ABBOTT, Giles Died 12 December 1865 at Port Elliot, SA
ABBOTT. — Died On the 12th December 1865, Giles Abbott, sen., of Port Elliot, aged 84 years. Deceased was a colonist of 29 years standing, and was highly and deservedly respected by a large circle of relatives and friends.
Buried Port Elliott - Goolwa Anglican Cemetery
THE LATE MR. GILESABBOTT, SEN. - An obituary 'notice in the Register of December 16 recorded the close of an active and remarkable life in the person of Mr. Abbott, who died on December 12, in his 85th year. The deceased was so well known and so much respected that a brief memoir from the pen of one who became acquainted with him her in 1838 will not be unacceptable. He was born at Little Haddington, in Northamptonshire, on the 11th May, 1781. and was brought up to agricultural pursuits. On the 13th October, 1800, he married Miss Hannah Frost, of Sawtry, Huntingdonshire, whose life was spared till February 2, 1863. During the early years of a matrimonial life extending over 62 years she had given birth to 17 children, nine of whom lived to enter the married state. Mr. Abbott was employed for several years in super intending! the drainage on the estate of Sir Richard De-Capell Broke, of Great Oakley, and subsequently became land steward to Mr. Hanbury, of Church Lanton, on the estate of that gentleman at Barton Latimer. In 1836 he with his wife and several of bis sons left Barton to seek a new home in this colony. They arrived here in the barque John Renwick, on the 14th of February, 1837. Mr. Abbott being then in his 56th year, he immediately purchased a dray and bullocks, and commence carting water, lime, sand, &c., which, with other, useful occupations, he prosecuted vigorously for several years. By the blessing of God upon Its industry and perseverance, he was enabled in 1854 to retire to a little farm he had purchased near Port Elliot, and on a small portion of his land he was to be seen busily employed until a very few days before his death. Deceased was a man of regular habits, an early riser, temperate, and industrious. He was blessed with a good constitution and an excellent termper, cheerful, and submissive. He was a regular attendant at: his place of worship, had been under the influence of Christian faith and principles for nearly 50 years, and during the last few months of his life appeared to be increasingly happy in the prospect of eternity. He expired on the 12th December without a struggle or any expression of pain. His remains were borne to the grave on the 14th December by six of his grandsons in the presence of a large assemblage of relatives and friends. The precise (number of his descendants cannot, speedily be ascertained; but of children, grand children, and great grandchildren now living no fewer than 165 can be reckoned. Instances of longevity have not been unfrequent of late either in Her Majesty's British dominions or in these distant dependencies; but the case of Mr. Abbott will not often meet with its parallel. Of him it may We truly slid that one of our most energetic and useful pioneers has passed away, leaving for the Imitation of survivors the memory and simple records of an exemplary life.
The South Australian Register Wednesday 03 January 1866 page 2
ABBOTT, Hannah nee FROST 1782 - Died 02 February 1863 at Port Elliot, SA ABBOTT.- Died On the 2nd February 1863, at her residence, near Port Elliot, Hannah, the beloved wife of Mr. Giles Abbott, sen., aged 81 years. Deceased was a colonist of 26 years' standing, and was highly and deservedly respected by a large circle of relatives and friends. Born 1782 in Sawtry, Hun, England
ABBOTT, Mercy 1817 - 04 April 1861 at Port Elliot, SA Married Henery Gregg HEWETT
ABBOTT, Jacob, Amey FRENCH, Hannah, Amy, Jacob
Courtesy of State Library of South Australia B6192
ABBOTT, Jacob snr. Received on trial as a local preacher. From the fact that he brought with him, from the Old Country, his credentials as a local preacher on trial his probation was limited to three months, and he was given full status as a local preacher at the September quarterly meeting. Those who were associated with him describe him as a sound doctrinal preacher, calm and deliberate in utterance, but with a burning passion for souls, and the wooing note in his appeals frequently found a response from his hearers. To Jacob Abbott belongs the honour of conducting the first Love-Feast with the early settlers. This institution has passed out of existence, but in those early days this means of grace, so cherished in in the Old Country, proved to be in this new land a frequent season of spiritual refreshment. This particular Love-Feast, held on June 3, 1838, was preceded by a sermon from John xv, 26 "But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father, even the Spirit of Truth which proceedeth from the Father, He shall testify of Me." Following the sermon, the records state, "'Many testified with tearful eyes and grateful hearts, of peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ. Soon after a glorious revival took place." Jacob Abbott was destined to become the first home missionary in South Australia. This perhaps is his chief distinction, and is sufficient in itself to establish for him a permanent record in the history of South Australian Methodism. The Colony was barely five years old when the call came to Mr. Abbott, in an unexpected manner, to undertake this work. The Rev. John Blackett, in his invaluable little book, "A South. Australian Romance," relates the circumstances:— "Jacob Abbott was keeping a store at North Adelaide. One day the Methodist miller (John Ridley) called upon him. The following dialogue took place: Said the Methodist storekeeper to the Methodist miller, 'You seem busy carting flour into Adelaide. I thave a horse and dray doing very little just now. Could I assist in any way?' 'What would you wish: for the use of them?' was the response. Said Jacob Abbott, 'About thirty shillings a week; you to find horse-feed and driver.' 'Agreed,' said the Methodist miller, 'but 1 would rather pay you that to go about the country to preach and visit the people, and render help to our minister.' Jacob Abbott was taken by surprise—a very agreeable one. The matter was laid. before the overwrought John Eggleston. He hailed the proposal with joy. For nearly two years this arrangement was continued, the Methodist miller, John Ridley, meeting all expenses." Later in life Jacob Abbott joined another communion and was known for many years as "Pastor Jacob Abbott," but he never lost his love for the Church of his earlier days. He lived to a ripe age and was revered by all as a true saint and faithful messenger of the Lord Jesus Christ.
Australian Christian Commonwealth Friday 28 May 1937 page 4
Pastor Jacob Abbott died at the residence of his son, Magill-road, on Sunday, at the age of 95 years. Pastor Abbott, who was born in Northamptonshire, England, on December 3, 1813, spent the earlier years of his life in agricultural pursuits. When he was about 24 years of age he determined to emigrate to South Australia, which had not at that time been proclaimed a British province. Accordingly, he sailed with his wife and children and arrived in the ship John Renwick, landing at Holdfast Bay some weeks after Governor Hindmarsh. He was largely instrumental in establishing the first Methodist Church in this State, and was recognised as one of the most self-sacrificing teachers at that time. He took a prominent part in the erection of the first Methodist church in Hindley Street, which was officially opened in March, 1839. Subsequently he left the Wesleyan Church and joined the followers of the late Rev. Thomas Playford. He was a member of the board of trustees of the church which was erected in Bentham-street for the accommodation of Mr. Playford's followers. He was afterwards appointed as assistant pastor to watch over the spiritual welfare of the residents on the south side of Hindley-street, and later occupied the position of co-pastor with Pastor Finlayson in Zion Chapel, Hanson-street. A branch of this church was erected at Stepney in 1858, and a few years later Pastor Abbott was given control of it, a position which, he occupied till 1887. Since then he bad not been, "connected with regular pastoral work.
The Advertiser Monday 23 November 1908 page 7
ABBOTT, Amey nee FRENCH 1809 - 02 November 1873 at Stepney, SA
ABBOTT are respectfully informed that her REMAINS will be Removed from her late Residence, Stepney, to George-street Chapel, at 3 o'clock This Afternoon, thence to West-terrace Cemetery.
Evening Journal Monday 03 November 1873 page 1
Buried West Terrace Cemetery Kingston Allotments Row 3 Site 23
ABBOTT, Amy 1831 - 28 November 1914 at Norwood, SA Married George TREVELION Buried West Terrace Cemetery Kingston Allotments Row 3 Site 23
ABBOTT, Hannah 1834 -
ABBOTT, Jacob 1836 - 21 October 1910 at Stepney, SA THE Friends of the late Mr. JACOB ABBOTT are respectfully informed that his REMAINS will be Removed from his late Residence, Magill road, Stepney, on SUNDAY, at 3 o'clock, for Interment in Payneham Cemetery.
ABBOTT, Thomas, Mary Ann BAILEY, Thomas, May Ann, Hannah Renwick
ABBOTT, Thomas Died 15 February 1855 at Munno Para, SA
Buried Salisbury St. John Anglican Cemetery
On the 15th instant, at Munno Para, Thomas Abbott, sen., aged 43 years. The deceased was much respected by all who knew him.
Adelaide Times Saturday 17 February 1855 page 2
Thomas Abbott, who arrived in South Australia by the JohnRenwick in February, 1837, was accompanied by his wife and two children— Thomas and Mary Ann—the former now resident at Fords, and his sister (Mrs. G. S. Turner) at Reynella. A third child (a girl) was born during the voyage, and was named Hannah Renwick —after the ship.
The Register Thursday 03 April 1919 page 9
Consider the possibilities which seem to be held out by the Abbott family alone. There were three of them at Glenelg on Monday, two of whom arrived in South Australia in February, 1837, on the Sir JohnRenwick. I stumbled across the younger of these two—Mrs. G. S. Turner, of Reynella, who was two years of age when the Sir JohnRenwick arrived in South Australian waters, with Mr. and Mrs. Abbott, of Northamptonshire, their son Thomas, aged four, their eldest daughter, aged two, and a baby girl who was born at sea, and who afterwards died. "I don't remember much, about it," said Mrs. Turner, defensively, as I produced a notebook, "but I have heard my father say that we camped near the Torrens under a shelter made of luggage while our first hut was being built. We lived for a time at Pine Forest, and went from there to Pine Creek. Then my father took up land at Salisbury, and he farmed there until he died. At the time of his death we had a family of 12, which has since been scattered all over the State. My eldest brother Thomas, from Kapunda, is here to-day, and so is my sister, Mrs. George Mugg, who was born a few months after we arrived in the State. The first thing I remember at all clearly was the funeral of Col. Light. I saw the procession, and it made such an impression upon me that the memory of it has never been effaced."
The Journal Tuesday 29 December 1914 page 2
DIED. On the 15th instant, Mary, the beloved wife of Mr. T. Abbott, farmer, of Salisbury Plain. Deceased arrived in the colony, with her husband and three young children, in 1837 ; she died after a short illness leaving a widower and eleven children, together with a numerous circle of relatives and friends. She was much and deservedly respected.
Buried Salisbury St. John Anglican Cemetery
ABBOTT, Mary Ann nee BAILEY 1810 - Died 15 July 1854 at Salisbury, SA
ABBOTT, Thomas jnr. 1833 - 03 May 1920 at Fords, SA
Abbott.—Died On May 3 1920, at Fords, Thomas Abbott, aged 86 years. Arrived in the ship JohnRenwick, 1837.
Mr. Thomas Abbott, who died recently at Fords (near Kapunda), was born in England 86 years ago, and came to South Australia with his parents in 1837 in the ship JohnRenwick. They settled near where the Bolivar is now, and in his younger days the deceased engaged in carting between Port Adelaide and Burra. In 1851 he went to the Victorian diggings, where he stayed three years, and on his return took up land and farmed near Hamilton, but remained there only a few years, taking up the work of carting again. About 30 years ago, he settled at Fords, and resided there until his death. Three sons and two daughters survive They are:— Messrs. William (Urimena Station, N.S.W.), Arthur H. (Port Lincoln), and T. Giles Abbott (Fords), and Mesdames Mattingly (Matong, N.S.W.), and J. Barnes (Ballarat, Victoria).
The Register Friday 21 May 1920 page 7
ABBOTT, Mary Ann jnr. 1835 - Died 10 January 1927 at Reynella, SA
TURNER.—Died on the 10th January 1927, at her daughter's residence, Reynella, Mary Ann Turner (nee Abbott), widow of G. S. Turner, aged 92 (suddenly). A colonist of 90 years. Arrived JohnRenwick.
Married on the 16th instant, at the office of the Deputy-Registrar for Yatala, by licence, Mr. George S. Turner, fifth son of Mr. T. Turner, of Wingham, Kent, to Mary Ann, eldest daughter of the late Mr. ThomasAbbott, Munno Para West.
South Australian Register Saturday 18 August 1855 page 2
She arrived in South Australia on February 14, 1837, with her parents, the late Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Abbott, in the JohnRenwick. They were 16 weeks on the voyage. She was born on January 16.,1835, at Burton, Northamptonshire, and has lived in South Australia, with the exception of six years spent on the Victorian goldfields from 1859 to 1868, ever since her arrival. She has attended the Glenelg celebrations, and was present when the Duke of York was at Glenelg. She has not been able to attend for four years. Her health is good, but travelling facilities are not convenient. Her name on the list of old colonists is Mrs. G. S. Turner, per John Renwick. Mr. Turner died in 1906, and she is now living at Reynella with her daughter.
The Register Friday 11 November 1921 page 8
The death of Mrs. Mary Ann Turner, relict of the late Mr. George S. Turner, which occurred at Reynella on Monday morning, removes another of the early pioneers of the State. Mrs. Turner who would have reached 92 years on the 16th of this present month, arrived in South Australia with her parents, the late Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Abbott, of Salisbury, in 1837, by the ship JohnRenwick. At that period there were only two children —a boy (who died about five years ago at the age of 89) and the deceased lady. In the course of time seven other children were born in South Australia, of which five now remain, all daughters. Another brother was drowned in Fiji. The Abbott family first settled at North Adelaide, and some time later went in for farming at Salisbury, and was the contractor for laying out the original Gawler road. Mrs. Turner was married in 1857, her husband being a farmer at Salisbury. In the gold-rush days of Victoria, Mr. and Mrs. Turner journeyed to Bendigo with two young children, and for three years Mr. Turner worked on a claim, which he eventually floated into a company. Returning to South Australia, Mr. Abbott [sic] once again took up farm work at Burton, two miles from Salisbury, and when the Happy Valley Reservoir was under construction he was employed on the staff. After the death of Mr. Turner, about 30 years ago, Mrs. Turner took up her residence at Reynella, and lived there right up to the time of her death. She was an ardent Methodist, and took an active part in church work, and had the honour conferred upon her of laying the foundation stone of the church at Burton, which town, by-the-way, was named after the village in England where her father lived prior to coming to Australia. Up till two years ago Mrs. Turner was a familiar figure at the annual gatherings of old colonists on the State's birthday at Glenelg, but increasing years made it impossible for her to undertake the journey any longer. Her health, however, remained good to almost the time of her death. Last year her sister, Mrs Mugg, died at the age of 88. Her surviving sisters, all widows, are Mesdames Priscilla Marshall (Maileny, Queensland), Edith Chaplin (Mile-End), Martha Goers (Parkside), Louise Smith (Goodwood, late of Jeperit, Victoria). Mrs.Turner's children are Mrs. Tom Turner (Reynella), Mrs. Charlotte Quick (Goodwood), and Mr. J. Turner (Gawler).
The Register Tuesday 11 January 1927 page 13
From MRS. G. S. TURNER:-The correspondence on early schools in The Register of August 7 and 16 is interesting to me, as an early colonist, having arrived in the JohnRenwick, 1837, with Mr. Giles Abbott (my grandfather) and his three sons, their wives and children. My father, Thomas Abbott, had a small cart made and drawn by a Newfoundland dog, and four of us children were taken to school each day (Mr. Hewett's) in Abbott's lane, 1839 and 1840. I am in my ninety-second year and living at Reynella. Miss Holbrook (not Holdbrook, Register, August 1) came with Governor Gawler, and had the infant school in Trinity, with Governor Gawler's daughters, and was a sister to Mrs. Dr. Davies, late Mrs. T. N. Turner (nee Holbrook) had charge of the Stockport Public School for many years. Miss Holbrook and I married brothers, T. N. and G. S. Turner, from England.
The Register 18 August 1926 page 19
ABBOTT, Hannah Renwick 1837 - 30 May 1875 in Streatham, Vic. Born at sea whilst on the voyage to Australia Married On the 31st ult., at the office of the Deputy-Registrar of Yatala, Mr. Lawrence Brooks, to Miss Hannah Renwick, second daughter of the late Thomas Abbott, Esq.
The Adelaide Observer Saturday 02 February 1856
BROOKES.— On the 30th May, at Streatham, Victoria, after a long and painful illness, Hannah Renwick, the beloved wife of Lawrence Brookes, and second daughter of the late Thomas Abbott, Salisbury.
