, SA
John and Matthew Colville, Rivoli Bay District in 1846 Buried Willunga St. Stephens Cemetery
On April 12th, at Willunga, John Colville, Esq., J.P.
The South Australian Advertiser Friday 15 April 1859 page 2
COLVILLE, Margaret nee ARTHUR Died 30 November 1893 at Kent Town, SA
Buried Willunga St. Stephens Cemetery COLVILLE.-- On the 30th November, at her residence, Kent-terrace, Kent Town, Margaret, relict of the late JohnColville, Moy, Willunga, aged 76 years.
South Australian Register Friday 01 December 1893 page 4
COLVILLE, Matthew Died 27 July 1858 at Willunga, SA
John and Matthew Colville, Rivoli Bay District in 1846
DIED. On the 27th July, at Willunga, of apoplexy, Mr. MatthewColville, aged 41 years.
Adelaide Observer Saturday 31 July 1858 page 1
FRAME, John, Agnes TODD, Ann(ie), Janet, John
FRAME, John 28 April 1799 - 08 July 1885 at Mount Barker, SA
Occupation of Agriculturalist residing at Unley and Mount Barker
MR. JOHNFRAME'S FARM. If a history of the Agriculture of South Australia is ever written Mr. Frame's name will occupy a prominent position. He may, indeed, be termed the father of South Australian agriculture. He was one of the first who foresaw that buying and selling town allotments could end in nothing but ruin, and that the only real basis of prosperity for any country was to produce its own food in the first place. He began farming in the neighbourhood of Adelaide, but before long, in conjunction with Mr. Bell, he settled on the bald hills of Mount Barker, and nearly the whole of the prize samples from that time to this have been grown on the identical section which he first located or within two miles of it. Some years since Mr. Frame gave up his share of the farm to Mr. Bell, and purchased his present farm, a portion of the Mount itself which gives the nomenclature to the whole of the neighbouring district. His farm consists of about 100 acres of land of medium quality being on the hillside there is scarcely a level' piece in the whole lot, and it is therefore not at all adapted for the use of machinery. About Vt) acres are in cultivation: the remainder is in grass, some in its natural state, and some sown with perennial grass. Mr. Frame devotes his attention to the production of seed wheats and his reputation for supplying it pure is such that he frequently gets orders from distant parts of the colony, and even from the adjacent colonies for seed wheat, from persons he has never seen, and who know him only by reputation. The first kind of wheat which he brought out was the Early Frame. The origin of this kind was one plant grown in Dr. Kelly s garden, Morphett Vale. Mr. Frame got hold of it by accident, and liking its appearance very much, he kept on growing it until he had raised a large quantity of it. A number of prizes have been awarded to this variety, and it is still cultivated all over the province, some farmers preferring it to any other kind. It is very tough to thrash, but stands well for their machine, is very hardy, and not so liable to be injured by hot winds as some more tender varieties. The bearded wheat was next in repute as a prize wheat. Mr. Frame culled this out of some wheat imported by the South Australian Company from the Cape of Good Hope, it is not much liked, and has gone almost entirely out of cultivation. The Nongreil was picked out of the bearded wheat. Mr. Frame believes it to be a cross between the bearded wheat and the red straw. It has a sort of dwarf beard about half the length of the former, and a red straw like the latter; it is also similar to the red straw in growing a heavier ear than the straw will support in heavy weather. It should therefore always be reaped early in the season, almost before it is ripe. It is still a favourite or Mr. Frame's: but its cultivation is not at all on the increase. It obtained the premium at the Adelaide Shows for years, until it had to give place to the Tuscan. The Tuscan is the heaviest kind of wheat yet grown in tins colony— I think I may say in the world--68lbs. 12ozs. being the highest weight obtained here as yet. It is true the Victorians have set forth their prize wheat this year as weighing over 69lbs: but as the wheat (Mr. Frame's purple straw) which obtained the second prize in Adelaide last year also obtained the first prize in Melbourne, and as they made it weigh more than 1lb. per bushel over and above what we did, I can only conclude that their measure is imperfect. Our.bushel there can be no doubt about, as it was imported from England for the express purpose of having a perfect measure, and being made of brass or copper sufficiently thick to resist pressure in any direction it cannot alter. I therefore still claim the palm for the Adelaide Tuscan wheat. Mr. Frame obtained the Tuscan in this way. Some wheat or seed was sent from Italy to Scotland, and a little of the produce was shipped from Scotland to Mr. Clezy, of Nairne, who distributed it amongst the farmers of the neighbourhood. Mr. Frame amongst the rest. He found it to be a mixture of different kinds, but liking the appearance of a portion, he picked every head of that kind he could find, and planted it the following year, and so raised the variety from that stock. Mr. Frame must have picked a few ears of the wring kind, as the Tuscan always has been, and is still, more or less mixed with one or two other varieties. It is strange that no one has set about selecting a few genuine ears and raising a pure stock. Mr. Frame is now bringing out a new kind, which he terms Algerian wheat. When the Hon. E. Stirling returned from a. visit to England and the Continent of Europe he brought out with him several different kinds of wheat, amongst others a bearded wheat from Algeria of a very course flinty nature; but Mr. Frame found whilst it was growing that there was. a small portion of it of a different character from the remainder, the flour from it being much softer, and the beards or awns dropping off before it got ripe, it being, in fact a sort of cross between the very coarse bearded wheat and the common soft wheats. It will never be a prize wheat nor a very fine miller's wheat: but the produce per acre is extraordinary. Mr. Frame had 19 rods of it, which this year produced at the rate of 39 bushels per acre , whereas on land of equal quality, and with similar treatment in every respect, he only got 15 bushels per acre from the - ordinary kinds. Mr. Frame is constantly experimenting with new varieties, the greater portion of which turn out worthless, and only a very few are ff any service. This year he has rejected the Melbourne prize wheat of two years since and Major Quentin's far-famed 'Giant Wheat,' the seed of which he obtained from Mr. Cave. Both these kinds come too late to maturity. Our seasons are a short that it is only the very early and quick growing sorts which thrive best. He is not very sanguine about his ' Purple Straw,' but will give it one more chance before final rejection. He finds that a constant change of varieties is necessary, that 'every dog has his day' and that a kind of wheat, after being superior perhaps to all others for two or three years, degenerates, and its place has to be supplied by some otlher. ' Goldsmith's' appears to hi most - in repute at the present time, but Mr. Frame contends that it is identical with the ' Early Frame' —the first variety mentioned in this article. Some of your readers will, perhaps set him right, if his opinion on this point, is incorrect. Mr. Frame's business being to grow seed wheat, he has to be particularly careful that none of it gets bruised in thrashing. His thrashing-machine is constructed on a different principle from any other I have seen. It is what is called a peg-machine. The front part of the concave has a number of raised knobs of cast-iron, and the beaters instead of being a square or flat piece of iron or wood, faced with iron, consist of a lot of iron pins, so that the wheat, in passing through the machine, instead of being ground, as it were, between the two surface working parallel and very near each other, is whipped by a number of projections which thrash on the side as well as on the face. It leaves scarcely any broken grains. The thrashing part of the machine is erected in the barn, and a shaft through the wall connects it with the horse-work outside. The horse gear is very strong, and the principle of the first wheel different from most others, the teeth being uppermost instead of underneath, and the wheel requiring no friction roller to keep it in its proper horizontal position. The machine was brought from Scotland by Mr. Daniel Ferguson. Mr. Frame cuts the whole of his corn with sickles; it is carted ta the stackyard near the barn. When thrashed, the straw is stacked and given to cattle; the manure is taken care of and carted on to the land. Mr. Frame has been laughed at for asserting that cattle would eat the straw from the Tuscan wheat in preference to any other, and that it was almost equal to hay. I have previously known that his statement was correct, out it was thoroughly confirmed during my present visit; the straw stack being built close to the fence the cattle were enabled to eat one side of it. The Tuscan straw was at the bottom of the stack, and the remainder above it, but put out of the reach of cattle. They have eaten the Tuscan straw as far in as they can reach for the fence, and have left the other quite untouched. The whole of Mr. Frame's farm is set out in rod lands, and to keep them in proper shape they are ploughed four at a time, and retained in the same shape as they were formed when first broken up. The cultivated land is divided into paddocks of 30 or 40 acres each. A considerable portion of the fencing consists of stone walls, which answer the double purpose of clearing the land of stones, and of forming a durable fence, not liable to be destroyed by fire. The walls have been built, every expense calculate*!, except carting the stones, at 3s.6dl. per rod in some instances, and in others at 4s. per rod Where post-and-rail fences have been made, green fences of prickly acacia and gorse or furze have been planted The acacia has only partially succeeded ; the furze has thriven very well, but, unless great attention is paid in rooting up the young plants, the fences will spread to an indefinite extent, until, in the course of time, they cover acres of the adjacent land. A small paddock has bean planted with the best of all live fences whitethorn quicks. Where the cattle have been prevented from reaching them, when young, they have made an admirable fence; but they are stunted where cattle have had access to them. Eyegrass succeeds very well for a couple of years, after which time it gets thin, and is displaced by the native silver-grass. It is of great service in the beginning of the winter, there being a good bite of it before the native grass has hardly made a start. The fruit is so plentiful that the pigs are being fed on nectarines. The apples are lying about under the trees as though of no value. Surely these might be turned to some account. The apples could be made into cider, which would most probably command a good price for some time, or they, as well as nectarines, peaches &c, might be dried and exported. At all events they might command the home market to the exclusion of those imported from America. Labour cannot be so very much dearer here than in America as to prevent our competing with it in our own market. I tasted some jelly made from green apples which were blown from the trees by the high winds during the rough weather in January last. It was quite a novelty to me, but was very delicious and the flavour superb. Mr. Frame has built himself a commodious house, a capital stone barn roofed with Willunga slate, and there are plenty of sheds for horses, &c His vineyard is not a large one, but is in full bearing; and his wine is so well appreciated by visitors and friends, and Mr. Frame is so hospitably inclined, that he has not been able to sell a single gallon or to keep it sufficiently long to test its goodness for more than a couple of years after being made. His young wines are very creditable productions. Mr. Frame is growing small plots of Californian prairie-grass, cockfoot-grass, broad clover, white Dutch, clover, Italian ryegrass, plantain or ribgrass, and some others. He likes the prairie-grass so well that he has sown all the seed lie could obtain on his pastures.