South Australian Register Wednesday 30 June 1875 page 4
BACON, William Charles Francis, Mary Ann
BACON, William Charles Francis 1811 - Died in New Zealand Occupation Baker and Inn Keeper residing in Adelaide and Hindmarsh BACON, Mary Ann Born 1812 in England
1815 - 21 April 1875 at Burton, SA Born Croydon, Surrey, England BARTON.—On the 21 st April, at Burton, of cholera, Mr. GeorgeBarton, aged 59 years. A colonist of 38 years, and -respected by all who knew him. His end was peace. Occupations of Carter and Labourer, residing at Adelaide, Mount Pleasant and Burton.
BEALE, George, Mary Ann
BEAGLE, Mary Ann
BEAUCHAMP, John Arrived in Australia at the age of 16 years in the ship JohnRenwick, coming out under the guardianship of the late Mr. W. H. Gray, of the Reedbeds, near Adelaide. Married in 1851 and the couple resided on the late Mr. Binnie's station, near Border Town, and it was during their stay there that the late Mr. Tolmer went through from Victoria with the first escort to Adelaide from the goldfields. They then removed from the Tatiara after a short residence to Robe, which was than the coming town in the South-East, and Mr. Beauchamp started a butchering business there. Bat he had not been long in business when he caught the gold fever, and he and his wife started off with a team of horses en route to the diggings in Victoria, but on reaching Narracoorte the horses were stolen, and were never again recovered. They therefore settled at Naracoorte in the year 1861, and Mr. Beauchamp started butchering in conjunction with farming. Mr. Beauchamp was the first bailiff of the Narracoorte Local Court, and resided here till the year of his death some 36 years ago.
The Narracoorte Herald Tuesday 07 May 1912 page 2
BERKELEY, Charles, Martha Snell CHAUNCY
BERKELEY, Charles Died 26 January 1856 in Portland, Vic. Occupations of Policeman, Landowner and Government Official residing at Magill and Benefield. Colonial Secretary's Office, April 27, 1850. His Excellency the Lientenant-Governor has been pleased to appoint CharlesBerkeley, Esq., Acting Inspector of Polioe, to be one of her Majesty's Justices of the Peace for the Province of South Australia. By his Excellency's command, CHAS. STURT, Colonial Secretary.
South Australian Register Friday 03 May 1850 page 3
DIED, On the 27th January 1856, at his residence, Stockade, CAPTAIN BERKELEY, J.P., Sub Inspector of Police. Notice.—The friends of the late Captain Berkeley, Sub-Inspector of Police, are invited to accompany his remains from his residence, at the Government Stockade, to the place of interment, To-morrow, at 4 o'clock, p.m.
DEATH OF CAPTAIN BERKELEY.—The Portland Guardian of the 28th inst. contains a paragraph announcing the death of Captain Berkeley, sub-inspector of police for that district, on the previous Saturday, from diarrhoea. Captain Berkeley was for some years chief inspector of the Adelaide police, and in 1852 came to this colony and received an appointment in the force here.
The Argus Thursday 31 January 1856 page 5
DEATH-We have the painful duty of announcing the decease, last evening, of Captain Berkeley, sub-inspector of police. Captain Berkeley was suffering from diarrhoea some some days before, but was able to be out on Saturday ; was taken worse on that evening, and died about out seven o'clock yesterday evening. BERKELEY, Martha Snell nee CHAUNCY PORTRAIT PAINTINGS.--We have had an opportunity of inspecting some first rate specimens of painting in oil, from the brush of Mrs. Berkeley, widow of the late Captain Berkeley Inspector of Police in this town. These pictures, both landscapes and portraits evince a highly accomplished taste and talent, on the part of Mrs. Berkeley. We understand that Mrs. Berkeley intends to give herself to the practise of Portrait Painting and other branches of the elegant art, as a profession. Parties desirous of gratifying a taste for the fine arts, and of encouraging at the same time a praiseworthy effort on the part of Mrs. Berkeley of turning her superior talents to account in supporting a family left suddenly destitute by the decease of Captain Berkeley, will do well to entrust that lady with the necessary instructions. Mrs. Berkeley reside at present at the Stockade.
Portland Guardian and Normanby General Advertiser Friday 07 March 1856 page 1
The will of the late Mrs. Martha Snell Berkeley, late of Winkfield, Prospect Hill road, Camberwell, who died on the 7th ult., is being proved by the Trustees, Executors, and Agency Company Limited. The estate in Victoria is valued at £3,467 12/2, being realty £2,162 and personalty £1,305/12/2. Testatrix bequeaths her estate to her children and grandchildren.
The Australasian Saturday 05 August 1899 page 37
BLACK, Robert, Elizabeth ANDERSON, David, John, William/Peter, Elizbeth Ann
Courtesy of the State Library of South Australia
BLACK, Robert 1813 - aft 1871
Occupations of Plumber, Glazier, Painter and Policeman Resided Adelaide, Prospect and Thebarton.
BLACK, Elizabeth nee ANDERSON
BLACK, David 1831 -
BLACK, John 1833 - Mr. John Black, second son of the late Robert Black, and father of Mr. J. Back, manager of the Princess Royal, is a very old colonist, having arrived in S.A. in 1836, in the ship John Renwick. He is 70 years of age, enjovs excellent health, and is far more nimble now than many younger ones.
Burra Record Wednesday 08 July 1903 page 3
BLACK, William/Peter 1835 -
BLACK, Elizabeth Ann Born 1837 on the voyage out to Australia or soon after landing
BOND, Philip Thomas, Caroline Hatton NEATE, Philip Stephen
BOND, Philip Thomas Carpenter residing at Adelaide
BOND, Caroline Hatton nee NEATE
BONE, Philip Stephen 1836 - 1839
BREEZE, Robert Smith, Jane
1810 - 04 May 1849 Buried Walkerville, SA - no headstone Occupations of Builder, Bricklayer and Contractor residing at North Adelaide, SA Died at his residence, North Adelaide, after a short illness of brain fever, Mr R. C. Breeze, an old colonist, deeply regretted by a large circle of friends.
Gentlemen — Observing in your Register of yesterday a notice respecting the death of my late friend R. S. Breeze, I think it right to state to you that you have been incorrectly informed as to the particulars of his treatment during his illness. No medicine was withheld from him on account of his teetotal principles, nor were there, as far as I know, even alluded to. Neither am I aware that any religious ensetment of an objectionable nature was practised. At the time he supposed himself dying, and when those about him were of the same opinion, there was much expression of confidence, and even joy, in the prospect he had of meeting his Saviour; but over such scenes as these surely common kindness and decency would throw a veil. Owing to the illness of Mrs Breeze, I generally took the orders from the medicals tendaots, and saw that they were carried out ; and I am fully satisfied that everything was done which skill and kindness could suggest for his recovery. As I knew the paragraph in question is considered by many as calculated to wound the feeling of Mr Breezs's relatives and friends, and otherwise to do an injury, I trust you will insert a contradiction, for which you have full liberty to use my name. I remain, yours truly, J. B. Hack. North Adelaide, May 10, 1849.
The South Australian Register Saturday 12 May 1849 page 3
A rather novel application was made to the Commissioner of Insolvent Estates. About fourteen years ago Mr. RobertSmithBreeze, of North Adelaide, builder, became insolvent, and in 1849 he died, leaving all his property to his wife. He bad obtained his certificate of discharge from tho Insolvency Court in 1841, and strange to say, although there were considerable assets in the estate, not a single creditor proved his claim, and Mrs. Breeze consequently considered that she had the best claim to the assets. The Court thought so too, and granted an order directing the Official Assignee to pay over the sum of £183 10s. in his bands belonging to tho estate of the deceased, and to convoy to her certain freehold property at present vested in him.
The Courier Hobart Friday 07 May 1858 page 2
BREEZE, Jane 1803 - 14 May 1877 BREEZE.—Died on the 15th May 1877, at Abbott street, North Adelaide, Mrs. Jane Breeze.
CHAMBERS Benjamin, Emily
CHAMBERS, Benjamin 1808 - 16 May 1852 Occupations of Labourer and Farmer residing at Cherry Gardens and Sturt Valley Buried Brighton Cemetery - no headstone
CHAMBERS, Emily Died 19 March 1892
Buried Brighton St. Jude's Anglican Cemetery
CHAMBERS, Catherine REDIN 06 August 1836 - 20 June 1875
Wife of James CHAMBERS who arrived in 1837 per Coromandel - it appears she came to South Australian and may have returned to England multiple times. Buried North Road Anglican Cemetery
CHAMBERS.-- Died on the 20th June 1875, at her residence, Montefiore Hill, North Adelaide, Catherine, widow of the late James Chambers, aged 65 years. Buried North Road Cemetery
SUDDEN DEATH.—We Mrs. JamesChambers regret to announce on Sunday that the colonist died suddenly of heart disease. The deceased lady was an old colonist, and relict of the late Mr. James Chambers, under whose auspices Stuart, the explorer, undertook several of his expeditions into the Far North.
Evening Journal Tuesday 22 June 1875 page 2
CHAMBERS, John, Mary REDIN
CHAMBERS, John 1815 - 26 September 1899
Buried North Road Cemetery John came out in February 1837, in the JohnRenwick, and with his brother opened up a vast extent of country by furnishing funds for the famous explorer, John McDouall Stuart, who ought to have a statue to his memory, for he was a man of great achievement, and a bushman par excellence.
The familiar form of Mr. John Chambers has been missing for a considerable time, but although the adage " Out of sight, out of mind" is too often applicable, we are sure it is not here appropriate. In a few days the veteran colonist will have attained his jubilee, he having arrived in Adelaide early in February, 1837, in the JohnRenwick. His brother and partner, the late Mr. James Chambers, landed in 1836. The names of both were like household words in the early days of the colony, but they have since gained world-wide celebrity by their pluck and enterprise in organizing the masterly exploring expeditions of the late Mr. John McDouall Stuart. The sole survivor, Mr. John Chambers, who is 71 years of age, was too ill to attend the late Old Colonists' demonstration, but the following week he was taken to inspect the relics in the Town Hall, as he avowed his determination to see them even if he were carried there. On October 12 last Mr. and Mrs, John Chambers celebrated their golden wedding at their residence at Richmond, on the Bay-road, The guests, who were limited to blood relations and those related immediately by marriage, numbered about fifty, including several well known colonists. The number would have been even larger but for the unavoidable absence of relatives in distant parts. Appropriate toasts were proposed and honoured. The weather was fine, and a very happy reunion was spent. Mrs. Chambers, notwithstanding her age—74—was in her ordinary health, hale and hearty, and Mr. Chambers was better than usual. A permanent record of the gathering the whole party were photographed together during the afternoon. The group were distributed in natural array in front of the family mansion, with the numerous olive branches in the foreground, while in the centre Mr. Chambers was seated between Mrs. Chambers and bis sister, Mrs. Barker, the picture forming a fitting momento of a memorable occasion.
Evening Journal Tuesday 01 February 1887 page 2
CHAMBERS, Mary nee REDIN 1812 - 24 March 1904 Buried North Road Cemtery The death is announced of Mrs. Chambers, relict of Mr. John Chambers. The couple came to South Australia in the year 1837 in the ship JohnRenwick. Mr. Chambers was a companion of the late John McDouall Stuart in his exploration of the Australian continent, and he died in 1887. Mrs. Chambers passed away at Hyde Park, and was in her 92nd year.
The Advertiser Friday 25 March 1904 page 4
CHAUNCY, Theresa Susannah Eunice Snell The author of the letter, which is subjoined, was Miss Theresa Chauncey, who came to South Australia in the JohnRenwick by which vessel Mr. Tucker, the father of the Mayor of Adelaide, was also a passenger. He still lives and is able to speak very clearly of the incidents immediately subsequent to the arrival of the vessel. Captain Berkeley, who married Miss Chauncey's sister, was a military officer, and he joined the South Australian police. On August 15, 1839 he was appointed inspector under the late Captain Tolmer who had been temporarily made Commissioner of Police and Police Magistrate in succession to Captain Dashwood, R.N. Afterwards Captain Berkeley held office in the Victorian police, being stationed on the gold fields in that colony at the time Captain Tolmer established his famous gold escort. Miss Chauncey became the wife of Captain Walker, who was well known by early residents, and being left a widow she married Mr. Herbert Poole. Most of the names mentioned in the letter are those of men who have made their mark on the scroll of South Australian history. The letter runs thus :— "South Australia, 15th (13th) February, 1837. "My dear Father—On the 9th this month we anchored safely on these shores after the most favorable passage ever known. I should certainly have written to you during our voyage if we had spoken any ship near enough to take a letter on board, but we only spoke to four, I think, and but one of them bound for London. So few incidents occurred on board and none of any interest that I did not commence my journal till we were in sight of Kangaroo Island ou the 5th. What observations I have made during that time I now send you and shall continue a journal for you. I must certainly continue that here. I feel certain from what I have seen it is the climate and place you would like. I suffered with sickness very much for the first month, but soon after that and ever since I have been better than ever I was. The warmth agrees with me, and I have never jet found it too warm, even crossing the line. We had not above a day or two of calm;—at a time—and I think never quite stationary more than a few hours altogether. We did not put in anywhere. Saw St. Antonia at a distance and also Trinidad. We had fresh meat on the table every day with the exception only of one or two days, and fresh soup, either mock turtle, gravy, or beef every day, with made dishes, curries, &c, and fruit tarts. We have plenty of currants and gooseberries now, and dried apples, Normandy pippins, potatoes, also, twice within a fortnight. Our filter has been of great value to us. I should recommend everyone to bring a filter with them. "It was exactly three months to a day when we saw the land at King George's Sound (93 days). We had then a contrary wind which detained us a week, but on February 5 we saw Kangaroo Island. It was a lovely morning and the sun rose over it as it appeared in sight, a most welcome sight to us all. We saw Althorpe's Island and the mainland on the other side as we entered Investigator's Straits, sailing beautifully but at five knots an hour only. When we had proceeded about 30 miles along the coast we saw smoke rising, which was supposed to be a signal from someone who had seen us. It was answered by one of the guns being fired. The cliffs appeared about 300 ft in height and covered with wood very dark, in the evening the ship lay to near land about two miles from the shore as we could not get round into Nepean Bay on account of an extensive shoal. Early on the morning of the 6th we continued our course, but the wind being contrary were obliged to tack all day between Cape Jervis and the island. Could not get round the shoal that night, but cast anchor. About 10 o'clock next morning we saw a boat from shore to meet us, which afforded us all much pleasure. It contained five sailors. They came from the settlement, and one of them acted as pilot and took us safely round the shoal early on the morning of the 7th when we again anchored as near to the land as possible about a mile and a half off. They informed us the 'William Hutt had struck on the shoal but sustained no injury. The Tam O' Shanter had 'struck previously on going into the harbor on the main land by an accident and is condemned in consequence of being much damaged. It is now used as a store ship in Port Adelaide. Soon after breakfast Captain Berkeley, with J. Oakden, went ashore in the whaleboat the sailors came in. They took provisions and their guns and we the three ladies were to follow with Captain Lamington as soon as they had made a signal that the landing was good. We soon saw the flag hoisted and descended the ship's side with delight into our little boat, anticipating the pleasure of a walk. The day was very fine and warm, but we had not proceeded far when the captain 'thought it not safe to go on as there was such a heavy swell in the sea and our boat was small and leaking a good deal so we returned to the ship much disappointed and quite wet. The captain went afterwards by himself in another boat to see what sort of landing it was first. We went on shore next morning with 13 Cashmere goats and a settler and also two gentlemen who had come on board from the Company. We were received by Mr. Bears and Mr. Stevens. They had prepared a dinner for us the day before. The land rises gradually from the beach, which is of sand with shells, and which is thickly covered, to the water's edge almost, with the most beautiful evergreen shrubs, some growing out of the sand. I gathered 13 different specimens of the shrubs, nearly all of which had a fine aromatic smell and taste. The teatree and gum are the largest. The distant park woods on the higher hills added great beauty to the landscape, but the bush is so thick as to be almost impenetrable, and extends no one knows how far inland. None of the settlers have yet passed it, though one said the open plains were within four miles, but Captain Berkeley and some other gentlemen of our party after scrambling over trunks of trees and through thick bush for seven or eight miles saw no end to it. Another person said the plains were 40 miles off, and another that there were no plains at all, which I think is as probable as not, or if they do exist they are as such distance as not to be of any use for many years to come. We went into several of the huts and tents. They are mostly thatched with teatree (why so called I cannot tell). They have commenced building, and the site of Mr. Stevens's house is beautiful. It is on a gentle slope, with evergreen shrubs for about half a mile, and then the whole extent of the bank shoals and Nepean Bay in the distance. We took refreshments in Mr. Stevens's tent and had some cold ham, pickles, porter, wine, cheese, and raspberry tart. We took a little walk through the shrubs with Mr. Stevens, Mr. Beare, and a German gentleman, and Mr. Hare. We soon came to a little open spot they had cleared, which could not but excite a melancholy feeling amidst the life and beauty which surrounds us. It was a graveyard, for death had already been among them. There were but two graves, one a man who had been drowned; the other has a well cut stone placed at the head and foot with his name, W. Howlett , of Acton, painted on it. We saw no snakes and they are not numerous. We then walked along the beach to meet our boat; collected shells and sponge, of which there is plenty on this coast by diving about two fathoms. None is good that is washed up. They have goats, rabbits, turkeys, geese. &c, but no cattle. I saw parrots, ducks, pelicans, and other birds. There are no kangaroos on the island. There is no water nearer to this station the company have chosen than nine miles, and they are obliged to fetch it in boats, but the German having just found good water within a mile they will soon have a supply from thence. We were so delighted with our ramble that we had prolonged the time allowed us to four hours instead of one, and on arriving on the ship found the captain in no very good humor at having been obliged to wait so long for us. "The ship was under weigh and we immediately proceeded towards St. Vincent's Gulf, which we entered before night. Towards morning the wind died away. We sailed slowly at no great distance from the shore, and by 10 o'clock we descried four ships at anchor in the bay. They were the Buffalo. Coromandel, Rapid, and Cygnet. We anchored near them, and immediately a boat was sent from the Buffalo with the Governor's secretary and Captain Hindmarsh's son. They remained about two hours, and gave us themost pleasing accounts of the country, but said we should so soon see it and judge for our selves that they would leave us to do so. The weather is most salubrious and delightful, and the sunset this evening (?9th) in the greatest splendor. I never saw (not even in the tropics) such rich colors of orange, crimson, and blue as the clouds assumed, and the sunset in all sorts of shapes, one square another a pyramid caused by the refraction from below the horizon. The twilight is short and as it grew dark we perceived immense fires on the shore as we lay about two miles off. They increased and soon the whole country for several miles in extent was on fire, forming circles and semicircles from the plains to the top of the hills. It looked very beautiful, and we could feel the warmth and smell the fragrance of the aromatic shrubs and gum trees. It was the first quarter of the moon, and we are informed the natives always light these fires at the new moon. Captain Berkeley went on shore to see Mr. Brown. There was a party of natives under a tree close to Mr. Brown's tent, about 40 with their wives and children. They are perfectly harmless. They had been staying there for some days. Mrs. B says they will come into the tent, look at everything, but do not attempt to steal. They seem much pleased with us and very friendly, and have learned many English words. They do not annoy the settlers in the least, one of them fearlessly went on board the Buffalo and they dressed him from head to foot, and as the sailors say 'rigged him out in fine style.' They have very small countenances, are small, and look half starved. A woman came on board to us, but she was the wife of an English sailor who had lived on Kangaroo Island. " By 7 o'clock in the morning Mr. Brown and Mr. Morphett came on board on business. I went on shore soon after with my sister, Mr. Wyatt, Oakden, and Field. The beach is a very fine white sand, hard close to the water, and then rises to hillocks of deep loose sand with shrubs growing in it. It would be excellent for making glass. When we had passed these little banks of sand which do not extend above a quarter of a mile, we entered a fine open plain, with beautiful trees scattered over it looking very green, also some shrubs, although at the end of a hot summer. The stores and a few huts and tents are erected at the entrance of the plain, and we walked on about three quarters of a mile to where many of the settlers had pitched their tents. It appeared like a beautiful park. Some of the trees were large and old. They were chiefly the sheoak and teatree and gum and several others we do not know. There went wild strawberries. raspberries, and a sort of cranberry. Mrs. B. has made tarts with them all. The kangaroos are scarce, and some has been sold at 1s. a pound. We saw flocks of green and- crimson parrots. They are plentiful and very good eating; also the bronze-winged pigeon, cockatoos black-and-crimson and white-and yellow. The natives eat rats, snakes, or any thing they can find. They come to shake hands very friendly, and one nursed Mrs. Cotter's child. They ask for biscuit, and say good-night, which they know to be a sort of salutation, so say it at any time. There was a woman buried last night who came in the Coromandel. A party of natives attended and seemed very much affected, putting up their hands, and an old man whom they call Ginykin (?Grinykin) —their chief we think— wept. Mrs. B. supposed by their sudden departure during the night that they were afraid of the evil spirit that might come to take the dead. They are very superstitious and very idle, lying under a tree all day, but in the evening they have a dance or merry-making they call corobory. The men only dance while the women sat on the ground beating with sticks. One of the first things we noticed on entering the settlement was that truly English custom ; I mean several printed bills, one a caution and the other a reward. The caution was a high fine on any person found giving spirits or wine to the natives. The reward was £5 for the discovery of a person who had already transgressed the orders and done so, and there were several others pasted about on the gum trees. We happened to land on the day of the first public meeting that was held, and that was to decide finally on the site of Adelaide, whether it should be at the Port or six miles inland on account of the superiority of the land. The latter resolution was carried, and the town is to be built on the banks of the river, about six miles from Port Adelaide, where there will also be some buildings, store houses, docks, &c, and a canal or railroad (the latter, I believe) was proposed to run between. The water is good at Adelaide and plentiful, and the site, I am told, is most beautiful, being a gentle slope at no great distance from Mount Lofty. The harbor is good and will admit ships of 500 tons. There are no stones to be found on the land anywhere. Mr. Brown, Mr. Gillies, and most of the people here will remove to Adelaide immediately before the winter sets in, for they are too low to remain in tents or rough huts in winter. Many are already there. Snakes are not numerous, as Mrs. B, who has been here three months, has seen but one, and that the natives were eating having baked it. We walked about the park and saw a flock of sheep. There are a great many sheep already brought. We returned to the ship at sunset, and were invited to spend next day with Mrs. Cotter and take a walk to the fresh-water lagoon. The steward of the Africaine lost himself in the woods. His skeleton has since been found. There are numbers of hawks, so that a bird can scarcely be picked up if at any distance after being shot without their being down upon it. There fore it is the interest of everyone to shoot them as fast as they can. "February 11th.—We dined with Mrs. Cotter and had some excellent fish, a sort of garfish. They are in great quantity here, (and are better than whiting—l think) also a leg of mutton. There was a dance in the evening under a large tent, or rather made of one of the sails of the ship which Captain Chesser put up for the purpose of inviting Coromandel emigrants from "Coromandel village', as they call the assemblage of . . . . they are in till the wooden ones are built in Adelaide. We walked round with him. Then the ladies and gentle men joined in the dancing and we spent a very pleasant evening. It. was a beautiful moonlight night, and between the dances we walked out without the least fear of taking cold. The air is so dry and pure. I danced all the evening. Among the gentlemen were the Hon. Charles Mann, Mr. Powis, Lieutenant Field, and his brother, Mr. Morphett Duthe, and a Mr. Kingston, who dresses himself like a brigand of the woods (I suppose he knows the dress suits his person), but most of the gentlemen were gone to Adelaide. We had refreshments in Mrs. Cotter's tent, and intended returning to the ship for the night, but after waiting for the boat till 12 o'clock (which could not come) it was agreed we should stay all night. Mr. Mann gave up his tent to Mr. and Mrs. Wyatt, and my sister and myself (for Captain Berkeley and Mr. Brown were gone to Adelaide) crept into Mrs. Brown's tent without awakening them, for she and Miss B. had been gone to bed some time. Mr. Morphett conducted us to the tent, and we very quietly walked in and went to bed on two sofas she made up. Some noise we made woke up Mrs. Brown. She had asked us, but thought as it was so late we had gone on board. We all rose early, with parrots chirping over our heads, and break fasted with Mrs. Brown. The coffee mill is nailed to a tree outside the tent, and the roaster stands close by the side. The fire for cooking is on the ground close by. The fresh branches of gum trees burn like dry wood; firing at all will cost us nothing for many years. Each family has erected their tent under a tree and dug a well by the side of it. There must be at least a dozen wells among them, for water can be had for digging about 6 ft. all over the plains called Glenelg. The distance from the town to the great River Murray is about 30 miles. It is two miles wide at the mouth and falls into Lake Alexandrina, which is other- wise a saltmarsh or little better. The ground does not appear cracked or parched. The trees are generally from fifty to a few hundred feet apart and mostly without any bush between. There are plenty of stores of every description here already, the price of beef and pork at the stores now is 6d. a lb, sugar 4d., rum 7d. a bottle ; tea has been sold at 1s 6d., but good is about 2s 6d, flour £(?) 1s. a barrel. As yet there is no stated price for fresh meat, as several persons kill a sheep as it is wanted and send round. The Isabella arrived last night with a large quantity of stock on board (oxen, sheep, &c) from Launceston, and (??) will return on Monday for more. Mr. Hack and family was on board. He is a rich Quaker. They left London about five weeks before we did. February 12, 1837.—A cutter has arrived belonging to the company, with provisions and stock, also another vessel, the John Pirie. There are at present ten vessels lying here and two more are expected shortly. As we have wine without any duty on it there is no scarcity of sherry or port. The average height of the thermometer is from 90 to 100", but the atmosphere is so light and clear that the surveyors who are at work on the woods say they do not feel it oppressive as at much lower in England and ....but bright. The evenings are very cool with a fine sea breeze. It is only when the wind is from the north that the heat is oppressive and disagreeable. The prevailing wind is south-west, and many of the trees are bent in the opposite direction. Two or three persons have commenced making a collection of insects, birds, &c, for a museum which is to belong to the colony. They are in great variety and some unknown in England I have seen some beautiful moths. Mr. Cotter has brought from the Cape the sugar cane,pine apple, banana, orange, vine, and several other very valuable plants and shrubs, which are all flourishing. I saw them yesterday. The pineapple potato we also have. It is a valuable plant, the root and fruit are both good. Almost everyone who has come out has brought a quantity of seeds of every description. I suppose there is not a vegetable we have in England but what the seed or root is here. Some have been sown and came up very quickly. Captain Berkeley and we all ate some potatoes planted only nine weeks ago at Rapid Bay, where Colonel Light is stationed. "The town acres it is supposed will sell at about 20 pound .Such is the spirit and energy manifested for the rapid improvement that Mr. Stevens, the Company's banking agent, has offered to advance £400,000 if the Commissioners will furnish laborers. This is the country that many of our friends in England are kind enough to think we are half starved in and undergoing great hardships. Let them try it, that is all. Never was a colony founded under such auspicious circumstances—a colony where so many pioneers have settled with their families around them ; the proportion is two to three on the whole. We would recommend every person coming out to bring with them plenty of green gauze. It is useful for the flies, and gentlemen wear veils out in the sun. I think anyone who would bring an omnibus (with horses from the Cape) to run between the Port and Adelaide would soon make a little fortune. We have nothing yet but wagons and oxen and a few horses. Last Wednesday we were invited by Captain Chesser to dine on board the Coromandel with a party of ladies and gentlemen. There were present Captain and Mrs. Berkeley, Mr. and Mrs. Wyatt, and Mr. and Mrs Cotter, Mrs. and Miss Brown, Miss Malpas, myself, Lieutenant Phillips of the Buffalo and Mrs. French. Captain Chesser provided. We had some excellent ox-tail soup, fresh salmon (preserved); fine London fresh carrots, as good as if they had just been dug up, also preserved tongue, beef pie, boiled beef, and plum pudding, with some made dishes, raisins from the Cape, and some fine Constantia. Fish are so plentiful that they have caught five dozen in a morning on board the Rapid. If we like to leave the ship and stay at Glenelg till our house is erected at Adelaide Captain Chesser has offered us the use of the tent he put up for the dance, which will be very comfortable. Captain Berkeley has bought the wood of the emigrants cabins between deck to make our house with, as it is well seasoned and plenty of it. We had about 130 on board. We have had two very sudden deaths—one during the passage of a man named Shand who was a drunkard and dropt down in his cabin, and before the doctor could be called he was dead; another since our arrival named Emery, who had a wife and six children wholly dependent on him. He went on shore on Saturday in defiance of orders which had not yet arrived from the Commissioner to land him and next morning he was found quite dead between Glenelg and Port Adelaide. He also drank too much and had on leaving the ship come up to the cuddy door and denied Mr. Wyatt's authority to detain him on board. Mr. Wyatt said 'Recollect you go without my leave.' His poor wife is greatly to be pitied. "February 16.—The harbormaster. Captain Lipson, came on board to take the ship up the creek into the harbor. He thought the ship was not too large to pass the bar but, however, at about 5 o clock she went aground and we lay hard and fast in the sand. Fortunately the weather was so calm that she lay quite still. They had seen us from the Buffalo and by 9 o'clock Lieutenant Phillips arrived to order the assistance of the Rapid it required to get her of. The captain thought it would be better to let the Rapid come up in case of bad weather, so three guns were fired. They answered with a blue light and Lieutenant Phillips stayed on board all night and we lay very still. In the morning the Rapid with Lieutenant Field lightened our cargo considerably, and we hope to get off with the next high tide, when I shall continue my journal on the subject. One of our men has just caught 23 fish in half an hour. They are quite thick in the water, and there an plenty of sharks too. The water is so beautifully clear that the bottom can be seen at fathoms so clearly that I could see the shapes of the bright green weed which covered it like a carpet at three fathoms or more. I have bathed on the coast but was afraid of going out far on account of the sharks. We have no fishermen here yet, and one would make a good thing of it who would establish a fishery for oysters &c, and bring out plenty of nets. One of them can obtain the fish. Whoever comes out should bring plenty of cord and string and nails, we have very little, also pewter articles and jugs would be very useful. We have for ourselves secured a good supply of preserved meat, soup, and gooseberries, raspberries, and currants, apples, &c, from the ship, also lime juice and a cask of beef and pork, which is the best certainly that can be. Everyone says they never ate such fine beef and pork as has been put on board this ship ; we have wine also and almonds and raisins, which latter we pay nothing for. The captain gave them. There was a large sack of ..... Our apples are dried Normandy pippins in packets. Pigs are wanted and donkeys would be useful. ' Mrs. Hindmarsh and three daughters are living on board the Buffalo till their house is built at Adelaide, and three other ladies are also on board. There are several individuals of wealth and family here, I don't know how many Honorables. Captain Berkeley has had a little appointment offered him, but as it is chiefly out on surveys, he will not accept it. He is sure there are not above one or two really good surveyors who understand their business. I think Philip would do well in it and William also. I have no doubt of it. I hope they will come. We have cockatoo soup and parrot pie. I have now, though most irregularly, given you and my dear mother all the information I can of the present state of things in our colony. I shall probably write again, or Martha will by this ship. As she can say nothing more than I have now it would be useless for her to write. I would wish very much if you would get several copies written of this journal, which I would request you to set in a little order for me, as I have written in such a hurry, deducting any tautology, &c, and send it to the following persons:—To save trouble this letter might be sent to dear Philip, and then I should like it to be forwarded to Lieutenant Pullen, Coastguard Station, Dun- list, for I have not time to copy it by this conveyance, which is the lsabella to Hobart Town. If he were here I have no doubt he would immediately obtain some appointment, for no expense is spared to make the settlement a well-ordered and prosperous one. A small trading boat between this and Launceston (which is only six days' sail) is much wanted. A watchmaker is wanted. Mr. William Pullen is out on a survey near Adelaide, and I have not yet seen him to deliver the letter I have for him. There was another letter for him which Captain Berkeley found in a packet committed to his care. I wish a copy of it to be sent to Western Slade particularly (it may be of use), Mr. Solly, 48. Great Ormond-street. requesting him to forward it to Mrs. Sykes and Miss Wheat, Norwood, near Sheffield, Yorkshire. The Rev. F Layton, Duncan-street, Islington, requesting him to forward it to Captain Robert Gamber. Dr. Thompson, Colonel Newberry, Mr. Heath, Miss Gye, and any others he may like—the more the better. To Captain Potter for Miss Potter, York-street, Gosport; Mr. Thornley, 4, Bath-place, Newroad; Mrs. 'Austin, 6, Bloomsbury-square; Mrs. Luequet, 45, Charlotte-street. Portland-place; Miss liandham, 17, Carlton-place, Southampton; Mr. Greene, care of Mr. J. McCormack, 147, Strand ; Mr. Snell if you think proper, and the Isle of Man. I do not know if it is worth printing, but the more who hear of us the better, if you would arrange properly, omitting what is not necessary for strangers. "February 17. 1837-—The ship has now got off the shoal, but in half an hour was stuck fast again at low water closer to the shore, where mangroves are growing out of the water. " February 18, 1837.—This morning we went on shore with Lieutenant Phillips and Captain Berkeley and Mr. Wyatt to see some wells that had been dug in the sand between Glenelg and Port Adelaide; took some wine and biscuits; sat under a sheaoak; lit a fire, which burned all down a glen of sand covered with bushes and grass, close to the seaside, and spent a very pleasant morning; found the water very good. Lieutenant Phillips wished to ascertain if there were water enough in the well for the Buffalo. It comes in but slowly, but in the space of two or three days a great quantity could be obtained. It was excellent water about 5 ft. from the surface. We were the first ladies who had set foot in these woods for a picnic party. Captain Berkeley had his gun, and shot a beautiful bird on the beach. It was brown-and-white with a small, slender, long bill and webbed feet. He shot a pelican also, but it got off. We returned to the ship to dinner, and passed the Africaine sailing out of the harbor. Our anchors and cables and planks for houses had been thrown overboard to lighten the ship and all hands were employed collect ing them to take on shore. I can scarcely describe this place to you but the spot we are is marked in the charts Sturt's River. No sketch has ever-been made of it. Lieutenant Phillips commenced one the other day. It is not a river, but a sort of creek, which runs up for 15 ft. of water, so that she is too large to come up so far, but Captain Lipson, the harbormaster, who is there on board, says she is not, but that there is plenty of water for ships if brought through the right place, but he has not yet had time to place the buoys properly. We can go up, he says, to the end of the creek. There is an excellent harbor. He believes the Buffalo intends coming up, which is a much larger ship than ours. The William Hutt is now quite at the end of the creek. Several fine schnapper were caught to-day about the size of large cod fish (I think they are better than cod), also plenty of mullet and two small sharks. During the voyage we saw two whales, and caught two albatrosses, one brown and one white, which measured 9 ft. from wing to wing. Flying fish also came on board. They are very fine eating, and we had bonita and albacore. The albatrosses were so numerous that we saw some dozens at a time about the ship. They float in the air most beautifully without moving their wings except to turn or rise from, the water. The phosphorescent light in the Indian Ocean is more splendid than I can describe Sometimes at night the whole extent as far as the horizon seemed like waves of fire that we were floating through. The flying fish fly in shoals and are the size of a herring, their wings are like gauze. Dolphins were also caught, which change to such beautiful colors as they die. We saw great numbers of stormy petrels and Cape pigeons. I have now neither room nor time to write more. The Isabella sails tomorrow. I wish Mr. Layton would send us out a couple of good servant girls; ask him and his wife. We have two very useful men, but shall want a woman, for the girl we brought has proved a thief. I hope Mr. Weston will do his best to procure us money for that reversion, and send it as soon as possible. We beg to be kindly remembered to him and all friends who may enquire of us also. I am, my dear father, Your affectionate daughter,
The Advertiser Tuesday 28 December 1897 page 5
COOMBE / COMBE, Frances
CRAIG, Lindsay, Mary
CRISPE Clement, Indiana Maxwell MOXON, Thomas Bagnold, Georgina, Indiana
Clement and Indiana Crispe, arrived in Encounter, Bay in the ship John Renwick, which was the second vessel to reach these shores with immigrants, on February 10, 1837. They had come from County Kent, where the Crispes were a well-known family. Owing to the want of proper accommodation ashore, Mrs. Crispe remained on the ship for the birth of her child. Mrs. Reuter was regarded as having been born in South Australia, and was, therefore, the third child to be born in the province, and the second girl. She was the third child of the Crispe family. which numbered four boys and four girls. One of her brothers was known as the 'Silver King,' from his fortunate connection with the earliest days of Broken Hill silver mines. Another brother was the late Mr. Edwin Crispe, the well-known stock salesman, of Adelaide.