South Australian Register Saturday 26 April 1862 page 6
Death of Mr. John Frame - The Mount Barker Courier thus writes concerning an old and respected colonist: — "One of the pioneers of this district has passed away in the person of Mr. John Frame, who died at his residence, Burnbank, Mount Barker Springs, on Wednesday July 15, at the advanced age of 86 years. Mr. Frame's father had a farm near Glasgow, and he was born there on April 28, 1799. After the death of the senior Mr. Frame his son carried on the work of agriculture for some years; but, being unable to meet a claim of his landlord for back rent, he had to leave it and seek employment in a cotton mill. The irksomeness and slavery of this kind of life were so keenly felt that Mr. Frame determined to seek his fortune in the Australias, and accordingly he sailed for these shores in the Ariadne which arrived in Adelaide on August 14, 1839. For some time after his arrival he was engaged in Primrose's brewery in Rundle street, Adelaide, but eventually he again turned his attention to agriculture. In 1843, in conjunction with Mr. Allan Bell and the late Mr. Patterson, he took up three sections of land at the Bald Hills, near Mount Barker, and began the cultivation of wheat. He was so far successful in this pursuit that five years later he was able to remove to the larger farm which he occupied at the time of his death. The land in this neighbourhood was admirably adapted to the successful growth of all kinds of cereals, and Mount Barker wheat soon won a name for itself in the market. The crowning point, however, was not reached until a sample sent to England by Mr. Frame gained the gold medal at the first London International Exhibition in 1851. Since that date Mr. Frame has received many valuable awards both from Commissioners of British and Foreign Exhibitions and at various Agricultural Shows in this and the neighbouring colonies. He has been a member of the Royal Agricultural Society of South Australia ever since its establishment, and hardly a Show has been held under its auspices at which he has not taken one or more prizes. He was a thorough farmer and knew how to make the best of the land at his disposal. He had fruitful soil to work upon, but its cereal product was greatly increased by the intelligence which he brought to bear upon the process of cultivation. The whole area of Burnbank does not exceed 370 acres, and yet he was able to lay aside a goodly sum of money as a result of his operations upon it. He leaves behind him quite a patriarchal list of descendants.
South Australian Register, Monday 27 July 1885
FRAME, Agnes nee TODD Died 02 June 1882 at Mount Barker, SA
We have also to announce the death of Mrs.JohnFrame, of Mount Barker Springs, at an advanced age. Her remains were interred in the Blakiston cemetery on Monday afternoon.
The Mount Barker Courier and Onkaparinga and Gumeracha Advertiser Friday 09 June 1882 page 2
FRAME, Annie Died 28 March 1912 at St. Peters, SA
Buried Walkerville Cemetery Another old colonist in the person of Mrs. Annie Gosden aged 88 died on March 28 at her residence, St. Peters. The deceased arrived in South Australia with her parents in 1840 by the ship Ariadne. She was the eldest daughter of the late Mr. John Frame, of Mount Barker. Mrs. Gosden was married twice. Her first husband was the late Mr. John Dickson, her second the late Mr. H. Gosden. She left three sons and one daughter—Mrs. R. Carter, St. Peters; Mr. W. Dickson, Parkside; and Messrs. T. and A. E. Gosdcn, of Harrogate.
Observer Saturday 06 April 1912 page 41
FRAME, Janet 1827 - 17 September 1918 at Macclesfield, SA
Married Thomas CALABY Buried Blakiston St. James Cemetery
A very old and esteemed resident in the person of Mrs. Janet Calaby, passed away at her son's residence, Macclesfield, on Monday last. The deceased, who was in her ninety-first year, was the second daughter of the late Mr. John Frame, sen., of Mount Barker Springs. She came out with her parents from Scotland in August, 1839, her first home being at Bald Hills, near Mount Barker. In November, 1849, the deceased was married to the late Mr. Thomas Calaby at the Blakiston Church, and they started dairying at Bugle Ranges'. Old residents will well remember Mrs. Calaby's record for 'butter making, she having been a consistent prize taker for 20 years at the Adelaide Show, and also a successful exhibitor at the Mount Barker shows. The late Mrs. Calaby was a keen business woman, and retained her faculties until the end of her long and well-spent life. The deceased reared a family of five sons and one daughter, and there are also 15 grandchildren and five great-grandchildren. The funeral was very largely attended, testifying to the high esteem in which the deceased lady was held.
The Mount Barker Courier and Onkaparinga and Gumeracha Advertiser Friday 20 September 1918 page 3
FRAME, John 1830 - 21 October 1876 at Mount Barker, SA
On Thursday, October 19 (says the Advertiser) Mr.J.Frame, jun, son of Mr.J. Frame, of Mount Barker, met with a very serious accident. He was driving a loaded vehicle from Hahndorf to Mount Barker, and when passing down Windmill-hill, near the latter place, the horses took fright and bolted, throwing Mr. Frame violently to the ground. He was found in an unconscious state, and conveyed to the Oakfield Hotel, where he now lies in a very critical condition. It is thought that his spine is injured, as he is unable to move any part of his body.
The Naracoorte Herald Tuesday 24 October 1876 page 3
GALL, Archibald, Euphemia Marion Logan WILSON
GALL, Archibald Died 29 November 1890 at Aldgate, SA
GALL, Euphemia Marion Logan nee WILSON Died 17 September 1883 at Aldgate, SA
GALL.—On the 17th September, at his residence, Aldgate, Euphemia Marion Logan, the beloved wife of ArchibaldGall, aged 61 years; a colonist of 44 years; leaves a large family and circle of friends to mourn her loss.
The Express and Telegraph Thursday 20 September 1883 page 2
GARDINER, William, Mary Ann FRAZER
GARDINER, William 1812 - 11 January 1889 at Gladstone, SA
Buried Gladstone Cemetery - no headstone
GARDNER - On the 11th January, at the residence of his son-in-law, Mr. T. F. Jones. Gladstone, William Gardner, aged 77 years. Arrived in barque Ariadne August, 1839.
South Australian Register, Monday 21 January 1889
GARDINER, Mary Ann nee FRAZER
GIBB / (GIBSON), Mary Ann
GIBSON, James, wife
HALL, John, Mary (wife), William, Thomas
HALL, John Died 23 February 1872 at Mount Barker Springs, SA
Died on the 23rd February, at his residence, Maryfield, Mount Barker Springs, John Hall, after a long and painful illness, aged 84 years. Arrived in the ship Ariadne in the year 1839. Formerly of Roxburghshire, Scotland. South Australian Register Thursday 29 February 1872 page 4
Mount Barker On Sunday the remains of an old and respected neighbour, Mr. JohnHall, were deposited in the Cemetery. The body wife followed there by a large company. The funeral service wan conducted at the house, according to the old Scotch custom, by the Rev. Mr. Benny, and the remains were interred without any ceremony or remarks—in solemn silence.