The Register Saturday 31 July 1915 page 10
CRISPE, Clement 1804 - 25 November 1857 at Gawler River, SA Died at his residence, Backland, Gawler River, SA aged 53 years
CRISPE, Indianna Maxwell nee MOXON Died 18 September 1881
This was a case arising out of a settlement of certain land, to wit, Town Acre No. 438, section No. 65, and other property made on May 21, 1841, on Clement Crispe and William Wainright in trust for Indianna Crispe, the wife of the said Clement Crispe. The fasts were shortly as follows: — In 1841 certain money was sent out to Clement Crispe and William Wainwright to invest in land for the benefit of IndiannaCrispe and her children. Land was bought, and Crispe and Wain right, who settled it on Mr. Crispe, made themselves trustees. In 1852 Wainwright and Crispe effected to convey the fee simple of the property to Clement Crispe, and having done so Crispe mortgaged it. After his death his wife took possession of the property, and further mortgaged it, and subsequently on May 18, 1869, she brought the land under the Real Property Act. In 1877 she became insolvent, and died in 1881. Mr. Barlow now contended that if a proper search had been made by the Real Property authorities at the time the application to bring it under that Act was made by Mrs. Crispe in 1869, the settlement of May 21, 1841, which had been duly registered, would have discovered, and no certificate would have been issued, as Mrs. Crispe evidently had only a life estate in the property. He now claimed £1,600 damages from the assuranee fund on behalf of the children of the late Mrs. Crispe. The learned counsel having argued the merits of the case. . The court intimated without further evidence it was not clear whether the money sent out in 1841 was impressed with the children's trust — they held that there was no evidence that Mrs. Crispe assented to the settlement, but the case should stand over for eight months to enable Mr. Barlow to obtain evidence that the money that had been invested in the purchase of the section was impressed with similar trusts to those contained in the settlement; meanwhile the role must , be discharged with costs.
Australian Weekly Chronicle Saturday 02 September 1882 page 12
Buried Crystal Brook, SA
CRISPE, Thomas Bagnold Died 06 May 1889 at Adelaide, SA
Resided Gawler, SA
CRISPE. —On the 5th May, at Adelaide, Thomas Bagnold Crispe, of Gawler, aged 55 years.
Evening Journal Wednesday 08 May 1889 page 2
An inquest on the body of Thomas Crisp, who was found dead in his bed on Sunday morning, was held by Dr. Whittell at the Elephant and Castle Hotel on Monday afternoon. The evidence adduced showed that the deceased was 55 years of age and his vocation was that of a mining expert. He was a resident of Gawler, but on the night of his death was lodging at the Family Hotel. In the morning he was discovered dead by a man named Cookson. Dr. Poulton, who made a post mortem examination, stated that he thought the cause of death was inflammation of the left lung. For some time previous to his decease Crisp had been given to intemperances. The jury returned a verdict that death resulted from inflammation of the lung.
The Express and Telegraph Tuesday 07 May 1889 page 3
CRISPE, Georgina Died 03 October 1926 at Woodville, SA
Among the few remaining pioneers in this State, is Miss Georgina Crispe, who celebrated her ninetieth birth anniversary, and in honour of the occasion a birthday party was arranged. Despite her great age, Miss Crispe —who lives with her sister-in-law (Mrs. E. Crispe) at Kirkcaldy—is remarkably well in general health, and except for her memory having failed somewhat, is possessed of all her faculties. Miss Crispe was born in Kent, and arrived in South Australia with her parents in the ship JohnRenwick in 1887. She was then just under 3 years of age. Miss Crispe remembers the landing of the passengers from the ship's boats at Glenelg, and the excitement of the younger people, at any rate, when being pick-a-backed to shore. After living in tents for awhile at the sea side, the family came up to Adelaide, and lived for some time in bell tents on the banks of the Torrens, about where the engine-cleaning yards now are, just below the Morphett street Bridge. Friendly Blacks. One of her earliest recollections is of the fires being lit by the aborigines on the hillsides to frighten the settlers; but she states that the natives ultimately be came very friendly to their family, be cause of the kindly treatment accorded them, and would remain at the Crispe encampment without fear of molestation. They were, however, very suspicious, and Would insist on any food offered them being first tasted. Miss Crispe has always enjoyed wonderfully good health, in fact, has never had' the attention of a doctor. She attributes her immunity from sickness to the plain living in her early days, the outdoor life, and plenty of hard exercise. She attended Miss Rowland's School, which was situated in Rundle street in 1847. Still Active. Miss Crispe was an experienced horse woman, and had plenty of practice at driving and riding when the family took up land on the Gawler River. Even now, at her advanced age, she is still sprightly and walks around the garden and else where without assistance. A few evenings ago she enjoyed a waltz with a nephew, and showed that she had not for gotten the terpsiclhorean art learnt in her earlier years. Miss Crispe has in her possession a chest of drawers and table which were made on the voyage out from England by the ship's carpenter. Mr. Edward Crispe, who for many years Was head stock auctioneer for Elder, Smith, & Co., Limited, was a brother, and Mr. Charles Crispe is another brother.
Observer Saturday 21 February 1925 page 19
The death occurred in her sleep on Sunday morning of Miss Georgina Crispe, a colonist of 89 years, at the residence of her sister-in-law, Mrs. E. Crispe, of Kirkaldy, near Grange. The deceased, who was in her ninety-second year, was the daughter of Mr. ClementCrispe, and was born, at Maidstone, Kent. She was brought to South Australia by her parents when three years of age, and arrived in the ship John Renwick in 1837. Until shortly before her death Miss Crispe retained all her faculties. She remembered the landing of the passengers from the ship's boat at Glenelg, and the excitement of the younger people on being pick-a-backed ashore. After living in tents at the seaside, the family came to Adelaide, and resided for a time in bell tents on the banks of the Torrens. One of the earliest recollections of deceased was of the fires that were lighted, on the hillsides by the aborigines to frighten the settlers. Miss Crispe attributed her almost life-long immunity from sickness to the plain living, the outdoor life, and the hard exercise of the early days. She attended, in 1847, Miss Rowland's School, in Rundle street. Miss Crispe was an experienced horse-woman, and had plenty of practise at driving and riding when the family held land on the Gawler River. Mr. Edward Crispe, who for many years was head stock auctioneer for Elder, Smith, and Co., Limited, was a brother. Deceased was first cousin to Sir Thomas Crispe, K.C., an eminent barrister of the Inner Temple, and was also related to Violet Crispe, a well-known London authoress.
The Register Monday 04 October 1926 page 12
CRISPE, Indiana Died 13 July 1915 at Balaklava, SA "J. Reuter," East View, Whitwarta, writes:-"I think I may claim to be the oldest surviving native in this colony. I was born on board the ship John Renwick on February 22, 1837, being the second daughter of the late Clement Crispe; I also claim to be the second girl born in this colony, and the third child.".
Express and Telegraph Thursday 12 July 1900 page 3
Mrs. Indiana Reuter passed peacefully away in her sleep about 8 o'clock on Tuesday morning, July 13. She died after an illness of a few days She had been somewhat ailing for the last three years, but she was about, active and full of mental power and interest in life right to the last. She was 78 years of age on February 22 last, and by her departure the State loses one of its very first links with the fascinating beginning of its history. The year of her birth, 1887, was the year of the State's foundation. Her parents, Clement and Indiana Crispe, came out from England from the hop County of Kent in the ship " John Renwick", which was the second vessel to reach these shores with emigrants, and with stores for those whom the first ship, Bulwark, had brought. The Crispes wore a well-known English family, and Indiana was so-called after an English man-of-war whose captain was Clements' father. The children of Clement and Indiana numbered 8 — 4 boys and 4 girls, and of these our Balaklava resident was the third child. One of her brothers was known as the " Silver King," having participated in silver mine discovery at Broken Hill, and being an original shareholder when shares were worth £1,000 a piece. Another brother, Edwin, recently deceased, was the well-known Adelaide auctioneer, who lived latterly at the Grange, and was the father of Mrs G. M, Shepherd, formerly of Balaklava. A cousin in England was the well-known barrister, Thomas ClementCrispe, K.O, A sister, Georgina, is still living at the Grange and is over 80. Mrs Reuter's parents'ship reached Encounter Bay on February 10, hut owing to in sufficient accommodation ashore, her mother stayed on the ship at anchor for her accouchment, whereby Mrs. Reuter is reckoned to have been born in the State, and was the third human soul to be born in the colony and the second girl. She was baptised at the original Church of the Holy Trinity, Adelaide, on the 4th Jane 1837, her name being the 12th entry in the parish register. In those days the congregation some times had to use their umbrellas in church during service, and an instance is on record of the whole flock, pastor included, incontenently leaving Divine service to greet the arrival of a ship from England. After a short time in Adelaide, Clement and Indiana Crispe moved up to the Gawler River district and settled there on the land in the good o'd days when farming meant real hard graft and farm implements were simple and few. Living there with her parents, our friend was wooed and won in marriage by Mr. Carl Reuter, who had come out from Essen, in Germany, in 1856. The young couple came up to this district in 1871 and settled at Eastview, now in the occupation of Mr Norman Router, their son, and stayed there till they came to live retired in Balaklava, six or seven years ago. Mr Carl Reuter had a great deal to do with the early management and development of the district and proved himself a very successful farmer. He and his life partner were greatly interested, too, in religious matters and services were he'd in their home for Church of England folk prior to the erection of the Church of St Mary of Bethany, Goyder, in 1901, of which the Rev. T. Worthiugton,- lately deceased in the Island of' Jersey, was the first priest in charge. Their family consists of three boys — Norman, Edgar, and Ernest — well-kuown farmers in the district, and there was a girl, Indie, who died young. The late Mrs Reuter was gifted with a kind heart and with a genius for showing friendship, especially to poor and distressed neighbours. Her last walk abroad, about a week before her decease, was to go and cheer up a sick friend. The funeral took place on Wednesday, July 14. The coffin was carried across from the house to the church for the first part of the burial service. From the Church the body was taken out to Whitwarta Cemetery to rest beside her daughter. There were many in the funeral cortege, and many more at the graveside, where the Rector (Rev. A. H. Reynolds) performed the final obsequies. On the Sunday following there was a Memorial Encharist at Christ Church, Balaklava, when the Rector made the funeral oration.
The Areas' Express Friday 30 July 1915 page 1
Mrs. Reuter was baptised at the original Church of Holy Trinity, Adelaide; her name is the twelfth entry in the parish register. After a short stay in Adelaide. Mr. Clement Crispe and his wife went to the Gawler River district, where they settled on the land. While they were there she married Mr. C. L. Reuter. In 1871 Mr. and Mrs. Reuter wont to reside in the Balaklava district. They settled near Whitwarta, on the farm now known as Eastview. About six years age they went into Balaklava to reside. Mr. Reuter took a prominent part in the early development of the district, and proved himself a successful farmer. He and Mrs. Reuter actively interested themselves in religious matters, and Church of England services were held in their home prior to the erection of the Church of St. Mary of Bethany, at Goyder, in 1901. Messrs. Norman, Edgar, and Ernest Reuter are the surviving sons.
The Register Saturday 31 July 1915 page 10
DANIEL James Moore, Eliza JONES, Eliza Ruth
State Library of South Australia
DANIEL, James Moore 22 February 1810 - 17 November 1891 DANIEL. —Died on the 17th November 1891 , at Fullarton, James Moore Daniel, aged 82 years. Arrived in ship JohnRenwick in February, 1837.
Mr. JamesMooreDaniel, one of the early colonists, died at his residence, Fullarton, on Monday, at the age of 81. He came to South Australia in the ship John Renwick, in February, 1837, with his brother, Mr. Thomas Daniel, whose death occurred 13 months ago. For the first few years after his arrival he was engaged in the carrying trade on the Port road, being one of the first to conduct that business between Port Adelaide and the city. Later on he became interested in sheep farming in the north-eastern district, around the Barrier ranges, and during the last few years has lived at Fullarton. The deceased gentleman, who was of a retiring disposition and took no part in public affairs, leaves three sons and two daughters.
South Australian Chronicle Saturday 21 November 1891 page 11
DANIEL, Eliza nee JONES 1816 - 04 February 1856
DANIEL, Eliza Ruth Died 03 June 1902 at Adelaide, SA Married Edwin HENDER Resided Parkside, SA
HENDER.—On the 3rd June, ElizaHender, late of Fairford-street, Unley, also caretaker Unley Public School, and only beloved sister of J. Daniel, Stacy-street, Norwood, aged 63 years.