Adelaide Observer Saturday 02 March 1872 page 7
HYDE, John, Ann Jane WHITLEY, Robert, Mary Ann, James, Eleanor
HYDE, John 1799 - 25 December 1851 in Hamilton, SA
Occupation Carpenter and Farmer residing at Hyde Park, Noarlunga, Burra and Hamilton Buried Hamilton St Matthews Anglican Cemetery
HYDE, Ann Jane nee WHITELY 1793 - 30 January 1891 at Hamilton, SA Buried Hamilton St. Matthews Anglican Cemetery
Another very old colonist passed away on Friday, January 30, in the person of Mrs. Ann Jane Hyde, aged 98 years, the widow of the late Mr. John Hyde, who died at Hamilton in 1851, where she has since resided with her son James. Mr. and Mrs. Hyde, sen., with four children, arrived in the colony in 1839 by the barque Ariadne from Greenock. They first resided at Noarlunga (Horseshoe), then at Burra, and for last 44 years at Hamilton. Two sons, Robert and James, and one daughter, Mrs, S. B. Moody, besides 28 grand and 18 great-grandchildren remain. One daughter, Mr, Ford, predeceased her mother. The funeral took place on Sunday afternoon, and was attended by a large concourse of persons. The Rev. Canon Whitington conducted the service. During the Divine service held after the funeral, owing to the great heat one lady fainted.
South Australian Chronicle Saturday 07 February 1891 page 16
HYDE, Robert 1830 - 16 July 1896 at Stansbury, SA
THE LATE MR. R. HIDE.—-Our Stansbury correspondent wrote on July 20:—-" On 1 Thursday last Mr. R. Hide, of the Dalrymple Hotel, died after a lingering illness. Mr. Hide arrived in the colony with his parents, two sisters, and a brother in 1839, having come out in the ship Ariadne. After staying about two years in Adelaide the family settled at Noarlunga, where they stayed for about seven years. When the Burra Burra Mines were attracting many people they journeyed to Kooringa. Later they took up land at Hamilton, which at the death of the father the deceased continued cultivating. He afterwards was the proprietor of the Prince of Wales Hotel at Moonta, and from there he removed to Kilkerran. For the past two or three years he has been the landlord of the Dalrymple Hotel at this place. Deceased was sixty-five years old, and leaves a widow, two sons, and three daughters." Evening Journal, Tuesday 21 July 1896 Page 3
HYDE, Mary Ann 1833 - 13 December 1884 at Adelaide, SA
Married John FORD Resided at Minlaton, SA Buried Minlaton Cemetery
The Late Mrs. John Ford. — Another very old resident in this neighborhood has joined the majority in the person, of Mrs. JohnFord. The deceased lady will be well known to settlers in the District of Light as the wife of Mr. John Ford, formerly of Ford's Crossing, from whom that place takes its name subsequently. Mr. Ford leased the Invermay Paddocks, and afterwards purchased Mr. Duell's farm, just beyond the northern boundary of the town of Kapunda, but when the agricultural land on the Peninsula was opened for selection, he removed thither and settled in the neighborhood of Minlaton, where lie has since continued to reside. Mrs. Ford had been ailing for some time, and at the time of her death was staying at her son-in-law's (Mr. H. D. Sutherland) residence in Adelaide. A husband and a large grown up family are left to mourn their loss, for whom widespread sympathy is felt in their bereavment Mrs. Ford was a sister of Mr. James Hyde, of Hamilton, and Mr. Robert Hyde, late of Hamilton, and Mrs. Samuel Moody, late of the Table Lands. She dies regretted by a large number of friends.
Kapunda Herald Tuesday 16 December 1884 page 2
HYDE, James 1834 - 03 August 1920 at Hamilton, SA
Buried Hamilton St. Matthews Anglican Cemetery
Died on 3rd August, at his residence, Hamilton, James, beloved husband of Mary Hyde, aged 86 years. Arrived "Ariadne,'' 1839.
Kapunda Herald, Friday 6 August 1920, page 2
Mr. James Hyde, a well known and highly respected farmer and pastoralist,died at his residence, Hamilton, near Kapunda, last week. He was born at Armagh, Ireland, in 1834. With his parents, brother, and two sisters he left Greenock in the ship Ariadne, which arrived at Holdfast Bay in August, 1839. The family first settled to the south of the city. From there they removed to Noarlunga, where, during a heavy flood in the Onkaparinga, they lost all their belongings, and were only saved by taking refuge in a bullock dray chained to a gum tree. After that the family removed to Burra for a short time. Leaving there they took up land on the River Light, at Hamilton. On the death of his father, Mr. James Hyde built his home, where he lived continuously for 60 years until his death. For many years he was a member of the Hamilton District Council, and his good judgment and advice in business matters were sought by a large circle of friends. He was of a generous disposition. His word was his bond, and the long service of his employee testified to his goodness to them. Not long ago he retired from active farming, but he never lost his interest in agriculture and stock. He left a widow, one son (Mr. James Hyde), and five daughters (Mesdames P. M. Murray, Marrabel; D. C. Murray, Kapunda; and Misses M., F. E., and A. J., Hamilton).
Chronicle, Saturday 21 August 1920 page 39
HYDE, Eleanor 1838 - 23 August 1910 at Malvern, SA
Married Samuel Butler MOODY Resided Kilkerran, SA Buried Hamilton St. Matthews Anglican Cemetery
MOODY.—On the 23rd August, at the residence of her son-in-law ("Mr. Frank H. Counsell"), Cambridge terrace, Malvern, Eleanor, widow of the late Samuel Butler Moody, of "Inisfail," Kilkerran, in her 72nd year.
Evening Journal Wednesday 24 August 1910 page 1
Mrs. Moody, widow of the late Mr. S. B. Moody, who died on August 23, at the residence of her son-in-law (Mr. F. H. Counsell) , Malvern, removes another old colonist. Mrs. Moody, who was a daughter of the late Mr. J. Hyde, of Hamilton, arrived in the Ariadne in 1839 with her parents, sister, and two brothers. The family came from Armagh in the north of Ireland. The deceased has left one son and six daughters. Mr. J. Hyde, of Hamilton, is the only surviving brother.
The Register Tuesday 30 August 1910 page 4
JEFFARS / (JEFFERS), David, wife (Eliza FENTON), son
LAURIE / LAWRIE, James
LOWRIE, James, Jane SMITH, Mary, Elizabeth, Jane, Margaret, John, James, William
LOWRIE, James Died 12 September 1872 at Tam O'Shanter Belt, SA Aged 77 years
LOWRIE.—On the 16th September, at his residence, Tam O'Shanter Belt, JamesLowrie, farmer, aged 77 years—an old and respected colonist of 33 years. Melbourne and Scotch papers please copy.
Adelaide Observer Saturday 21 September 1872 page 2
LOWRIE, Jane nee SMITH Died 14 January 1885 at Roseberry near Walkerville, SA
Died aged 81 years Resided Walkerville, SA
LOWRIE.—On the 14th January, at Rosebery, near Walkerville, JaneLowrie, aged 81 years, relict of the late James Lowrie, of Tam O'Shanter Belt. A colonist of 45 years.
Adelaide Observer Saturday 17 January 1885 page 24
LOWRIE, Mary Died 30 January 1901 at Kensington, SA Married George Robinson 31 January 1852 at Chapel, Tam O'Shanter Belt, SA
ROBINSON. — On the 30th January, Mary, the beloved wife of George Robinson, of Tyrrel-street, Kensington, late of Caltowie, and eldest daughter of the late James Lowrie, of Tam-O'Shanter Belt, aged 74 years. A colonist of 62 years. Ship Ariadne. At rest.
MRS. MARYROBINSON, Who died on January 30, aged 74 years, was not only an old colonist, but one of our early Methodists. She came to this colony with her parents 62 years ago from Glasgow, in the ship Ariadne. She was then 12 years of age. She gave her heart to God in early life, and for some years met In the class of the late Mr. F. W. Thomas, and at that time worshipped in the old Gawler-place Chapel, under the ministry of the late Rev. D. J. Draper. Many of her old class mates have gone before her, but those that remain will readily remember Mary Lowrie. In 1852 she became united in marriage with George Robinson, an esteemed local preacher, who now mourns the loss of a good and faithful wife. After her marriage she resided in Norwood, and met in the class of the late Mr. John Langsford. Leaving Norwood she lived for some years at Salisbury, Golden Grove, Alma Plains, and Caltowie. Mr. Robinson's failing health compelling him to leave the compelling North, they removed nearer the City. Her home was a resting-place for the ministers, who will always remember her kindly face and motherly ministrations on their behalf. She very much enjoyed the Visits of the Rev. Wm. Reed, whose words of comfort and consolation were a great consolation blessing. She passed quietly away, leaving a sorrowing husband and six sons and five daughters, who sorrow not as those who have no hope, but have a joyful anticipation of meeting beyond the river, "where the surges cease to roll."