The Advertiser Monday 16 June 1902 page 4
DANIEL John, Mary MOORE
DANIEL, John 1875 - Son of Joseph Ruben and Eliza Ruth DNAIEL Occupation of Farmer residing at Reedbeds, SA
DANIEL, Mary nee MOORE
DANIEL, Thomas Robert Burt, Ann VAUGHAN
DANIEL, Thomas Robert Burt 11 October 1815 - 07 June 1887 Buried Long Plains, SA DANIEL.—on the 7th June, at his residence, Hendon Farm, Long Plain, of enlargement of liver, complicated with cancer, Thomas Robert Burt Daniel, the beloved husband of Anne Vaughan Daniel, aged 71 years 7 months, leaving three sons and one daughter to mourn their loss. A colonist of 60 years. Arrived here in the chip JohnRenwick, February 7, 1887. London and American papers please copy.
South Australian Advertiser Saturday 11 June 1887 page 4
Mr. Thomas Robert Daniel, of Hendon Farm, Long Plain, whose age was 71. The late Mr. T. R. Daniel came out to South Australia in the JohnRenwick in February, 1837, and has witnessed the progress of the colony through good and bad times for nearly fifty years. He engaged in agricultural pursuits, and established a farm at Long Plain, known as Hendon Farm, where he died.
South Australian Register Monday 13 June 1887 page 2
Death has taken from our midst an old and respected resident of this locality in the person of Mr. Thomas R. B. Daniel, who was a very old colonist, having arrived in the province by the ship JohnRenwick, on February 7, 1837. Besides his aged widow, who is universally respected for her many acts of kindness, he leaves behind him three sons and one daughter, viz,, Mr. W. V. Daniel, of the hundred of Hall, Mr. C. H. Daniel, of Inkerman, Mr. R. ' Daniel, of Long Plain, and Mrs. J. J. Mitchell, of Long Plain. The funeral, which took place on June 9, was the largest known in the neighborhood, the Rev. Mr. Judd officiating at the grave.
South Australian Chronicle Saturday 18 June 1887 page 22
Mr. Thomas Daniel, was one of the very earliest settlers in South Australia, coming from London with, his wife in 1836 in the ship John Renwick. Mr. Daniels, sen., was present on the historic occasion when Governor Hindmash read the proclamation constituting the province. Mr. Daniel, sen., who was a baker, settled a little way out of Adelaide.
The late Mr. Thomas R. B. Daniel, who was a colonist of 50 years, was much respected. He came to the province in the ship JohnRenwick on February 7, 1837, and leaves behind an aged widow, who is universally respected. The funeral was the largest that has taken place in the vicinity. Mr. Judd, Christian minister, officiated at the grave.
South Australian Register Thursday 16 June 1887 page 3
DANIEL, Ann nee VAUGHAN 07 October 1813 - 05 October 1897 DANIEL.—On the 5th of October, at Long Plain, of senile decay, Anne Vaughan Daniel, widow of the late T. R. B. Daniel, and beloved mother of Messrs. W. V. Daniel, Victoria; C.H. Daniel, Saints' Station; R. T. B. Daniel, Long Plain; and Mrs. M. A. Mitchell, Wauraitee; aged 84. A colonist of 60 years and 8 months, leaving 23 Grandchildren and 7 great-grand children. Rest after toil.
DEAN, William Knight, Harriet Caroline SINGLE, Maria Tatham
DEAN, William Knight 1811 - May 1839 in Adelaide, SA Farmer
DEAN, Harriet Caroline nee SINGLE 1817 - Remarried to R SYMONDS AS my WIFE, HARRIET CAROLINESYMONDS, will neither reside with mo nor accept the home offered by a married daughter, I cannot be RESPONSIBLE for her DEBTS. R. G. SYMONDS. Victoria-square, August 26, 1861.
Mrs HarrietCaroline Symonds, & Colonist of 1837. Her Husband and Children would be thankful to anyone who will inform them of her present whereabouts. Address — Mr. R. G. SYMONDS, Angle Vale. Bunyip, Gawler Saturday 10 August 1872 page 2
DEAN, Maria Tatham 1837 - Born during the voyage to Australia Mrs. Maria T. Stacy died at her residence, Lymington street, Glenelg, on Friday at the age of 76 years. She was the widow of Mr. R. S. Stacy, and arrived in the State with her parents, Mr. and Mrs. William Knight Dean, in February, 1837, in the ship John Renwick. Three sons and three daughters survive.
Observer Saturday 28 September 1912 page 41
DINES, Thomas Granted timber licence September 1844
EMERY, Isaac, Amy WARREN, dau
EMERY, Isaac 1814 - 08 September 1890 in Caulfield, Vic. Carpenter and Builder residing in Adelaide and Thebarton EMERY.—On the 8th September 1890, at the residence of his son-in-law, Mr. Chas. F. Byrne, Edward-street, Caulfield, Victoria, Isaac Emery, aged 77 years, the beloved father of Mr. H. I. Emery, late of Adelaide. Arrived in South Australia per ship John Renwick, February, 1837.
EMERY, Amy Warren 1815 - 08 August 1885 in Collingwood, Vic. EMERY.—Died on the 8th August 1885, at Smith-street, Collingwood, Victoria, Amy Warren, the beloved wife of Isaac Emery, late of South Australia, aged 72 years. Arrived in the ship John Renwick February, 1837.
EMERY, William, Charlotte NASH, Frederick William
EMERY, William 1804 - 14 February 1837 Occupation Carpenter and Builder and resided in Adelaide and Port Adelaide
Since our arrival named a man Emery, who had a wife and six children wholly dependent on him. He went on shore on Saturday in defiance of orders which had not yet arrived from the Commissioner to land him and next morning he was found quite dead between Glenelg and Port Adelaide. He also drank too much and had on leaving the ship come up to the cuddy door and denied Mr. Wyatt's authority to detain him on board. Mr. Wyatt said 'Recollect you go without my leave.' His poor wife is greatly to be pitied.
EMERY, Charlotte nee NASH 1807 - 31 October 1895 at St. Leonards, Glenelg Remarried P COOK and was a School Proprietor The funeral of the late Mrs. Charlotte Cook, who died at the residence of her daughter (Mrs. Laycock), Glenelg on Thursday morning, took place at the West Terrace Cemetery on Friday afternoon. Mrs. Cook, who was eighty-eight years of age, was an old and much respected resident of Glenelg. She arrived in the colony in the ship John Renwick in 1836. The deceased lady was twice married, her first husband (Mr. William Emery) having died shortly after arriving in the colony. Subsequently the deceased married Mr. Peter Cook, who died in 1871. The surviving relatives are Messrs. F. Emery, of Glenelg, and A. P. Cook, of Plympton (sons), and Mesdames William Laycock, James Wendt, John Lapthorne, Helleasday, and John L. Hawkes (daughters). Amongst those present at the funeral were:— Messrs. W. D. aud H. Laycock. E. T. Measdav. A. and A. P. Cook, J. L., R.. and G. Hawkes, J. Wendt, F. Emery, G. Mstniay, Frank Livooolc, Mitchell, and C. Measday, and Mesdames Laycock, Measday and Hawkes. Canon Green conducted the funeral service.
The Register Monday 04 November 1895 page 3
EMERY, Frederick William 1826 - 16 March 1901 EMERY.—Died on the 16th March 1901, at his residence, Jetty-road, Glenelg, FrederickWilliam Emery, aged 75 years. Arrived in the colony in the John Renwick in 1837.
FIELD, Henry Died 06 February 1909 The death of Mr. Henry Field, aged 91, occurred at his residence, Dashwood's Gully, early on Saturday morning. The deceased, who was born at Stonehouse, England, arrived in South Australia in February, 1837, by the ship JohnRenwick. At that time the total population of Adelaide was about 800, and as employment was scarce Mr. Field proceeded to Sydney, and from there went to Victoria in 1839, being engaged in a sheep-droving expedition under Mr. Inman. Subsequently he took part in two similar trips, and in conjunction with his brother, the late Captain W. G. Field, established a run at Yankalilla. The Marra run, on the River Darling, was founded by the deceased in the fifties, with the assistance of the late Mr. James Chisholm, M.L.C. In 1878 Mr. Field arrived in Adelaide, and invested his capital in the purchase of Sandringham station, Western Queensland. A drought proved disastrous to him, and in 1903 Mr. Field was forced to forfeit the property. The deceased was twice married, and had two sons, Messrs. Stuart and Edward Field, and two daughters, Mrs. Percival Stow, of Glenelg, and Miss Rosina Field.
The Advertiser Tuesday 09 February 1909 page 6
FINLAYSON, William, Helen HARVEY
The first Baptists to reach South Australia, as far as can be ascertained, were Mr. and Mrs. William Finlayson, who arrived in the JohnRenwick in February. 1837. Mr. Finlayson came from Scotland as a missionary to the aborigines, and in the sixty years he spent in South Australia performed noble pioneering work. His diary, from which Mr. Hughes quotes, contains much interesting information about the work of the early Baptists in this State.
The Advertiser Saturday 16 October 1937 page 10
FINLAYSON, William 30 November 1813 - 17 December 1897 at Mitcham, SA
State Library of South Australia B 14655
In a good, old-fashioned, homelike house, which has weathered the heat and hail, wind and wet, of summer and winter for some forty five years— a house of the early colonial days, broad and roomy, with a low-pitched roof and ample ground about it— dwelt one of our pioneer colonists, a veritable preacher and Pilgrim Father, who virtually came with the spade in one hand and the Bible in the other. This was the late Mr. W. Finlayson, who set foot on the shores of South Australia in 1837. Mr. Finlayson, who must have been of tough fibre inherited from a long line of Scottish ancestors, retained his rigour until a very advanced age; indeed, almost up to the time of his death in December, 1897, he could handle, better than many a younger man, axe and spade. He was born in Glasgow on November 30, 1813, and when old enough to think for himself decided that he would like to be a missionary. His wishes were not fulfilled in the literal but they were in the practical sense, for he did yeoman service in the cause of religion for many long and busy years, well earning the title of 'Pastor,' lovingly bestowed upon him by those to whom he ministered. Some there were who preferred to call him 'reverend, ' but to this title he took strong objections, holding with patriarchal simplicity that good works honoured a man more than any titular distinctions, and as 'Pastor Finlayson' is the name of the departed veteran writ in the hearts of the people who loved and honoured him. Arriving here in the JohnRenwick he settled at Mitcham long before it was acknowledged as a village, being then known only as Brownhill Creek. There he built an unpretending cottage, which was in the early fifties exchanged for a more spacious homestead, also called Helenholme, after the old colonist's devoted wife, who predeceased him by some twelve years. It was in 1832, while he was yet in his teens, that Mr. Finlayson first seriously harboured the idea of becoming a missionary. Even before that, however, he had been engaged in various kinds of religious work, from tract distribution to Sunday-school teaching. He then applied to and was accepted as a city missionary by the Council of the London City Mission, but he never felt at home in the great Babylon, and left after a few months filled with a yearning to go abroad. Finally he was introduced to the late Sir T. F. Buxton, a trustee for the 'Mica Charity' organized to send out teachers to the recently liberated slaves in the West Indies. At that time, however, arrangements had not been matured, and Mr. Finlayson, attracted by advertisements respecting the new colony of South Australia, determined to try and get to Port Adelaide, as he thought he could find something useful to do amongst the natives on the vast Continent of Australia. On September 30, 1836, he married Miss Helen Harvey, of Edinburgh, who was quite prepared to share with him the dangers and hardships of colonial life, and in October, 1836, the young couple sailed in the JohnRenwick for South Australia. On the passage out a man fell a victim to drink, and a worthy brother of one of the early preachers of South Australia, the late Mr. Thomas Playford, also died. Still another passenger was Pastor Jacob Abbott, who still lives and who continued to be on terms of closest intimacy with Pastor Finlayson until the latter's death. The voyage occupied four months, for it was not until February, 1837, that the vessel arrived at Kangaroo Island. The young colonists were not allowed to land then, but went on to Port Adelaide. Mr. Finlayson found the long rows of sandhills far from prepossessing; but, as he wrote in a journal from which we have been permitted to quote — 'The Mount Lofty range beyond was beautiful, and as a Scotchman I was truly glad that the country had hills. Their appearance was parched and white, it being now the end of summer and the grass dry, but they were bold in outline and were a striking feature in the landscape.' The narrative continues:-- 'We were truly glad to get to the termination of our voyage, but after dark a grand and to us mysterious fire began to kindle on the hills, which alarmed us not a little. It spread with amazing rapidity from one hill to another until the whole range before us seemed one mass of flames. We looked at each other, and the knowing ones shook their heads and declared that it was a signal for the native clans to gather for the purpose of destroying the white intruders. They even pointed to what they in their terror took to be native forms adding to and spreading the flames. It was, indeed, a grand and a fearful sight, and many sat on deck watching all night long expecting to see bands of naked savages coming down upon us.' The new settlers soon learned that at the end of summer the poor natives were in the habit of firing the grass that they might secure reptiles and animals for food. The incident above recorded, however, filled many with a lasting dread of the aboriginals, and for the first few months the whole settlement at Adelaide kept watch and ward against a ' black attack' which never came. The fear of an assault was not an unreasonable one, as the new arrivals did not know what enemies dwelt beyond the hills, but the natives soon lost whatever warlike spirit they may at first have possessed, and cringed and whined in unmanly fashion. The writer of the journal significantly remarks that when some of his party landed they found that accompaniment of civilization, a 'public tent,' on the sandhills, for selling intoxicants. Glenelg then consisted of a few reed huts erected by the immigrants of the Buffalo and Coromandel, the interior of one hut looking particularly homelike. Mr.Finlayson records the fact that a shipmate, who had a wife and large family on board the JohnRenwick, started to walk to the site of Adelaide on a hot day in February and died on the journey. Further on, after alluding in a seriocomic way to the inconveniences incidental to a first introduction to a new settlement, he observes that there was no murmuring. On one occasion, at the Port, a smoke in the direction of the vessel aroused in the men folk ashore the awful dread that the ship, on board of which they had left their wives and families, had taken fire. Wading across the creek to the Peninsula they hurried to the beach only to find to their joy that the vessel was safe. Of course at first the new arrivals had no habitation. The women when they landed had to find shelter under boughs, and the men had to weather it as well as they could. When Mr. Finlayson and his party came up the Port River the Tam o' Shanter was lying on the bank with her back broken. The town site, we are told, 'was marked by peppermint trees and surveyors' pegs, and outside, fronting what is now the gaol, but nearer to North-terrace, was a row of reed huts dignified by the name of 'Buffalo-row,' while between that and the River Torrens— what a miserable river !— were a number of nondescript huts. The Commissioner, Mr. Fisher, had a more pretentious abode— I think it even had a chimney.' The old pioneer passed through the usual experiences of his fellow-adventurers in the way of procuring material and building a hut, and underwent much toil and fatigue in transporting his household impediments from the Port to the new home in the future city. The huts of the embryo town were over-crowded with women and children. The settlement on the banks of the Torrens in 1837 must have been at least picturesque, every kind of material, from reeds to ticking and cloth of all colours, being brought into requisition for the sides of the temporary dwellings. When the next vessels arrived there was a change. The town land had been sold and buildings of various kinds had been erected, so that the newcomers were in a measure comfortably accommodated. A reference to the appearance of the Torrens at this early date is interesting. 'The banks were covered with trees and underwood of various kinds, whilst those nearest the stream as well as the bed of the river were adorned with a thick and close growth of ti-tree with a great variety of aromatic shrubs, which were beautiful indeed to us newcomers, while the river itself consisted of numerous deep and clear pools with a tiny stream of water from one to the other.' Clearings soon changed the aspect of the river for the worse. 'A natty little place,' we are informed, 'was constructed of ti-tree and cloth, with the good wife's black cloth cloak to curtain the door way, and there I and my helpmate dwelt for a while.' To the credit of the early settlers it is noted that although many valuable things, including money, lay about without protection of any kind no thefts took place. The bowers of bliss with the fragrant ti-tree roofs were wet and draughty enough in the rainy months. Mrs. Finlayson fell ill; the hut was flooded in a storm, and the medical man— the late Dr. Woodforde— of whose devotion and generosity much is said in deep gratitude, was called in. 