Australian Christian Commonwealth Friday 01 March 1901 page 4
LOWRIE, Elizabeth 1831 - 08 August 1873 at Corop, Vic. Married William Henry SANDERS 08 September 1858 at Residence of George Robinson, Gawler Plains near Salisbury
SANDERS - On the 8th of August, at her residence, Corop, Elizabeth, the wifo of WilliamHenry Sanders, aged forty-two years. Adelaide papers please copy.
Leader Saturday 16 August 1873 page 25 LOWRIE, Jane Married John GALE 21 July 1853 at Trinity Church, Adelaide, SA
LOWRIE, William Died 29 December 1899 at Hundred of Reynolds, SA
Died aged 62 years
MACGEORGE , Robert Forsyth, Elizabeth DUNCAN, John, Robert, Margaret, Alexander, Alice Annie, William, Elizabeth, James, David King, Elen Farie, Christina Barbara Ellison
MACGEORGE, Roberty Forsyth Died 1859 at sea off Scotland
Then there was the family of the Macgeorges. Mr. R. F. Macgeorge had a drapery business in Hindley street, carried on in a two-storied brick building as early as 1839. He lost his life in the wreck of the Royal Charter, off the Irish coast, with (it was reported) 4,000 sovereigns on him.
The Register Tuesday 28 March 1916 page 6
RECENTLY I referred to the arrival of Mr. R. F. MacGeorge in the Ariadne 100 years ago. Mr. J. T. Turner called yesterday to tell me that his grandfather landed here with 10 children, and subsequently went into business as a tailor in Hindley street. He bought land at the foothills in the early 1850 s, built Urrbrae mansion, and lived in it. In 1854 he returned to Scotland, together with six of his children, and left Mr. George Doolette to manage his business here. He made another trip to Adelaide alone. He left for Scotland in 1859 in the Royal Charter. The ship was sighted, and the family were eagerly awaiting his arrival. A storm arose the Royal Charter was wrecked, and all aboard. Including Mr Macgeorge were drowned. The family returned to Urrbrae which was sold in the 1860s.
The Advertiser Thursday 07 September 1939 page 21
MACGEORGE, Elizabeth nee DUNCAN Died 09 January 1880 at North Adelaide, SA Aged 78 years Buried West Terrace Cemetery Road 1 South Path 19 E 2
MACGEORGE.-- On the 9th January, at Kingston- terrace, Elizabeth, widow of the late Robert Forsyth Macgeorge, aged 78.
South Australian Register Saturday 10 January 1880 page 4
MACGEORGE, John Died 01 January 1844 at Adelaide, SA Aged 22 years We are sorry to record the death of Mr John MacGeorge, eldest son of Mr R. F. Macçeorge, of this city, a most excellent and amiable youth. He is another victim to the fell destroyer, consumption.
Southern Australian Friday 05 January 1844 page 3
MACGEORGE, Robert 1832 - September 1917 in Dunedin, New Zealand The late Mr. Robert MacGeorge, the announcement of whose death at his residence in Dunedin New Zealand, has been received, was born in Glasgow, Scotland, in 1832, and, arrived in South Australia with his parents in the ship Ariadne, in 1839. The family- settled, with the majority of the other pioneers, on the banks of the River Torrees, near what in now the Elder Rotunda, but afterwards Mr. MacGeorge, sen., imported a house from England. This dwelling was erected in Pulteney street, near to the present site of Hindmarsh square, and therein the family resided for seven years. Mr. MacGeorge then returned to his native land, where he remained for three years. He next travelled to New Zealand, and lived there for 50 years, until his demise. During his residence in the Dominion Mr. MacGeorge established a timber merchant's business, which is still in existence. A widow and three daughters survive.
The Register Thursday 20 September 1917 page 4
MACGEORGE, Margaret Died 28 October 1912 at Henley Beach, SA Married John Stewart TURNER 29 November 1843 at Residence of Mr. MacGeorge, Adelaide
The death is announced of Mrs. Turner, widow of Mr. JohnStewartTurner, a very old resident of the State. She passed away at her residence. "Babbacombe," Henley Beach, on Monday, in her 89th year. Mrs. Fletcher, widow of the Rev. W. Roby Fletcher, is a daughter.
The Advertiser Wednesday 30 October 1912 page 14
MACGEORGE, Alexander Died 30 June 1908 at Glen Dearg Grove, Malvern, Vic.
MACGEORGE.— On the 30th June, at Glen Dearg Grove, Malvern, Victoria, Alexander, the beloved husband of Rachel E. Macgeorge, in his 82nd year. A colonist of 69 years. Arrived barque Ariadne, 1839.
The Register, Thursday 2 July 1908 Page 4
The death of Mr. Alexander Macgeorge, of Malvern, Victoria, on June 30, removes another of the early colonists. He was the third son of the late Mr. Robert Fosyth Macgeorge, who was -drowned in the wreck of the Royal Charter, and was born at Glasgow on November 26, 1826, and educated at the High School there. He came to South Australia with his parents in the Ariadne in 1839. At one time Mr. Macgeorge was employed in the Chief Secretary's Office. He successfully floated the Unley and Mite-ham Tramway Company, and was Chairman of the District Council of Mitcham. He was also connected with the formation of the Henley Beach and Hindmarsh Tramway Company. He built Balangeich, a residence at Mitcham, where he lived for many years, and about 10 years since he removed to Victoria. He was latterly deeply interested in art matters and criminology. Mr. Macgeorge twice visited the old country. He was twice married, and has left a widow, five sons, and two daughters-Mr. L. D., S. H., F. F., A. J., and Norman, Macgeorge, Mrs. John Milne, and Miss Ethel Macgeorge—besides many grandchildren, and some great grandchildren. His surviving sisters are:—Mrs. J. S. Turner, Mrs. E. B. Minchin, Mrs. J. W. Farrar, Mrs. E. P. Sabine, and Mrs. G. F. Wyatt.
Observer Saturday 04 July 1908 page 38
MACGEORGE, Alice Annie
MACGEORGE, William Died 02 January 1840 DIED.—here, on the 2nd instant, William MacGeorge, aged eleven years, son of Mr R. F. MacGeorge, in consequence of injuries received by a fall from a pony, and being dragged in the stirrup.
South Australian Register Saturday 11 January 1840 page 4
MACGEORGE, Eliza 1830 - Born Glasgow, Scotland Married Francis Hardy FAULDING 16 September 1852 at Residence of R F MacGeorge, Urrbrae Remarried Anthony FORSTER 01 December 1869 at Wooton Lea, Adelaide Divorced
Forster v Forster and Stark The Attorney-General (Hon. S. J. Way, Q.C.) and Mr. J. W. Downer for the petitioner. This was a petition on the part of the husband for a dissolution of marriage on the ground of adultery by the wife. It appeared that the parties, Anthony Forster and Eliza Faulding, were married at Wootton Lea on the 1st December, 1869, by the Rev. Henry Read, M.A., and that there had been no issue by the marriage. It was shown that during a considerable portion of the year 1874 the co-respondent used to visit the house of Mrs. Forster as a visitor about twice a week, and that from the eight of the 31st December, 1874, till the 26th April, the parties lived together as man and wife ; and in that relationship they had left the colony and travelled about in Victoria and New South Wales. Lately they returned; and after Mrs. Forster had disposed of her property, they again left the colony. The respondent pled no answer, but the corespondent put in three pleas— (1) that the petitioner was not lawfully married to the respondent; (2) a denial of the adultery; and (3) that on the 10th January, 1870, the petitioner wilfully withdrew from cohabitation, and thereby conduced to the misconduct of the respondent. The facts of the petition were supported by the affidavits of the household servants of Mrs. Forster, and the certificate of marriage between the petitioner and the respondent was put in. His Honor said he should report to the Court that the marriage between the petitioner and respondent had been proved, as also the adultery between the respondent and corespondent, The Court adjourned sine die.
South Australian Register Thursday 25 November 1875 page 3
MACGEORGE, James Died 26 December 1919 at Ashford, Kent, England
A cable message received in Adelaide on December 26 announced the death of Mr. James Macgeorge, at Ashford, Kent, at the age of 80 years. The decease of Mr. Macgeorge carries one back to the early days of the State; for if was he who first established the electric telegraph between Adelaide and Port Adelaide as a private enterprise, and much public feeling was aroused when a few months later the Government laid its line; and took away the business that had been begun by the private owner. Mr. Macgeorge arrived in South Australia in 1839, and was one of the leading architects and engineers of his day. He designed many buildings in the city, constructed portions of the northern railways and roads, and built the tramway from Strathalbyn to Port ElIiot, which was about the first piece of railway line laid in Australia, albeit it was need for horse traction carriages. An advertisement in The Register on November 28, 1855, thus refers to Mr. Macgeorge's telegraph:-- "Electric Telegraph, City and Port line, Adelaide Station, Gresham street, King William street. Port Station, Lipson street. The public are informed that the City and Port line of the electric telegraph is now completed, and will be opened on Monday next, December 3, for the transmission of messages at the following rates: —Addresses and names free. For a message not exceeding 30 words, 1/; for every 10 words or part of 10 words additional, 6d. Until the opening day the public are invited to inspect the apparatus, and no charge will be made for messages.—James (Macgeorge, proprietor." In the late Sir Charles Todd's history of the South Australian post and telegraph services there is no reference to this precursor of the Government telegraph (which latter was opened on February 18, 1856).
Observer Saturday 04 January 1919 page 33
MACGEORGE, David King Died 28 June 1853 at Mitcham, SA Aged 18 years
MACGEORGE, Elen Faire
MACGEORGE, Christina Barbara Ellison Died 01 October 1924 at Gilberton, SA
Married Richard Ernest MINCHIN 16 August 1883 at St. Michael Church, Mitcham - aged 44 years
MINCHIN.-- On the 1st October at Park terrace, Gilberton, Ellison B. C. Minchin widow of the late R. E. Minchin. privately interred on the 2nd October in the North Road Cemetery.
The Register Friday 03 October 1924 page 8
MCCAUL, George, wife
MCKINLAY / MCKINLEY, Walter, Margaret Roger CLELAND)
CLELAND, Margaret Roger 1808 - 09 January 1888 at Tea Tree Gully, SA
Remarried after the death of her husband
HAINES—McKINLAY.—On the 5th July, at the Baptist Church, Flinders-street, Adelaide, by licence, by the Rev. Silas Mead, M.A., LL.B., William Haines, of Teatree Gully, to Margaret R. McKinlay, relict of the late WalterMcKinlay
South Australian Register Tuesday 11 July 1876 page 4
Died on the 9th January, at Tea Tree Gully, Margaret Roger, wife of William Haines, aged 80 years. A colonist of over 49 years. Arrived in the ship Ariadne, 1839. Evening Journal, Wednesday 11 January 1888 page 2
MCLAREN, John Wingate, Margaret FORREST, Jane, Robina
McLAREN, John Wingate Died 18 June 1874 in Kensington (England)
Occupation Senior Surveyor Returned to England c1853
McLAREN.-- On the 18th June, at his residence, 69, Addison-road, Kensington, John WingateMcLaren, Esq., after a few days' illness.
South Australian Register Wednesday 09 September 1874 page 7
MCLAREN, Margaret nee FORREST Died 14 August 1872 at Forest Grove, Fifth Creek
McLAREN.— On the 14th August, at Forest Grove, Fifth Creek. Margaret, the beloved wife of John McLaren, in the 75th year of her age. She was a colonist of 33 years, having arrived in the colony in the ship Ariadne in 1839.
South Australian Register Tuesday 27 August 1872 page 4
MCLAREN, Robina Dickie 1836 - 06 May 1920 at Montacute
Buried Montacute Cemetery
HUNTER,- On the 6th May, at her residence, Montacute, Robina Dickie, relict of James Hunter in her 84th year. Arrived in the ship Ariadne, 1839. Western Australian papers please copy.
The Register, Friday 7 May 1920 page 3
HUNTER-The Friends of the late ROBINA DICKIE HUNTER are respectfully informed that her remains will be Removed from her late Residence, Montacute, on SATURDAY, at 3 o'clock, for Interment in the Montacute Cemetery. W. WILLAMSON, Undertaker, Telephone, Norwood 1707. Payneham. 1289
The Register Saturday 8 May 1920, page 2
Mrs. Robina Hunter, who died after a short illness at Montacute, had resided there for 67 years, Her cheerful disposition and kindly interest in others endeared her to all. She was born in Glasgow in 1836, and was a daughter of the late Mr. John McLaren. She arrived in the ship Ariadne in 1839. In 1870 she married Mr. James Hunter, who died 30 years ago. Mrs. Hunter possessed a remarkable memory, and retained the full use of her faculties to the last. She leaves a son and daughter, both residents of Montacute.
McMILLAN, Isabella Died 24 March 1864 at Aldinga, SA
McMILLAN. -On the 24th March, at Aldinga, at the residence of D. Stewart, her son-in-law, Isabella, relict of George McMillan, late of the Customs, Campbelltown, Argyleshire, Scotland, aged 84 years.
South Australian Register Tuesday 29 March 1864 page 2
McMILLAN, Duncan Died 07 November 1879 at Campbelltown, Scotland
McMILLAN. —On the 7th November, 1879, at Campbelltown, Scotland, DuncanMcMillan, merchant, in the sixty-second year of his age, formerly of South Australia.
The South Australian Advertiser Tuesday 13 January 1880 page 4
Many old colonists will regret to hear of the death at Campbelltown, in Scotland, of Mr. DuncanMcMillan, a gentleman well known to the early settlers. Mr. McMillan arrived in South Australia in the ship Ariadne on the 15th of August, 1839, and remained here until May, 1853, when he left for England and settled down in Campbelltown as a merchant. He died on the 7th November, and the Campbelltown Courier of the following day refers to him in these terms:—" We regret to record the death of our much-esteemed townsman, Mr. Duncan McMillan, merchant, which took place suddenly of heart disease at his residence, Old Quay Head yesterday morning. Mr. McMillan was apparently in perfect health on the previous day, and before breakfast time yesterday he was going about in much about his usual way, but when rising from his knees after family devotion, about 9 o'clock, expired peacefully. All who knew the deceased will say, and that with truth, that his was a fitting termination to a life of rare purity, undoubted integrty, and genuine though unostentatious piety. Few will be more greatly missed in the community, and the poor, the sick, and the afflicted have lost a friend who took a deeper and more real interest in them than many of their own relatives. The Lochend Free Church has sustained a severe loss by his death, he having long held the office of elder in it. For many years back deceased has had premonitory symptoms of heart complaint, and he was fully alive to the fact that his death might take place suddenly. He was in the 62nd year of his age, and is survived by his wife and one son, Mr. G. H. McMillan, of the Commercial Bank." Deceased leaves three sisters in the colony—Mrs. McNaughton, of Black Bock; Mrs. Duncan Stewart, of Aldinga; and Mrs. John Butterworth, of Normanville.
The Express and Telegraph Tuesday 13 January 1880 page 2
McMILLAN, Isabella 1823 - 31 May 1908 at North Adelaide, SA
BUTTERWORTH - On the 31st May, at the residence of her son.-in-law, G H Macmillan, 81 Buxton street; North Adelaide; Isabella Butterworth, widow of the late John Butterworth, Normanville, her 85th year.
Observer, Saturday, 6 June 1908 page 31
Mrs. Butterworth, widow of Mr. John Butterworth, who possessed mills at Burra and Yankalilla many years ago. She was in her 85th year, and arrived in South Australia in 1839 with her mother (Mrs. Macmillan) in the ship Ariadne. Shortly after her arrival she lived at Aldinga. Later she moved to Yankalilla, where she lived for 40 years. Three sons (Messrs. Joseph and George Butterworth, of Port Adelaide, and Mr. Robert Butterworth, of Western Australia), and one daughter (Mrs. G. H. Macmillan), 11 grandchildren, and three greatgrandchildren survive.
Chronicle, Saturday 6 June 1908, page 44
McMILLAN, Annabella Died 22 May 1896 at Aldinga, SA
Married Duncan STEWART who also arrived on the Ariadne
STEWART-—On May 22nd, Annabella McVicar Macmillan, wife of Duncan Stewart, Aldinga, in her 77th year. Arrived in the ship Ariadne, August, 1839. Friends kindly accept this the only intimation.
Evening Journal, Tuesday 26 May 1896
Early on Friday morning an old and much inspected resident, Mrs. Stewart wife of Mr. Duncan Stewart, died. During the past seven years she had suffered from paralysis, and she was in her seventy-seventh year. She came to the colony in the year 1839 with her parents in the ship Ariadne, Mr. Stewart being a passenger by the same vessel. They were married in Adelaide by the Rev. B. Haining in 1843 and settled, in Aldinga, where they have resided ever since. The funeral took place on Saturday afternoon, being largely attended.