'Most of our neighbours were as badly off as ourselves,' says the diarist, 'perhaps worse, as some of them had little children.' True to the traditions of the sturdy race from which he had sprung Mr. Finlayson lost no time in seeking work, and the first job he got was raising limestone for a chimney or kitchen for the Commissioner, the wages being 4/- per day. Afterwards, however, Mr. Robert Cock, father of the present member for Victoria, engaged him as auctioneer's and land agent's clerk at a much higher wage. Baked snake and lizard made a dainty dish in those days of scarce meat. Kangaroos and emus were not plentiful, bread was not easily obtained, and the mainstay of the settlers was ship's biscuit. The sale of town lands was a momentous matter, and the selection of a site for a home another. One of the exciting events of the period was the printing of the first newspaper, 'in a mud erection in Hindley-street, one part of the same building being used for a store—'Coltmans'— the first private establishment in Adelaide.' Bringing up the luggage from the Port was a work of difficulty, and it is stated of the Colonial Chaplain, the Rev. C. B. Howard, that he was met 'returning with a truckload, his man in the shafts and himself leading with a belt across his breast, and with great good-humour encouraging tho others.' As an instance of the primitive means of transport Mr. Finlayson relates that he rigged up a cask, and filling it with articles rolled it from Port Adelaide to where Hindmarsh now is, but, as he quaintly remarks, 'it was not a very successful adventure, for, having put in a smoothing-iron, together with books and other things, by the rolling of the cask the iron made a considerable mess of the lot. To crown all the head of the cask came out, and I had to leave it, but although it was open nothing was missed when we got the contents home some time after.' The howling of the wild dogs worried the new comers, and one young fellow going to Port Adelaide in broad daylight turned back from fear of the dingo. One is not surprised to hear that the women laughedat him. The natives were numerous and caused much dread, but the whites near Adelaide were not molested. Through the persistent intercession of the pioneer and his wife, who in their humane task courageously faced hundreds of blacks, the murder of a female aboriginal infant, resolved upon in accordance with tribal customs, was averted. Religious services were scrupulously conducted in 1837, and it is observed that 'Christian communion was felt to be a very great privilege ' Mr. Finlayson found himself passing rich on £2 a week wages and with a quarter of an acre of land— tbe block where Mr. Charles Birks's premises in Rundle-street now are—to build on. While a house was being put up, a kangaroo hopped over the fence of the allotment, and one of the men caught it by the tail, while a blow on the head with a brick gave it its quietus. After a while things began to lose their extremely primitive form. The newcomers grumbled that they found matters so far behind ; they grumbled about the huts they had to put up with and the living also, finding fault with everything; and the old pioneer pertinently remarks, 'What pleased us who had passed through the hardships of first settlement they looked upon with contempt or sometimes with envy. The romance had been mainly confined to the first eight months, when all were in a great measure on a struggling level. After that class feelings began to gain sway. From what I have witnessed,' says Mr. Finlayson, ' I believe if the colony could be carried out on the communistic principle it would bring to all the greatest amount of happiness. . . Several Baptists having arrived, a service was held in our cottage, mainly promoted by Mr. Randell, Captain Scott, and Mr. McLaren, and after considerable discussion it was agreed to form a Church on the close principle admitting none but Baptist persons. To this several demurred and said though they now united they would feel free to leave if an open Church were formed. The numbers first united consisted of thirteen members, the names as far as I recollect being McLaren, Scott, Randall, Finlayson, Russell, a brother of John Cox, Mesdames Randall, Finlayson, Russell, and Miss Ragless. In the ' Hartley' came a gentleman to take charge of the education of the young, the South Australian Company engaging to build a suitable schoolroom. The buildings were completed on North-terrace, but never were used for school purposes.' As Mount Lofty at that time bounded the horizon of the colonists Mr. Finlayson determined to explore. Accordingly at Christmas, 1837, Messrs. R. Cock, Valentine Wyatt, G. Barton, and himself started for the examination of the unknown land beyond the ranges, the intention being if possible to reach the great River Murray. The equipment consisted of a packhorse with provisions for eight days. Some of the friends of the travellers thought them very foolhardy, but Mr. Finlayson was determined to see the state and numbers of the natives in the part of the country which it was proposed to traverse. The party went by way of Crafers— called after a splitter of that name — and steered eastward. They camped on Cox's Creek, which Mr. Finlayson says should be ' Cock's Creek.' They gained the top of Mount Barker, being the first whites who had reached that point, and set up a flagstaff with the tail of Mr. Cock's shirt as a flag, and writing their names, &c., on a piece of paper put the latter under a pile of stones, and it was fiound some time afterwards by a party of overlanders. The explorers discovered the Bremer River, and crossing it cleared their way through that scrub in the hope of reaching the Murray. They nearly perished from thirst, but were saved by striking the Bremer, which they followed to the Lake, in which they bathed, being the first whites who had done so as far as they knew. Crossing the Angas, which they named, they returned to Adelaide after much hardship, bravely faced, and reached the city ragged and worn with the work of exploration in those primitive days. Although Mr.Finlayson's desire and main object was to communicate with the natives, he saw none from the time he started till he reached the Adelaide plains. The smoke of camp fires was observed, but the blacks were evidently too wary to show themselves. Subsequently, in June, 1838, Mr. Finlayson visited Encounter Bay— at that time a long and difficult journey— where Captain Hart's ship The Hope was anchored with a cargo of cattle. A bullockdriver was so afraid of the aboriginals that he declared that if he had a rope he would hang himself, so little did the whites then know of the comparatively harm-less nature of the blacks. The bullockdriver was an old Vandemonian, and had seen in the island the fearful doings between the whites and the blacks. Mr. Finlayson eventually settled at Brownhill Creek, a favourite camping - ground of the natives, and began life in a tent there, near to where the Mitcham Church now stands. Some of the blacks were special favourites, amongst them old William and his daughter Mary— the old man being nearly blind from age. Missionary labour among the natives and good pioneer work such as the early settlers found to their hands made up the daily experiences of this typical colonist, who in the beginning was possessed of a quarter of an acre of town land which cost £67, but which he was obliged to part with for half its then value.It is worth thousands now. In the religious spirit which animated the old Puritan fathers, he says, referring to the toils and tribulations of those hard times, 'In thinking of it now I am amazed at the strength and help given us by God, and the spirit with which we day by day and night by night entered upon what seemed a hopeless task ; but never a man had a truer or more faithful helpmate. There was no murmuring, but a cheerful doing the work of the day, which was always arduous and had to be carried out in the absence of the alleviations which were in due time introduced.'
South Australian Register Wednesday 28 December 1898 page 5
FINLAYSON, Helen nee HARVEY 19 November 1811 - 20 October 1884 at Mitcham, SA
DEATH OF AN OLD COLONIST.—We today have to record the death of one of the earliest colonists, Mrs. William Finlayson, of Helenholme, near Mitcham. With her husband she arrived in South Australia, in the JohnRenwick, in February, 1837, some six weeks after the proclamation of the colony. These were, indeed, primitive times, and the hardships which the young couple had to endure, in common with the few score other persons who had then reached these shores were neither few nor small. All their privations and trouble were, however, borne with a fortitude and hopefulness which some immigrants of more recent days have failed to emulate. Mr. Finlayson came out with the idea of acting as a missionary to the natives, but he was unable to carry out his design except to a very modified extent. He for a year or two resided in Adelaide, and assisted the Rev. T. Q. Stow, the first Congregational minister here, in the erection of the little reed-thatched place of worship in which he began his ministrations. Entering the employ of the South Australian Company, he and his wife took up their quarters a few miles from Adelaide, and often, in the absence of her husband, whose name is to be found on the list of the early explorers, Mrs. Finlayson found herself alone with hundreds of savages, who, however, never attempted to molest her, but treated her with profound respect and submitted themselves implicitly to her directions. Not long after coming to the colony, Mr. and Mrs. Finlayson settled on a farm near Mitcham, to which the name of Helenholme was given, where they continued for something like a quarter of a century. As their children grew up the parents removed to Adelaide, but three or four years ago they returned to their former residence. The deceased lady studiously avoided taking part in public movements, but much of her time was devoted to deeds of kindness and charity. Her motto throughout life was " Better are the blessings of the poor than the praises of the rich," and scores of those who have been the recipients of her kindly counsel and generous help affectionately 'cherish her memory and will genuinely mourn the death of one ever ready with consolation and succour. Mrs. Finlayson had reached her 73rd year when she fell a victim to an illness beginning with inflammation of the lungs, which had kept her a prisoner for five months. She leaves behind — her husband, four sons (Messrs. R. K. Finlayson, W. Finlayson, J. Harvey Finlayson, and E. Finlayson), five daughters, and twenty-four grandchildren.
Evening Journal Tuesday 21 October 1884 page 3
GLANVILLE, John 1825 - 11 August 1859 Buried West Terrace Cemetery died aged 35 years, location in cemetery unknown
GRAY, William Henry, Isabella, Isabella
GRAY, William Henry Died September 1896
State Library of South Australila B 11159
Gray street (Adelaide) was named after the late Mr. W. H. Gray, who arrived in South Australia from England in the ship JohnRenwick, on February 10 1837. He was well known in the Reedbeds district, as well as in the city, having purchased a large number of blocks there. In March, 1837, he paid £14 14/ for an acre of land at the west end of Hindley street — originally the dearest land in the City of Adelaide. To him belonged the honor of building the first cottages erected in Adelaide. They were situated on North terrace and were erected in 1838.
The Advertiser Tuesday 15 June 1937 page 22
Old colonists will receive with much regret the announcement of the death of Mr. W. H. Gray, one of the original setters at the Reedbeds. Mr. Gray, who was in his 89th year, had a wonderfully strong constitution, and he struggled, through several severe attacks during the last few winters. His life was despaired of more than once, but to the surprise of everyone he recovered strength so remark ably that he was able to get about town again and resume "his active Me. The last attack- was very severe, and in spite of his own indomitable will and the best attention of Dr. Poulton he succumbed on Sunday afternoon at about half-past 2 o'clock. Mr. Gray was a wealthy landowner, but if he had sold out at high prices when he had the opportunity o£ doing so'during the land boom he would probably have been the richest man in the colony. Mr. Gray, who was a son of Mr. T. Gray, was born at Bermondsey, "near London, on January 18, 1808. He well remembered the nursegirls" threats that ,"Bony" was coming, and distinctly recollected the entrance of the Duke oi "Wellington into London past his parents' house in the Old Kent-road after the battle of Waterloo. It is somewhat singular that in his school days he was nominated to the Bacon School, Grange road, Bennondsey, by Mr. Thomas Moulden, one of the founders of the school and the grandfather of Messrs. B. and B. A. Moulde, of '' Moulden and Sons '' who for very many years have been the legal advisers of the deceased gentleman. When the colonisation of South Australia took place Mr. Gray decided to become one of the pioneer colonists, and -when he landed here the colony was in its infancy. It was in the year 1834 that he decided to emigrate, an'd he purchased land at that time from the Imperial Government "in a colony about to be formed in the southern portion of Australia." The Government kept him waiting for two years and refused to return the money, for -which he made several applications, and he determined to emigrate with some friends about his own age to America. Eventually matters having been settled he purchased agricultural implements and sailed from England with his sister and two servants in October, 1836, in the ship JohnRenwick, and arrived here rather more than a month after the proclamation of the colony. The clerk in the Imperial Office who received the money paid by Mr. Gray gave .him a receipt, the signature bemg that of G. S. Kingston the father of the present Premier. He completed the selection of his land at the Reedbeds and various town acres but gradually he caquired more extensive area of land , and as years rolled on the value of his possessions increased until at the present time it is worth a very large sum. Mr. Gray claimed to have built the first house in the city on North-terrace. For the roof He carried reeds from his property at the Reedbeds, and the rafters and other timber he carried from the scrub which grew where Prospect is situated, the water which was required being wheeled in a cask by him from the Torrens. He and Colonel Light were great friends, and "the deceased gentleman helped Colonel Light to clear away the kangaroo grass, which grew to a great height, from where Rundle street now is. In 185O he went to the Victorian diggings, but the never did any digging, because after carefully inspecting the works he came to the C conclusion that very few were really getting gold. Returning to the colony via Melbourne, having accomplished the journey from' the diggings on foot, he purchased wheat and shipped it to the sister colony. The deceased gentleman married miss Rosetta Bagshaw, a daughter of the late Mr. J. S. Bagshaw, the issue of the union being nine children, eight of whom survive him. Mrs. Gray also still lives, and the sons and daughters are Messrs. F. J. Gray, P. J. Gray, H. G. Gray, A. F Gray, and W. E. Gray, Mrs. F. H. Taylor of Port Victor, Mrs. L. B. Scammell, and Mrs W. Kuhnel. .For 20 years the deceased gentleman was chairman , of the "West Torrens District Council , and he has been a member of the St. Albans Lodge of Freemasons for a, long time. Some years ago the Government proposed to take possesion of a portion of Mr. G ray's land at the Reedbeds for the purpose of establishing the Glenelg fort, but Mr. Gray strongly resisted the invasion , eventually defeating the Government, and having done so , he presented the block of land to the Masonic Order . Besides being a grazier at the Reedbeds, Mr. Gray held pastoral property in the Territory, which he visited as a member-of the McKinlay exploration party. Again, about 16 years ago he went to that -portion of the province . In the sixties Mr. Gray visited West Australia, where he had a particularly rough time riding from King George's Sound to Perth. He also took up land with a view to settling near EUCLA , but water being so scarce gave up the idea. He owns a number of acres in the city , most of I which are very valuable. Mr. Gray was eccentric in some ways, as may be gathered from the fact that there is a vault in the West terrace Cemetery which he had prepared for his own reception some time ago and the construction of which he personally supervised. Mr. and Mrs. Gray had been living on West terrace for some time. The deceased will be buried with Masonic honors at West-terrace at 4 o'clock to-morrow afternoon.
The Advertiser Monday 07 September 1896 page 6
GRAY, Isabella snr
GRAY, Isabella jnr.
HAINS / HAINES, Edward
HARRIS, Edward, Hester/Esther HARRIS, Edward 1812 - 02 November 1847 Died aged 35 years and is buried in the West Terrace Cemetery - location unknown Publican of Adelaide of 'Starr Inn' Hindley and Rosina Streets, Adelaide, and transferred the licence to John Bayley in September 1847 Died on Saturday last, at his residence, South-terrace, Mr EdwardHarris, aged 35 years, late of the "Star Inn," of this city.
The Register Wednesday 03 November 1847 page 2
HARRIS, Esther 1814 - 10 July 1847 Died aged 33 years and is buried in the West Terrace Cemetery - location unknown
HART, John 1814 - 13 October 1861 in Oakbank, SA
Resided Dry Creek, and Balhannah HART.— Died on the 13th October, at Oakbank, Mr.John Hart, aged 47. The deceased arrived in the colony per the ship JohnRenwick, on February 8, 1837.
A very melancholy occurrence has taken place here—Mr. JohnHart, of Oakbank, a very old colonist, and one much liked by his neighbours, on account of his kindly disposition and strict integrity, having died oil Sunday last, from, it would appear, poison administered by his own hand- It seems that for some time past he has laboured under the impression that Some impending danger hovered over him, and that he should come to poverty although in very good and comfortable circumstances. This, combined with habits not sufficiently temperate, has resulted what all who knew him, or who look upon the act in a right light, must deplore. An inquest was held on Tuesday, the 10th inst., by Mr. A. Lorimer, J.P., Coroner, Mr. James Johnston being chosen Foreman of the Jury. The evidence of Mrs. Hart, wife of the deceased, his son, Mr. JohnHart, jun., Dr. Esau, who attended hint, and others was taken, the gist of which was as I have stated above; and, after the witnesses had withdrawn, the Jury considered for a short time, when they ultimately brought in the verdict, " That the deceased died from the effects of arsenic taken during a fit of temporary insanity." I may mention that it came out in evidence that the deceased was in the habit of using arsenic for the blight on the trees in his orchard, which accounts for the poison being on the premises, although by the evidence of his son it was locked up in his workshop, to which no other members of the family had access. After the inquest, the funeral took place, the body being followed to the Balhannah burying-ground by a large number of the friends and relatives of the deceased, as well as some of the leading men of the district for miles round.