NEILSON, John Died 20 February 1873 at Tapley's Hill, SA
Resided Adelaide, SA
NEILSON--AtTapley'sHill, near Adelaide, on the 20th February, Mr. JohnNeilson, aged 64 years.
THE Friends of the Late Mr. JOHN NEILSON are respectfully informed that his REMAINS will leave his late Residence, Town View, Tapley'sHill, Tomorrow (Saturday), at 2 o'clock.
South Australian Register Friday 21 February 1873 page 2
NEILSON, Mary nee McNAB Died 18 October 1895 at Napperby, SA
Died on the 18th October, at Napperby, Mary, relict of the late John Neilson, of Tapley's Hill, aged 83 years; arrived in the Ariadne, 1839.
Border Watch (Mt Gambier) Saturday 26 October 1895 page 2
POOLE, James 1827 - 16 July 1845
Buried Mt. Poole Station, SA Occupation of Surveyor and Explorer Resided Adelaide
JAMESPOOLE Centenary Of His Death By WILKIE THOMSON A NOTABLE South Austra lian centenary which occurs next Monday is that of the death of JamesPoole, Sturt's first assistant. Captain Sturt tells us that as he watched his expeditions into the interior commence the second stage of its journey under James'Poole, he wondered if all the men would be permitted to return to their homes. He had a premonition that he himself would not return, but it was Poole, who on the 16th July, 1845 died from an internal haemorrhage following months of dire suffering from the dreaded scurvy. Very little is known about Poole, apart from what Sturt tells us of him. Our archives preserve records of his position as surveyor in SA from July, 1840, to June, 1842. One of the letters written at this time in a bold, clear and excellent hand is a request for the State to care for an aboriginal who had been with, and faithfully served, the surveyors, during that time. The latter reveals something of Poole's considerate nature. In 1845; the year the expedition left, he was one of the census collectors. From Sturt's narrative we learn that Poole was of stature short, stout, and personally much like Sir Thomas Mitchell. Added to this, he wore a blue foraging cap such as Sir Thomas had worn. We get this little pen picture because a tribe of Darling River natives thought he was Mitchell, and showed some hostility. It took a good deal of explanation on the part of Sturt and the native Nod buck to assure them that he was not that explorer, 'at which,' wrote Sturt, 'they expressed much satisfaction.' All were not convinced, however, even when Poole changed his cap for a straw hat. It was Poole who surveyed Lakes Bonney and Victoria, and he it was who first ascended the hills and gazed across Broken Hill and the plains, beholding that strange fantastic mirage as of water, from which the distant hills reared as islands, a mirage that was to deceive many a later traveller not looking for an inland sea such as Sturt's party hoped to find. To JamesPoole, too, must be given the credit of discovering Rocky Glen, where there was sufficient water to sustain the expedition, using at least one thousand gallons of water daily for six months, the only spot in that desert where their wants could have been for so long supplied. Poole and Browne, the surgeon were the first to show signs of scurvy. Browne exercised on low branches daily to keep his muscles from becoming rigid, but Poole was too sick to do this and complained of excessive pain. Much of their first few months of exploring had been spent away from the main camp, and at such times they existed on a meagre ration of flour and bacon, drinking from waterholes that were often mere mud puddles, and sometimes far from good, whilst the men with the main party had fresh mutton and better water. As Poole gradually became worse, Sturt thus described his condition:— 'All the skin along the muscles turned black and large pieces of spongy flesh hung from the roof of his mouth, which was in such a state that he could hardly eat.' Poole suggested the building of the cairn on Red Hill, later known as Mount Poole. To give the men occupation the cairn was erected, being 21 ft. square at the base and 18 ft. high. 'I little thought,' we read in the narrative 'that I was erecting Poole's monument, but so it was. That rude structure looks over his lonely grave. . . .' Following upon an attack of inflammation, Poole became restless and desired to be moved into an underground room. As this was very cold at night a chimney was built into it. But preparations were already being made for a party to return to Adelaide when the hoped-for rains came. A swing cot, with a flannel hood for shelter at night, together with pulleys so that the patient could change his position, was built into a dray. Poole was loath to leave and wept bitterly when Sturt said good-bye to him. The letter which the latter sent back to the Colonial Secretary, dated June 17, highly commended Poole as having done his duty to the utmost,' and that his state of health was produced by his 'zeal and perseverance alone.' Two days after the party's departure on July 16 Cowley returned to say that Poole had died at about 3 o'clock. He had raised himself to take some medicine, but remarked that he was dying, and falling back, passed quietly away. Under a gravillea, now known as beefwood he was buried, and cut in the tree is the brief epitaph-- 'J.P., 1845.' The beefwood tree was still alive in 1936. but near it. about 1883, was erected an obelisk. Even in death Poole would have remained a little unknown, for the engraving read. 'To the memory of John Poole, second-in-command of Sturt's exploring party, who died here on 16th July, 1845.' The 'John' has, however, now been erased and the rightful 'James' substituted.
Chronicle Thursday 12 July 1945 page 12
PRIMROSE, John 1803 - 23 November 1876 at Adelaide, SA
Mr. Primrose - We have to record the death, on Tuesday, November 23, of another old and respected colonist, at the advanced age of 73. Mr. John Primrose arrived in the colony in 1839 by the Ariadne, and started in business as a distiller, to which occupation he had been brought up in his father's distillery near Alloa, in Scotland. He carried on the business for about three years, when the distillation of spirits was prohibited by the Government, and he then converted his distillery into a brewery, the first established in the colony. Within the last few years the deceased gentleman has suffered severe family bereavements, having in a short space of time lost two sons and two daughters, all grown up, one son, Charles, it will be remembered, having been lost in the fatal boat accident off Glenelg, on the 23rd June, 1872, when he and six others, amongst whom was Mr. Richard White, were drowned. Mr. Primrose leaves two sons, the eldest of whom only arrived from England by the last mail.
South Australian Register, Saturday 2nd December 1876
RICHMOND, John Whiffing, Maria (wife), dau (Mary Ann?), John Whiffing, 3 dau (inc Eliza, Ann)
RICHMOND, John Whiffing Died 23 June 1862 at the Gorge near Waterworks, Adelaide
Mr. JohnW.Richmond as Tide Surveyor and Measurer of Ships in the Customs Department
The South Australian Register Friday 28 August 1863 page 3
RICHMOND.—On the 23rd June, at his residence, on the Torrens, Mr. JohnRichmond,aged 65 years.
RICHMOND, Maria Died 01 April 1845 at Prospect Village, SA Aged 44 years
On Tuesday, the 1st instant, at Prospect Village, Mrs JohnRichmond. Adelaide Observer Saturday 05 April 1845 page 4
RICHMOND, Mary Ann
RICHMOND, John Whiffing jnr Died 30 January 1875 at Redruth, SA
RICHMOND, Daughter RICHMOND, Elizabeth RICHMOND, Ann
ROBERTSON John, Isabella Ida HORN
ROBERTSON, John Resided Adelaide
ROBERTSON, Isabella Ida nee HORN Died 05 June 1856 at Strowen Grove
On the 5th instant, at Strowen Grove, after a long illness, IsabellaIdaRobertson, wife of John Robertson, Esq., in the 42nd year of his age.
South Australian Register Monday 09 June 1856 page 2
ROWAN, James, wife
SHANKS, Peter Campbell 1810 - 23 June 1877 in Adelaide, SA
Courtesy of the State Library of South Australia
Born Glasgow, Scotland Occupation of Baker residing in Adelaide.
SHANKS.—On the 23rd June, at his residence, Sturt-street, of chronic bronchitis, Peter Shanks, aged 67 years. An old colonist of 33 years.
The Express and Telegraph Monday 25 June 1877 page 1
SMART John, Agnes WILSON, Clementina, Robert, Charles Fleming, Agnes, John Rennie
SMART, John 1801 - 14 August 1882 at Craiglee, Golden Grove, SA
Buried Golden Grove, SA Occupation of Farmer, residing at Golden Grove Died on the 14th August, at Craigielee, Golden Grove, John Smart, aged 82. A colonist of 43 years, having arrived in the ship Ariadne, 1839.
South Australian Register Tuesday 15 August 1882 page 4
SMART, Agnes nee WILSON 1801 - 18 August 1880
SMART.—On the 18th August, at Golden Grove, Agnes, wife of JohnSmart, aged 79 years. A colonist of 41 years.
Evening Journal Thursday 19 August 1880 page 2
SMART, Clementina 1826 - 27 February 1909 at Kirklands, Golden Grove, SA
Buried Golden Grove Cemetery
DIAMOND WEDDING. —Kirk—Smart.-- On May 6 the diamond wedding of Mr. and Mrs. A. Kirk was celebrated at Kirklands, Golden Grove. A large number of relatives and friends were present, Tea was laid in the commodious farm kitchen, built nearly half a century ago. Later on speeches were made, and interesting reminiscences of the early days were narrated. Mr. A. Kirk, who will be 87 next August, arrived in the colony in the ship Lysander in 1839. He was third son of Mr. R. Kirk, of Pool Houses, Lockerby, Dumfriesshire, Scotland. By sheer hard work and persistency Mr. Kirk has won his competency. He is a man well respected and loved by all. Mrs. Kirk is the eldest daughter of the late Mr. John Smart, at Craiglee, Golden Grove, and arrived in South Australia, in the same year as her husband, by the ship Ariadne. The couple were married at the Manse, Wakefield street, in 1845, by the Rev. R. Haining. There are two sons and four daughters living—Mr. R. Kirk, Mr. A. Kirk, both of Golden Grove; Mrs. Shillabeer, of Onetree Hill; Mrs. A. Jose, of Adelaide; Mrs. Jones, of Koolunga; and Miss Isobel Kirk. Twenty-seven grandchildren and eight great-grandchildren represent the third and fourth generations respectively. The old couple are still hale and hearty.
Observer 13 May 1905 page 7
KIRK.- On the 27th February, at Kirklands, Golden Grove, Clementina, dearly beloved wife of Alexander Kirk, aged 83 years. A colonist of 70 years.
The Register, 2 March 1909 page 6
GOLDENGROVE, March 2. On Saturday Mrs. Alexander Kirk one of the oldest colonists in the State, died at the age of 83 years. Mrs. Kirk who was the eldest daughter of the late Mr. and Mrs.John Smart, was born in Scotland in 1826, and arrived in South Australia with her parents in the ship Ariadne in 1839. Five years later she was married to Mr. Alexander Kirk, and went to reside at Kirklands, which had been her home ever since. Mr. Kirk, who is over 90, has been deprived of his companion of 64 years. There are also two living two sons, Messrs. Robert and Alexander Kirk, of GoldenGrove, and three daughters, Mrs. Jones of Koolunga, Mrs. Jose of Adelaide and Miss Kirk of GoldenGrove, besides numerous grand-children and great grandchildren.
The Advertiser Thursday 04 March 1909 page 11
SMART, Robert 1828 - 15 August 1915 at Narridy, SA
Buried Narridy Cemetery
Our Narridy correspondent writes:— The death occurred on Monday last of an old and esteemed resident in the person of Mr. RobertSmart, in his eighty-eighth year. He had resided in Narridy for 36 years, and was a pioneer of 76 years, having arrived in South Australia in 1839. He was born in Glasgow in 1828, and when 11 years old was brought to South Australia by his father, the late Mr. John Smart, in the ship Ariadne. As a boy he tended sheep for Mr. J. W. White, of the Reedbeds. He lived with his father in Rundle street, near Primrose's Brewery, the parent's occupation being the cartage of water from the River Torrens for use in the brewery. Among Mr. Smart's early memories were a double public execution in Adelaide, on North terrace, in front of the site of the Institute, and the execution of the bushranger Stagg in front of the gaol. The latter denied that he was guilty of the crime for which he was hanged, to which a police trooper afterwards con fessed, but admitted that he had wrapped a man in a bullock's hide and burned him to death. A third punishment which deceased witnessed was the flogging of an aboriginal at the top of Hindley street. The family subsequently moved to the Gorge, and later to the Metcalf section, on Sixth Creek. The deceased and his late brother (Mr. Charles Smart) were engaged in carting by bullock team copper ore from the Burra Mine to Port Adelaide. The Smarts soon afterwards settled at Golden Grove, where the deceased returned after a successful nine months at the Forest Creek diggings in Victoria. On the way to the diggings the party with which Mr. Smart was connected was attacked near the Coororje by an over whelming number of aboriginals, who took the ducks the white men had shot and demanded their weapons. The lives of the travellers were probably only spared by the timely arrival of another team, on the approach of which the blacks fled. For years deceased remained in the Golden Grove district, and was trustee for the local cemetery. He then moved to Narridy where he engaged in farming. In 1851 deceased married Miss E. A. Roberts, a daughter of the late Mr. and Mrs. Roberts, the first captain of the Burra copper mines. There are four daughters, Miss R. Smart, Mrs. John Nicholson and Mrs. George Weston, of Narridy. and Mrs. Bert Fidock of New South Wales, and six sons. Messrs John Smart, of Belalie North: Thomas, Robert, William, and Alex. Smart, of Redhill: and Arthur Smart, of Narridy: also 37 grand children and eight great-grandchildren. Deceased had been a reader of The Observer for 81 years.
The Register Monday 23 August 1915 page 6
SMART, Charles Fleming 1830 - 07 September 1898 at Narridy, SA
Born Glasgow, Scotland Occupation of Farmer, residing at Golden Grove, SA Buried Narridy Cemetery
Our obituary notices record the death of Mr. Charles F. Smart, at the age of sixty-eight years, at Narridy, on September 7. Mr. Smart arrived in the colony with his parents in 1839 in the ship Ariadne. The family lived in Adelaide for a few years. They after wards removed to the Gorge and Golden Grove. In 1859 Mr. Smart, in conjunction with Messrs. J. Roberts and J. Coulls, took up the Yorelina Run in the Far North, but after four or five years he gave up squatting and removed to the Ardtomish Farm, near Modbury, where he lived for eleven years. Whilst there he was elected councillor for the district of Teatree Gully. Twenty years ago he with his wife and family went to reside in the Hundred of Narridy, where he had carried on farming ever since. Mr. Smart took great interest in the district. He was elected Councillor, and again when the district was amalgamated with Georgetown and Yacka. He was one of the first to inaugurate the Agricultural Bureau in Narridy, and was a member until his death. He was a member of the School Board of Advice of Georgetown from the first election of members until his religious matters. He was a member of the Bible Christian denomination, and Superintendent of the Sunday-school at the time of his death. He also took a deep interest in religious matters. He was a member of the Bible Christian denomination, and Superintendent of the Sunday-school at the time of his death. He has left a widow and six children, of whom Mr. C. E. Smart, of Esperance, is the eldest. Mr. R. Smart; of Narridy, and Mr. J. R. Smart,. of Golden Grove, are brothers, and Mesdames A. Kirk, Kirklands, J. Roberts, Golden Grove and R. McEwen, Prospect, are sisters.
Adelaide Observer Saturday 17 September 1898 page 29
SMART, John Rennie 1838 - 01 January 1903 at Golden Grove, SA
Born Glasgow, Scotland Buried Golden Grove, SA
Mr. John Rennie Smart died at Golden Grove on New Year's Day. He had lived there for close on 60 years. He was the younger son of the well-known pioneers, Mr. and Mrs. John Smart, of Craiglea. With his parents he came to South Australia when only a child in the ship Ariadne in the year 1839. A fellow-passenger and friend was the late Mr. John Primrose, who, having decided upon arrival to engage in the distilling business, secured: the services of the deceased’s father. Mr. Smart, sen. with his family lived for three years in an old thatched cottage, which was situated where the well-known brewery in Rundle street now stands. On the firm of Richman and Primrose giving up the distilling business. Mr. Primrose desired his old friend to join him in the brewing industry, but the country had attractions for him. He settled in Golden Grove, and in time acquired considerable property, which at his death in 1881 was divided among the various members of his family. Mr. John Rennie Smart was a lieutenant in the old Teatree Gully Rifles some 36 years ago, when the Late Mr, John Robertson was captain. He retired from farming 11 years go, but continued to take an interest in agricultural matters, and was a member of the bureau. He took a deep interest in the affairs of the Presbyterian Church of which he was chairman and manager, He has left a widow, but no children. Other surviving relatives are Mr. Robert Smart, of Narridy; Mrs. Jas. Robberts, .Craiglea; Mrs. A; Kirk, Kirklands; and Mrs Robert; McEwin, Prospect.