Adelaide Observer Saturday 19 October 1861 page 2
HOBBS, William, Mary Ann
Occupation of Shepherd
HOBBS, Mary Ann
HORNSBY, Thomas 1809 - 15 February 1855
On the 15th February, after a lengthened illness, Mr Thomas Hornsby, St Leonard's Inn, Holdfast Bay, aged 44 years. An old colonist.
Adelaide Times Friday 16 February 1855 page 2
HUMPHRIES, William Glover, Lucy GILL, William John
HUMPHRIES, William Glover 1812 - 16 July 1881 in Nairne, SA
Occupations of Baker and Shoemaker, residing in Adelaide, Balhannah and Nairne Died of Paralysis aged 69 years, a colonist of 44 years
HUMPHRIES, Lucy nee GILL 1815 - 16 April 1879 in Nairne, SA
HUMPHRIES.—On the 10th April, at Nairne, Lucy, the beloved wife of W. Humphries, sen., aged 64 ; a colonist of forty-two years, per John Renwick.
Australian Register Tuesday 22 April 1879 page 4
HUMPHRIES, William John September 1836 - 16 April 1917 at Parkside, SA
HUMPHRIES.- Died on On the 16th April 1917 , at his residence, 51, Castle-street, Parkside, William John, dearly beloved husband of Eden M. Humphries, in his 8Íst year. At rest. Arrived ship John Renwick, February, 1837.
By the death of Mr. William John Humphries, which occurred at his residence. Castle Street, Parkside, on Monday, in his 81st year, a varied and interesting career was brought to a close. He arrived in South Australia in the ship JohnRenwick, with his parents on February 13. 1837, when he was five months old. His father, who settled in Adelaide, where he worked as a baker, purchased a town acre, kept it for a year or two, and then sold it for £7. The family then resided at Balhannah and Blakeston. They removed to Nairne about 70 years ago, the father carrying business there as a baker and grocer for many years. Mr. William John Humphries, being the eldest son assisted his father, and thus at an early age he gained valuable experience. When he was 16 years old he went to the Victorian diggings, and was one of six who took teams of bullocks with flour from Messrs. Dunn & Co.'s mills. When he returned he did much contract work on stations on the Murray, and he was with the survey party that laid out the townships of Milang and Wellington. He also took a few trips with bullock teams carting copper ore from the Burra mines. In 1864 he married Miss Ellen M. Jeffery. of Nairne. Shortly afterwards he started in business as a butcher, and after remaining at Nairne about five years he went to Kanmantoo where be lived for about six years as an hotelkeeper. For two years he was proprietor of Gray's Inn, Mount Barker. Then he removed to Saddle worth, and was one of the founders of the Freemasons' Lodge. The Teetulpa gold rush attracted him, and from there he went to Broken Hill. In 1891 he got a licence, and at North Broken Hill he built the Newmarket Hotel, which he kept for a number of years. He leased it in 1905, when he retired. In his younger days Mr. Humphries was a follower of coursing and pigeon shooting. He left a widow, four daughters, two sons, 24 grand-children, and four great-grandchildren. The late Sergeant H. W. Humphries was his grandson, and Mr. G. C. Bamett, of the firm of Porter & Barnett, is his adopted son.
The Mount Barker and Onkaparinga and Gumeracha Advertiser Friday 27 April 1917
JACOBS, Isaac, Elizabeth DAY
JACOBS, Isaac 09 December 1814 - 21 February 1894 at Cherry Gardens, SA
State Library of South Australia B 47769/23L
Old colonists will learn with regret the death of Mr. Isaac Jacobs, farmer, of Cherry Gardens. The deceased was a native of the Isle of Wight, and was born in December, 1814. He arrived in South Australia in the ship JohnRenwick on March 14, 1837, and resided for a short time in a reed hut on the banks of the Torrens. He was one of the first to settle at Happy Valley. Fifty-two years ago he went to Cherry Gardens, where he continued to reside until his death, living in the same house for 51 years. District Council matters claimed a good deal of his attention, but otherwise he took no part in public life. Mr. Jacobs came to the colony as a Bible Christian, but, there being no Church of that denomination here, he joined the Wesleyan Church, of which he was an honoured member, acting as class leader for a number of years. His second wife survives him, and there are also five children — four sons and one daughter — living. All the family are engaged in farming pursuits, and their record shows that the family has been similarly employed for the last 200 years. Lately Mr. Jacobs contracted a malignant cancer in the face, to which his death is attributed.
South Australian Register Friday 23 February 1894 page 5
JACOBS, Elizabeth nee DAY 14 March 1815 - 14 June 1870 at Cherry Gardens, SA
State Library of South Australia B 57585
DEATH OF ANOTHER OLD COLONIST.—A correspondent writes thus from Cherry Gardens:— "Quite agloom has been cast over this neighbourhood by the unexpected death of Mrs. Isaac Jacobs, after a short but severe illness which baffled all medical science. The deceased lady, with her husband, landed in the colony on or about the 14th February, 1837, per the ship JohnRenwick, and after residing in or near Adelaide for some years, finally settled down in Cherry Gardens, where she has been much and deservedly respected for her many self-denying acts and for her disinterested kindness to all. She took an active part, in conjunction with Mrs. Wm. Pearce, long since deceased, in forming and establishing the first Sunday-school in the colony; and at the time of her death was teacher of the Girls' Bible Class in the Wesleyan Sunday-school here, with winch body of Christians she was identified the greater part of her life. Her mortal remains were committed to the grave on Saturday afternoon, in presence of a large concourse of sorrowing relatives, and sympathising friends. Her loss will be much felt. The burial service was conducted by the Rev. J. Spence."
Evening Journal Thursday 30 June 1870 page 2
LANGCAKE, John Mungo, Mary Ann PARKER, George Mungo
LANGCAKE, John Mungo
W. MINCHAM and J. M. LANGCAKE having disolved partnership, it is requested that all outstanding debts owing to them will be immediately discharged, and that all debts contracted by them will be presented for liquidation. . J. M. Langcake still intends carrying on the business of House, Ornamental and Decorative Painting in all its branches, Writing, Gilding, Graining, &c, for the lowest possible charges. At the same tine J. M. L. takes this opportunity of returning his sincere thanks_to his friends and the public in general for past favours, and hopes by attention to business, and work being executed in a superior manner, to merit them for the future. All orders to be left at J. M. LANGCAKE'S, King William-street, near the Post Office.
South Australian Gazette and Colonial Register Saturday 26 January 1839 page 4
LANGCAKE, Mary Ann nee PARKER Died 02 October 1857 at Adelaide, SA Aged 41 years Robert Long and Mary Long, his wife, appeared to answer the complaint of Mary Anne Langcake, wife of the clever painter of that name, for an assault on the 17th July. This was a neigbbour's quarrel, arising out of their respective children throwing, stones at each other. On complainant's child being chastised by Mrs Long, she claimed the exclusive privilege of correcting her own children, to which Mrs Long assented by giving her a slap on the face, which she (complainant) felt all night. She, however, returned it on the instant. Mr Long then took his wife's part, when expressions and insinuations were exchanged which we forbear to repeat. Mrs Long expressed her surprise that complainant should have ventured to prefer such a charge, when they bad kept her out of charity, supplying her with necessaries while her husband was indulging in his drinking bouts; and Mr Long threatened to " scandalize her before the Court."Complainant considered she was under no obligation, having re turned all she had borrowed, and looked upon defendants as quite beneath her " His Worship blamed all parties, and ordered defendants to pay half the costs, at the same time telling complainant that he under stood her husband was too much addicted to drinking.
Adelaide Observer Saturday 04 August 1849 page 3
LANGCAKE, George Mungo Died after arrival
LEWIN, John, Mary ABBOTT
MCBETH, William Died Meningie, SA Occupations of Victualler and Grazier residing at Hindmarsh and Narrung
MCINTOSH, (possibly) John William 1st mate
MITCHELL, John, Lydia PHILLIPS, Juliet Clara
MITCHELL, John Mr. John Mitchell, now aged 84, arrived in January, 1837, when the colony was only a few days old, in the John Renwick. Mr. Mitchell started a tailor's shop where the Adelaide Gaol now stands, and made the first coat in South Australia for Mr. J. H. Fisher, afterwards the first mayor of Adelaide. Times were so rough that the new colonist had to turn to other business but tailoring, and lent his hand to any work that turned up. In spite of his many years Mr. Mitchell is still hale and and hearty, although he confesses that his memory is getting shaky.
Chronicle Saturday 04 January 1896 page 18
MITCHELL, Lydia 30 May 1806 - 16 June 1871 at Mount Gambier, SA
Buried Mount Gambier Lake Terrace Cemetery MITCHELL.—Died on Friday, the 16th 1871, at Mount Gambier, Lydia, the beloved wife of John Mitchell, aged 65 years. Arrived in the colony, by the JohnRenwick in February, 1837.
MITCHELL, Juliet Clara 1835 - 1873 Married DUNSTONE
MOON, John, Eliza HARDING, daughter
MOON, John Died 04 April 1897 Buried North Road Anglican Cemetery
MOON, Eliza Died 12 May 1896 at Walkerville, SA
MOON.—On the 12th May, 1896, at Stevens-terrace, Walkerville, ElizaMoon, aged 77 years and on the 4th April, 1897, John Moon, loving husband of the above, aged 84 years. Colonists of 60 years.
Buried North Road Anglican Cemetery
NASH, William, wife, 2 dau
NEWMAN, Thomas William
Thomas Newman, who came to Adelaide by the JohnRenwick, (which anchored at Holdfast Bay on February 27, 1837) wrote thus to his mother (Mrs. Newman), at Mr. Rose's dairy, Henry-street, Hempstead-road, London, under date of April 22, 1837:—"I have got an acre of ground of my own, which cost me £3 15/, and I have built me a good mud house, and I am going to sow some seed in my ground. I have bought me a new suit of clothes, with plenty of shirts, and am now earning £1 1/, with all my grub, every week I live, and I have got a good master, who is going to learn me to be a joiner and builder, and in eighteen months I am to have £1 16/, and victuals every week, and nothing would give me greater joy than for you to come and bring Mary with you, for you really would think you was in Greenwich Park." Mary was evidently his sweetheart, for he sends tender messages to her.
The Advertiser Friday 28 December 1923 page 6
Phillip Oakden was a merchant, well known in Tasmania and England. Oakden suburb is named after his nephew
THE LATE PHILIPOAKDEN, ESQ. ON THURSDAY morning Mr. Oakden breathed his last. His removal must be regarded as a loss to society. In early life he was engaged in business in London, but was unsuccessful. He then removed to Hamburgh, and in 1816, and for about 15 years afterwards, acted as a commission merchant, in partnership with Mr. Osmond Gilles. "The firm," says a letter before us, " was considered the first amongst the English residents in Hamburgh, and Mr. Oakden, in particular, was justly regarded as a gentleman of the highest character for integrity." His former failure was known from the fact that having been successful in Hamburgh, he repaired to England, called his creditors together at a dinner given by him, and paid each in full with interest. In testimony of their sense of Mr. Oakden's conduct, they presented him with plate, valued at £100. The following is the inscription:
Presented to PHILLIP OAKDEN, By gentlemen once his creditors, In testimony of the sense they entertain OF HIS HIGH HONOR AND MORAL RECTITUDE evinced by his paying in full, with interest, after a lapse of fifteen years, his partnership proportion of debts from which he had been HONORABLY AS WELL AS LEGALLY DISCHARGED. 1827.
Mr. Oakden left Hamburgh about the year 1829, and lived for some time in Liverpool. While there his religious impressions were deepened, and he joined the Wesleyan Society. He arrived in this colony in 1833, and was one of the members who first constituted a Wesleyan church in Launceston. He subsequently left for England, and in 1837, while there, formed the UnionBank. He has resided in Launceston since 1837. He has left a widow and six children to mourn their bereavement. In all the relations of life Mr. Oakden was amiable. As a husband, a parent, a friend-in the world and in the church, his conduct was irreproachable. Although not affluent his liberality was great-and the public institutions of this town possess evidence that lie never was appealed to in vain, either for his time, his support, or money, when the object was good. He was a man scrupulously just, candid, truthful, and sincere; and that religion he practiced and enjoyed, rendered him at the same time faithful in reproof and firm in resolution, when convinced he was right. Mr. Oakden has long been a sufferer, and for nearly twelve months contemplated death with calm composure. Physical causes for a time obscured his views and depressed his feelings, but as he approached the close of his career, the gloomy doubts dispersed, and his fears were removed. In noticing departed worth, it is of the highest importance when the subject, like the late Mr.Oakden,belongs to that company of whom it is said, " Blessed are the dead that die in the Lord; they rest.from their labors, and their works follow them."
Launceston Examiner Saturday 02 August 1851 page 2
PEARSON, John, Sarah
PLAYFORD John (brother of Hannah WELLBOUNE)
John Playford died and was buried at sea; Hannah WELLBOURNE (his sister) and her husband took charge of his effects.
In June 1836 John's brother Thomas, had paid £20 in London for a land order, which he handed to his brother John, who sailed for Port Adelaide in October, 1836, in the JohnRenwick. Fellow passengers were Hannah Welbourne (Mr. Playford's sister) and her husband Jacob Abbott, and William Finlayson. John Playford died and was buried at sea; Hannah and her husband took charge of his effects, including the land order. With this, Welbourne bought town acre 50 in Hindley street at the March, 1837, auction, and erected buildings on it. The acre cost £10. The rents were at Thomas Playford's request paid to his sister Hannah.
Chronicle Thursday 30 October 1952 page 43
1814 - Occupation of Labourer
RENDALL, John, Mary Ann GUNTHER
RENDALL, John Died 21 January 1887 RENDALL —Died on the 21st January 1887 , at Ann-street, Stepney, suddenly, John Rendall, aged 74 years. A colonist of 5O years. Arrived in the ship John Renwick, January, 1837. Father to Mrs. W. A. Wood, Burnside.
Another of the early settlers has gone to his long home. It may be remembered that Mr. and Mrs. John Rendall, of East Adelaide, celebrated their golden wedding in July last. Mr. Rendall was in Adelaide on Thursday evening last, but on arriving home he felt unwell, and, having retired for the night, he became worse and expired very peacefully at about 3.15 a.n. He arrived in the colony by the John Renwick on February 9, 1837 very nearly fifty years ago. He was 74 years of age, and has left a widow and three children.
South Australian Register Saturday 22 January 1887 page 4
RENDALL, Mary Ann nee GUNTHER Died 16 January 1901
RENDALL. — Died on the 16th January 1901, at the residence of her daughter (Mrs. W. A. Wood), Mary Ann, relict of the late John Rendall, aged 86. Arrived in ship JohnRenwick, February 9, 1837.
Mrs. M. A. Rendall died on Wednesday morning at the residence of her daughter, Mrs. W. A. Woods, of Kent Town. The deceased lady arrived in the colony by the JohnRenwick on February 9, 1837, with her late husband, Mr. John Rendall. She was nearly 87 years of age.
The Advertiser Thursday 17 January 1901 page 4 In the decease on Wednesday of Mrs. M. A. Rendall, South Australia lost an old and respected colonist. Mrs. Rendall arrived in South Australia by the ship John Renwick on February 9, 1837, and up to the time of her death, which occurred very suddenly, continuously enjoyed good health. It is a very strange coincidence that on the morning of her death The Herald received a letter from the deceased lady in which she pointed out that her son, Mr. William John Gibson Rendall, was an older native-born colonist than Mr. Jacobs, whose photograph we reproduced some time since. The Herald, asked its readers at the time to mention any native-born colonist older than Mr. Jacobs. In response to this request the late Mrs. Rendall forwarded a photograph of her son, with a brief biographical sketch. We will reproduce the photograph in a future issue.
Herald Saturday 19 January 1901 page 3
SADLER, Richard, Harriet
SADLER, Richard 1810 - 23 February 1872 SADLER.— Died at his residence, Apley House, Edwardstown, Richard Sadler, after a short and painful illness, aged 62 years. Arrived in the ship JohnRenwick in the year 1837. Buried St. Mary's Churchyard, Edwardstown, SA - no headstone Occupations of Postmaster and Storekeeper, residing at Edwardstown
SADLER, Harriet Died 29 Mary 1903 SADLER.- Died on the 29th May 1903, at the residence of her nephew (R. S. Hodges), Leicester-street, Parkside, Harriet, relict of the late Richard Sadler, of Edwardstown, aged 87 years. A colonist of 66 years. Arrived in ship JohnRenwick, February, 1837.
SCURR, William, wife, son, dau
SOUTER, William, wife, Ellen
Possibly Licensed Victualler of the Rainbow Tavern, Gouger Street, Adelaide in 1854
SOUTHMILL / (SOUTHWELL?), Samuel
SHAND One death during the passage of a man named Shand who was a drunkard and dropt down in his cabin, and before the doctor could be called he was dead
STEPHENS, William Henry, Sarah, Jane
STEPHENS, William Henry 1813 - 25 April 1842 Occupation of Baker, residing in Adelaide DIED—On Monday, the 25th instant, William HenryStephens, late of Weymouth street, baker, much respected by a numerous circle of friends. STEPHENS, Sarah
STEPHENS, Jane Died 02 October 1893 Buried West Terrace Cemetery Road 3 Path 12 E 25
We have to record the removal of another old colonist in the death of the late Mrs. Jane Botting, which occurred on Monday last. The deceased lady arrived in the ship John Renwick in the early part of 1837, and had consequently spent over 56 years of her life in the colony. She was the relict of the late Mr. F. H. Botting, and sister-in-law of Mr. F. J. Botting, the well-known auctioneer. " The funeral, which took place on Wednesday afternoon, was attended by a large number of old acquaintances and relatives. The service at the grave was conducted by the Rev. E. G. Day, minister of the New Jerusalem Church, of which the deceased had been a consistent member for a great many years. She leaves a son and daughter-in-law, 10 grandchildren, and a number of nephews and nieces.
The Express and Telegraph Thursday 05 October 1893 page 3
STRATFORD, John, Lucy CARTER, George, Mary
STRATFORD, John 1812 - 04 July 1895
STRATFORD.—Died On the 4th July 1895, at Adelaide, John Stratford. Arrived in ship John Renwick in 1837. Aged 83 years.
On Thursday Mr. John Stratford, a colonial who dates from 1837, died in the Adelaide Hospital whither he had been removed from his late residence at Hindmarsh He arrived in South Australia a month later than than the first Governor in the JohnRenwick, on which vessel Mr. Tucker, the father of the Mayor of Adelaide, was then an apprentice. After living for some years at North Adelaide he passed with many other able-bodied males to the gold diggings in Victoria, but did not find much of the precious metal. He returned in the fifties and settled at Hindmarsh, remaining there until his last illness. Mr. Stratford was 83 years old at the time of his death. He leaves 1 son, 2 daughters, 20 grandchildren and 1 great- grandchild. Not long ago Mr Stratford and Mr. Mitchell, shipmates, met around the grave of a fellow passenger at Hindmarsh cemetery after an interval of absence from each other of over 50 years. The funeral will take place this afternoon at the Hindmarsh cemetery.
The Adelaide Advertiser Saturday 06 July 1895 page 6
Mr. John Stratford, one of South Australia's pioneers, died in the Adelaide Hospital on Thursday from senile decay at the age of eighty-three. He came to the colony in the ship JohnRenwick in 1837. For several years after his arrival he resided at North Adelaide. In 1853 he, like many others, made for the Victorian gold diggings, but was unsuccessful. On his return he settled at Hindmarsh, where he resided with his relatives until his removal to the Hospital a fortnight previous to his death. He leaves a son and two daughters, eighteen grandchildren, and one great-grandchild.
Evening Journal Friday 05 July 1895 page 2
STRATFORD, Lucy nee CARTER 1808 - 27 July 1837
STRATFORD, George 1833 -
STRATFORD, Mary 1835 - 30 June 1887 at Adelaide, SA
Married Thomas TIBBY
WELBOURN, Thomas, Hannah PLAYFORD (sister of John PLAYFORD)
Thomas and Hannah Welbourn lived and kept a bakery and "Mrs. Welbourn's Kangaroo Eating House." His parents left England on October 18, 1836. in the ship JohnRenwick (403 tons), arrived here on February 10, 1837. Related To Premier Mrs. Welbourn before marriage was Hannah Playford, sister of the Rev. Thomas Playford. At the first sale of Adelaide Town acres in 1837 they bought acre No. 50 in Hindley street, seemingly for her brother who came here in 1844. The Welbourns lived on this block for some years. The price paid was round £10 highest for the sale. Recently part of this block was sold for £87,500.
The Advertiser Monday 19 July 1854 page 4
WELBOURN, Thomas 1812 - 13 October 1879 in Adelaide, SA Occupations of Labourer, Shepherd and Publican residing at Adelaide and Hermitage
WELLS, George 1812 - 30 November 1892 at Prospect, SA Occupation of Shoemaker residing at Adelaide, SA WELLS.—Died on the 30th November 1892, at the residence of his son-in-law (J. Bryant), Prospect, George Wells, aged 79 years; leaving three sons, four daughters, thirty-four grandchildren, and eight great-grandchildren to mourn their loss. Arrived in ship JohnRenwick, February, 1837.
WELLS, Sarah nee WILSON 1815 - 29 August 1882 at Brompton, SA The wife of Mr. George Wells, late of Clarendon, died suddenly at Brompton on Tuesday morning. August 29. Deceased, who had been an invalid for many years, was comparatively well up to 4 o'clock on Monday, when she was attacked with apoplexy, and became unconscious, remaining in that state till her death. Dr. Stewart attended to the case, and gave a certificate of burial. Deceased was 57 years of age, and arrived in the colony 45 years ago in the John Renwick.
South Australian Register Thursday 31 August 1882 page 5
WELLS, James 1835 -
WYATT, Adolphus Valentine, Sarah Eliza WADE
WYATT, Adolphus Valentine 1814 - 26 December 1862 at Semaphore, SA Occupations of Brazier, Smith, Landlord and Storekeeper residing at Hindmarsh, Port Adelaide and Adelaide. Appointed Keeper of the Public Pound in April 1860 Excused from Jury duty August 1862 due to ill health.
Dr. Woodforde held an inquest on Saturday morning, at the Hope Inn. Hindmarsh on the body of Adolphus Valentine Wyatt, a colonist of 26 years standing, who, till within the last fort-night, had been landlord of that inn, and formerly kept the Halfway House, on the Port-road, but had recently retired from business. It appeared, from the evidence of the widow and of Mrs. Jane Pritchard, a neighbour, that the deceased, with themselves and- their children, went on Friday afternoon to the sea beach, near the Reedbeds. The deceased had been playing with his children, and being fond of the water he turned up his trousers and walked for some distance into the sea —a thing which he was not unaccustomed to do. The women, who were, standing on the beach, soon , saw him go down into the water. They thought at first that be was swimming, and felt surprised at his doing so with his clothes on but they soon became convinced that he was drowning. Mrs. Wyatt rushed in and succeeded in dragging him ashore, but he was quite dead. The deceased was a corpulent man, predisposed to apoplexy, and the contortion of his face-tended to strengthen the belief that his death had-been occasioned by a fit such was the view taken by the Coroner; and the Jury, under his. directions, returned a verdict, "That the deceased died from a fit of apoplexy while in the water."
Adelaide Observer Saturday 03 January 1863 page 3
WYATT, Sarah Eliza nee WADE 30 November 1816 - 20 November 1895 at Norwood, SA COBB.— Died on the 20th November 1895, at her residence, 16, Cairns-street, Norwood, Mrs. Sarah Eliza Cobb, relict of the late A. V. Wyatt, of Hindmarsh, aged 77 years. Arrived in the ship JohnRenwick, April, 1837.
Another old colonist has passed away in the person of Mrs. Sarah E. Cobb, who died at Cairns-street, Norwood, on Wednesday night. She arrived in Holdfast Bay early in 1837 in the ship JohnRenwick, which was one of the first vessels to go up the Port stream. Mrs. Cobb was born on November 30, 1816, and was married at the age of 18 to Mr. A. V. Wyatt,who died more than 30 years ago at Hindmarsh. She afterwards married Mr. J. H. Cobb, of Crafers. There are three surviving daughters, Mrs. R F. Jones, of Maylands, Mrs. L. E. Baruh, of Norwood, and Mrs. E. Smith, of Parkside. The late Mr. William Wyatt, chemist, of Hindmarsh, was a son of Mis. Cobb. The funeral will take place an Friday. The John Renwick, which arrived just after South Australia was proclaimed, attempted the passage at the Port stream under the pilotage of Captain Lipson, the first harbormaster, who ran her ashore. She got off, but went aground on the opposite side of the river.
The Advertiser 21 November 1895 page 6
WYATT William, Julia DARBY
WYATT, William May 1805 - 11 June 1886 at Burnside, SA
Buried West Terrace Cemetery Occupations of Surgeon, Protector of Aborigines and Inspector of Schools, residing at Burnside and Adelaide.
Some 55 years ago, when boys liked walking, and Waterfall Gully had much of the attraction of an. unexplored country, I the writer, and his brother, with other friends, made frequent excursions up the "gully" to the head of the fall, and thence to Mount Lofty, or Eagle on the Hill. The picturesque garden, or rather park, of Dr. Wyatt; held, in those far-off days, much of the glamour of a primeval forest ''Kurralta' (an aboriginal word, meaning, "on the hill"') commands a magnificent panorama of the Adelaide plains, with the level, blue line of the sea as a background. The house is one of the oldest dwellings in the State, and has some claim to architectural beauty and design. The wide cut stone arches are keyed, and the general plan follows the construction of an old English manor house. Sir George S. Kingston was the architect. Built more than 80 years ago, the house shows but little evidence of the ravages of sun and rain. Mr. and Mrs. P. lfould have carefully preserved in both the dwelling and the garden, many relics of the fine old- English settlers of the State. The writer was shown a handsome old- mahogany telescope table 22 ft: long,', when fully extended. This was purchased at the sale of- the effects of the Right. Hon: G. C. Kingston, is said to 'have been brought out in the Rapid, and was probably, used by Col. Light in. drawing his plans of Adelaide. A mantelpiece, of Italian marble naturally stained, forms a striking ornament of the drawing room. One of the window panes has been scratched with the name of the ill-fated son of Dr. Wyatt. In the kitchen were, a manor-house oven with a series of dampers for controlling the temperature, ; made by Flavel. & Co.. of Leamington, County Warwick, England, and a. combined safe and icechest, ingeniously contrived to mare use of the gully breezes. An iron pipe led through a hole in the wall of the kitchen, and ended a broad funnel, through which a strong current of mountain air passed over a trough containing water, thus keeping eatables at- an equable temperature. In .the cellar fitted with shelves was an old ease, once used as a bookcase,' and with the excise stamp on .the cover. In the garden the trees and shrubs planted by Dr. Wyatt are devotedly tended. These comprise plants from many-climes, for the, old doctor was an enthusiastic botanist. A Friend of the Aborigines. He arrived in South Australia by the Ship John Renwick, in February, 1837,- just a few weeks after the proclamation of the colony. He was the first colonial surgeon, having come out in the ship in that capacity. He was one of the purchasers at the first land sale held in Adelaide, on May 27, 1837. He secured town acres 140, on the south side of Grenfell street; 165 and 160, on the north side of Pine street; - 20S. on the south side of Pirie, street. This is the land which forms the nucleus of the Wyatt Benevolent Fund. It was not till 1843 that he bought section.' 003,' afterwards known as Kurralta, which contains 90 acres, and is one of the few large estates now remaining within easy reach of the city. On August 7, 1837, Dr. Wyatt was appointed 'ad interim' Protector , of Aborigines, and also City Coroner. Governor Hindmarsh desired that the attention of the Protector should be devoted to the following objects:— (1) To ascertain the strength, number, and disposition of the tribes, more especially of those in the neighbourhood of the settled districts; (2) to. protect them in the undisturbed enjoyment of their proprietary rights to such land as might be occupied by them in any special manner; (3) to encourage as much as possible, the friendly disposition to the immigrants which at that time existed; (4) to induce them to labour either for themselves or for the settlers; (5) and to lead them by degrees to the advantage of civilization and religion. A fine character of liberty and fair dealing conceived in an admirable spirit, : but alas! unwarrantable interferences by some of the lower type of -white settlers led to reprisals by the blacks. The great-hearted doctor stoutly defended his proteges and roundly charged the whites with being the aggressors. The' aggrieved settlers sent home a petition for the doctor's immediate recall, but his reply was so overwhelmingly convincing that, he was not only continued in his office, but highly commended for his zeal on behalf of the wronged, aborigines. 'There is little doubt that, the subsequent. humane treatment of the dispossessed natives was largely due to D.r. Wyatt's influence. Esteemed by the Colonists. His conspicuous .ability, and obvious disinterestedness eventually gained the confidence , the settlers as well as of, the authorities. His name appeared on the first grand jury list published in The South Australian Gazette of January 20, 1838, and on March 1 following he was appointed Visiting Magistrate. On May 23 he was elected to the committee of the South Australian School Society. Thirteen years later he was gazetted as Inspector of Schools, and in the following year became a member of the Board of Examinations for candidates for the Civil Service. In these positions he proved a stanch friend of a true and liberal education. He took a keen interest in obtaining funds for, the establishments the Adelaide. Infirmary; as it was termed. On December 4, 1838, he was appointed by the Governor a member of the board for the general control and management of the infirmary 'which merged into the Adelaide Hospital, of which he was appointed Chairman in 1870, an office which he held for 10 years. On December 5, 1845, he was elected a member of the Medical Board. Public Achievements. On January 27, 1840, he was among others named by the, Magistrates to form in conjunction with the Auditor-General the Board' of Audit proposed by His Excellency on something the same principle as the Committee of Public Accounts recently appointed by the Premier. On January 8, 1837 the Lieut. Governor appointed him Coroner for the province in the room of W.J. Nicholls, who had resigned. The building of the first railway to connect the Port with the city began to be mooted in 1849, and a company was formed to carry-out the project. Dr. Wyatt's name appears on the provisional committee of the South Australian Railway Company. In February; 1851, the worthy doctor was elected City Commissioner in succession to Mr. (afterwards Sir Samuel) Davenport, who had resigned.
The Register Monday 02 January 1928 page 8
WYATT, Julia nee DARBY Died 14 March 1898 at Burnside, SA Buried West Terrace Cemetery Road 2 Path 21 E 12 THE Friends of the late Mrs JULIAWYATT, T Widow of the late Dr. William Wyatt, are respectfully informed that her REMAINS will be Removed from her late Residence. "Kurralta," near Burnside, THIS DAY (Wednesday), at 1 p.m., for Interment in the West-terrace Cemetery. Friends please accept this intimation. PENGELLKY & KKABE, Telephone 493. Undertakers and Embalmers.
We regret to announce the death of Mrs.Wyatt. widow or the late Dr. William Wyatt, which took place at her residence, Kurralta, Burnside, on Monday. The deceased lady was one of the oldest as well as one of the most interesting of South Australian pioneers. She arrived at Kangaroo Island with her husband in the -ship John Renwick on February 10, 1836, before the surreys of Adelaide were begun. Dr. Wyatt, who died twelve years ago, came to the colony as Protector of Aborigines, and some years later was appointed Inspector of Schools under the first Education Act. He was also Chairman of the Adelaide Hospital Board, end in the early days bad a large practice. Mr. and Mrs.Wyatt encountered the trials and hardships of pioneer life. Their only habitations when they landed were tents, and eventually they settled in Wyatt-street, off Grenfell-street, which was named after the late doctor. Mrs.Wyatt had great literary abilities. In her younger days she died at about the age of eighty five— she contributed to the local Press, social questions being her principal theme. The deceased also published a souvenir book for private circulation, the contents being translations from the French and essays of her own. A series of articles on a variety of subjects which appeared in the Press were reproduced in book form. Mrs.Wyatt had a great taste for modelling, and her friends possess many beautiful specimens of her work. Among others she executed most delicate and faithful portraits in wax of the late Sir Dominick Daly, Sir R.D. Ross and Sir William and Lady Jervois, who were made the recipients of them. Her artisitic tastes also found scope in pencil and pen-and-ink sketches. Mrs.Wyatt was always benevolently in lined and the Children's Hospital, North Adelaide, the Children's Home, Walkerville and various refuges and charitable institutions were enriched by her philanthropic deeds. The deceased was a native of Cael, Norway, and was a sister in-law of Dr. Nash, Oite time Colonial Surgeon of South Australia. Kurralta was one of (the late Dr. Wyatt's earnest estates, and, translated from the native tongue means "Up there.' The funeral will take place to-morrow afternoon. South Australian Register Tuesday 15 March 1898 page 4