Chronicle Saturday 10 January 1903 page 32
STEWART, Duncan 1819 - 14 October 1907 at Aldinga, SA
Mr. Duncan Stewart, who died on October 14 at Aldinga, was born in Scotland in 1819, and arrived in South Australia in the Ariadne in August, 1839. He was one of the pioneers of the south. He obtained a section of land at Aldinga in 1846, built a house, married, and raised a family there; and lived on the one property, until the day of his death. He did not take any active part in political life, but was a councillor and afterwards chairman of the Aldinga District Council. He held a seat in the council for a period of 60 years (1861 to 1904) without a break. He was often a judge of draught stock at ploughing matches and agricultural shows, and among the mementoes his family possess is a medal inscribed on one side, 'Best plough man' around an engraving of a plough, and on the other side; 'First medal, August, 1852, Willunga.' Mr. Stewart was a justice of the peace for many: years. His wife died in 1896, and the family now living are Mrs. Brant Butterworth, Port Willunga; Miss Stewart, Stewarton: Aldinga Mrs. William Wood, Port Pirie: Mr. Robert Stewart, Aldinga; and Mr. Duncan Stewart, North Adelaide. Chronicle Saturday, 26 October 1907 page 45
TOWERS, Alexander 1816 - 25 February 1874 at Templers, SA Occupation of Engineer residing at Yankallila and Adelaide
The neighborhood of Tempiers was thrown into great consternation on Wednesday afternoon last by a suicide of remarkable character, for which no reason can be assigned, as shown in the following account of the inquest, held at the Hotel, Templers, Dr. Wilkinson, Coroner:— Harrold Hiskey, Templers, said—I recognise the body of the deceased as that of Alexander Towers. He was in my brother's employ, who is at present in Adelaide. Have known the deceased about two months. He was my brother's shepherd. He boarded at my brother's, and I never saw anything strange in his conduct. He would occasionally take drink of an evening when he had the opportunity, and then would talk a little funny. Saw him last alive about 7a.m. yesterday; he spoke to me, and appeared in his usual health and spirits. Saw nothing more of him until I saw his body lying in the paddock after he had been cut down. . . . Charles Fisher, jun., Templers, said—Yesterday about 2 o'clock p.m. I was going after horses in my father's paddock, and in passing some trees I saw deceased hanging to one of them. I ran home and told my father, who, together with my uncle, went and cut him down. Saw no person near the place when I discovered the body. Charles Fisher, sen., of Templers, said— About 2 o'clock yesterday my son came running in and told me that Mr. Hosking's shepherd was hanging in a tree. I sent the lad for my brother and went to the spot. My brother came up just as I got there, and we immediately cut him down. He used a common bridle and Not a rope. He must have taken the bridle out of my shed, which was about 100 yards from the place where the body was found. I identify the bridle as my property. I have had frequent opportunities of seeing the deceased for the two months he resided at Templers. Never saw anything strange about him. Never saw him drunk. Do not believe he drank to excess. Fred. Goldney, Police-trooper, of Gawler, said—Yesterday about 4 p.m. T was requested to proceed to Templers as a man had hanged himself. On arrival I found the body of deceased lying in the paddock, having been cut down. I examined the body and found a leather strap around the neck, but slack. From the mark around the neck it was evident that the man had been hung. He appeared to have been dead some hours. I searched him and found a pair of spectacles and an empty tin match-box, I also searched his sleeping room, but discovered nothing to throw light on the subject of his state of mind before he committed the rash act. There were no marks of a struggle under the tree. I could see nothing to justify, suspicion of foul play. I cannot find that he had any relations in the colony. The Jury returned a verdict of—"Hanged himself during a fit of temporary insanity." -It was. ascertained after the inquest thatdeceased had relatives in the colony, and that this proper calling was that of an engineer, in which employ he had formerly been engaged at Strathalbyn.
The Express and Telegraph Monday 02 March 1874 page 3
TURNER, Mrs Mary
UMPHERSTON, James 23 November 1812 - 28 October 1900
Occupations of Farmer, Grazier and Politcian Resided Port Adelaide, Attamurra and Mount Gambier Buried Mount Gambier Lake Terrace Cemetery
One of the best known residents of the south-east, and a very old colonist passed away on Sunday in the person of Mr. James Umpherston, of "The Caves," Mount -Gambier. Air. Umpherston's death this not -unexpected, for he had been ill some four weeks, and at his great age—over 8O years—it was not thought he would pull through. He came to South Australia in 1539, and was thus at the time of his death a colonist of 61 years, he settled at Mount Gambier over 40 years ago and carried in farming successfully. He was identified with everything in the district connected with agriculture, and not only had he engineered many successful shows as president of the Agricultural Society, but as chairman of the Agricultural Bureau he was in a position to give fellow agriculturists the 'benefit of his long and wide experience, Mr. Umpherston was a thorough Scotchman, and had numerous friends in Scotland, to whom he had paid two or three visits in recent years. At Mount Gambier he displayed his nationality by the warm interest he took in founding its local Caledonian Society, of which he was one of the first chiefs. Mr. Umpherston was also an active and prominent member of the Mount Gambier Presbyterian Church, of the committee of which he was a member. The deceased was also connected with the "Mount Gambier Institute, of which he was president, and he was also a member of the Licensing Bench and chairman of the local branch of the British and Foreign Bible Society. Thirty-two years ago Mr. Umpherston represented tire district of Victoria in the House of Assembly. He was elected on December 13, 1866, when Adam Lindsay Gordon resigned his seat, and he sat, for the next two years with Mr. John Riddoch, the present proprietor of the YaHum Estate, near Penola. Last year the Right Hon. C. C Kingston called on Mr. Umpherston at his residence, and the old gentleman informed the ex-Premier that he sat in Parliament when his father, Sir George Kingston, was Speaker, and that he assisted in passing the Land Act under which the famous 1888 leases were granted. Of late years Mr. Umpherston had taken no part in the work of his farm, which this year has one of the best crops in the Mount Gambier district, but he devoted his time to the work of the Agricultural Bureau and to the beautifying of the remarkable caves in his garden, which form one of the sights of the south-east. Mr. Umpherston has not misled many Adelaide shows, and in September last he was in Adelaide and was taken over the show by the Hon. A. W. Sandford, of whom he was an intimate friend. Mr. Umpherston was married twice and his second wife survives him.
The Advertiser Tuesday 30 October 1900 page 9
WADDELL, John, Isabella BRYDON, Janet, Jean/Margaret, John
WADDELL, John Died 19 June 1871 at Adelaide, SA
John and Isabella Waddell, of "Spring Bank," Blakiston who were amongst the earliest pioneers of "Bald Hills," Mount Barker. Buried Blakiston St. James Anglican Cemetery
The Waddell family, who called their homestead, between Blakiston and Nairne, "Spring Bank," is still remembered by the older people of Mount Banter, or those who "heard mother speak about them." There is an obituary record in the local Court House of the death of Margaret Waddell, aged 27, wife of —.Waddell (spelt with one "1"), mariner, Port Adelaide, who died February 18, 1858. There is a further record of the death of IsabellaWaddell, who died on February 7, 1869, aged 62, wife of — Waddell. The inscription on the monument in the Blakiston cemetery makes it certain that this was the wife of John Waddell, of "Spring Bank." Mrs. McKenzie, who knew the family well, says that there were two brothers and three sisters that came out with the father and mother in 1839. The late J. J. Bonnar lived with the family for a time. One daughter, Jessie, who came to the colony as a widow (Mrs. Craigie) married James Brown, of Avenue Range, South-East. He died at Glen Osmond February 7, 1890, at the age of 72. Mrs. Brown died at the City of Niagara Falls, U.S.A., on November 13, 1892, at the age of 67. On the monument in West Terrace she is described as a colonist of 53 years. This places the arrival of the family in the year 1839. Mrs. Brown erected a handsome monument over the grave of her father and mother in the Blakiston cemetery. John Waddell, the father, died June 19, 1871, at the age of 70. His wife's full name was Isabella Brydon. Mrs. Brown was one of the chief benefactors of Minda Institution. The sister, Carry, married some one in Victoria. Mary, according to Mrs. McKenzie's recollection, married a Mr. Anderson in Adelaide. My impression is that she married one of the Gordons, a neighboring family. The brother James went lately to Broken Hill and the other brother went to the Broughton when that district was opened for settlement by farmers. Henry Bonnar was tutor to the Waddell family and later Maud Jean Franc (Miss Congreve) was governess.
The Mount Barker Courier and Onkaparinga Gumeracha Advertiser Friday 18 July 1930 page 5
THE FRIENDS of the late Mr. JOHNWADDELL are respectfully informed that his REMAINS will leave the Sturt Hotel, Grenfell-street, THIS DAY (Tuesday), June 20, at 10 o'clock a.m., for interment in the Blakiston Cemetery, near Mount Barker. OLIVER RANKIN, Undertaker.
South Australian Advertiser Tuesday 20 June 1871 page 1
WADDELL, Isabella nee BRYDON Died 07 February 1869 at Mount Barker, SA
Buried Blakiston St. James Anglican Cemetery
WADDELL.—On the 7th February, at her residence, Springbank. Mount Barker. Isabella, the wife of JohnWaddell, aged 62 years.
Evening Journal Friday 12 February 1869 page 2
WADDELL, John Died 31 July 1904 at Parkside, SA Resided Exeter, SA Died aged 54 years