The Isabella By Ida M. Forsyth The Isabella sailed from England in 1836, and after a long and comfortless voyage arrived towards the end of the year in Tasmania. After a few weeks there, where a supply of sheep, cows, bullocks. horses. and other animals were shipped, the Isabella sailed for South Australia, where she arrived early in February, 1837. John Barton Hack, with his wife and six children, and his brother Stephen, must have taken up much of the passenger space on the little vessel. There was a woman passenger for Tasmania and at the last minute an unexpected passenger arrived inthe person of Sir John Jeffcott - appointed judge to the new colony. He was accommodated on a sofa in the lounge, as all berths were engaged. He made the best of things and proved a pleasant companion. He, with Mr. Blenkinsopp, was later drowned at the Murray Mouth, December. 1837. Mr. Hack in his diary writes most interestingly of the voyage, the arrival in South Australia, and the development of the new province. Too Much Luggage The little Isabella proved quite unequal at the start to taking all their luggage, and the greater part of it had to be forwarded later from London. They had with them, though, two Mannings cottages of two rooms each, not wishing to spend time in a tent on arrival. Even then Mr. Hack wrote in his diary, "We find the work of pioneer settling very hard, and should be sorry to recommend any of our friends at home to undergo the ordeal. When we can manage the kitchen it will be much better." Certainly his experiences with his sheep and cattle were very disheartening before the land was fenced and yards were built. "We have great trouble in finding the cattle inthe mornings. We should be helpless with out the horses. The bull and heifers are missing today. I am paying a man 18/ a week and board to look after them at night and bring them in to be yoked and milked. If he always brought them in we should be gainers by the expense." Mr. Hack claimed the honor of milking the first cow, one of his heifers having calved soon after landing. Delay of allotment of land to the settlers caused much hardship, as everything was dear and money dwindled while people waited for land on which to settle. Stanch Quaker Of the Governor he says:-"It is a misfortune that Hindmarsh is not a different character. He seems well-intentioned, and may have been an efficient naval captain, but he is firm and determined to an excess. The possibility of his doing harm is fortunately very limited, so much power being vested inthe Resident Commissioner, Mr. J. H. Fisher, while as to the site of the city, Col. Light, Surveyor-General, has full power to act." Mr. Hack was a stanch Quaker, and it was through his efforts that the first Quaker Church--"The House of Friends," which stood on Pennington terrace-was built. He and his family were always eager to welcome other quakers to thecolony. Miss Skottowe, a descendant of John Barton Hack, represents the Isabella in this competition. There were several boats named Isabella inthe early days of thecolony. Capt. Collett Barker's Isabella was another boat. This Isabella was wrecked on Cape Northumberland on April 13 1837. when Mr. Hack and Capt. Hart both lost heavily - the cargo not being insured. Descendants of the arrivals inthe Isabella are Mrs. W. A. Magarey, Miss Louisa Hack. Mr. Jack Hack, Mr. Noel Meyric Hack, Mrs. A. B. Skottowe, Mrs. Edwin Scales, John Barton Hack, Julia: and Guelda Hack, Bishop Howse, of Riverina, Miss Stella Hack, Mrs. P. W Marshall, Mrs. M. B. Crooks, and Miss W. M. Egerton-Warburton. Tomorrow-Story of the Buffalo, represented by Miss Audrey Morphett.
News Friday 07 August 1936 page 4
GILLES, Lewis William 1796 - 02 January 1884 at Glen Osmond, SA
State Library of South Australia B 6982
Son of Osmond and Hannah GILLES Came from Tasmania Occupation of Mine Manager, Storekeeper, Sailor and Pastoralist Resided North Adelaide and Glen Osmond Buried Glen Osmond St. Saviours Anglican Cemetery
Lewis William Gilles, in his later years and possibly taken in Victoria. He arrived in Tasmania at the age of 27 in 1823, where he was the manager of Archer, Gilles and Company Bank established in Launceston in 1840. It was absorbed and merged to become ANZ Bank Ltd. Mr LW Gilles began life as a naval officer, and moved to Tasmania to establish the Tamar Bank. He came to Adelaide in 1844. He and his family moved to assist his older brother Osmond Gilles, who was a Colonial Treasurer, with managing the lead and silver mine at Glen Osmond Mine. He held positions in the Victorian public service stationed briefly in Hepburn (Srings?) and approximately 14 years as a magistrate in Warrnambool. He retired from there at the age of 69 in 1866. Osmond Gilles died that year, and he resided at the family property 'Woodley' in Glen Osmond until he died in 1884.
State Library of South Australia
One of the Pioneers of Australia. There appeared in our telegraphic news from South Australia a few days since an announcement of the death of a very early colonist, and one who played an important part in the early history of Australia — Mr. LewisWilliamGilles, aged 88 years. In 1810 he entered the Navy, and served as flag-midshipman on board his Majesty's ship St. Domingo, Captain Gill ; afterwards served on board H.M. Cleopatra, England being at war at that time with several continental Powers. On peace being proclaimed he retired from the Navy, and went into commercial pursuits in Hamburg. Finally, in company with his father-in-law, the late Benjamin Horne, of Chiswiek, Tasmania, the late Rev. John Dunmore Lang, and others, he emigrated to Tasmania, taking with him a number of pure-bred merino sheep, obtained from the celebrated stud of the King of Saxony, embarking on board the ship Andromeda, and some eight months afterwards landed at Hobart Town, where he invested his capital in pastoral pursuits, the first and second year's clip of wool being thrown aside from the want of means of transit to the mother country, but afterwards it realised 2s. 6d. in the London market These sheep are said by many colonists of the present day to have been the first pure-bred merinos brought to the colonies, and at every annual etud sale the blood is to be found at Messrs. Mort's rooms. Mr. Gilles, being of an active turn of mind, relinquished his squatting pursuits, and engaged in connection with the late Joseph Archer and Philip Oakden in establishing a private bank of deposit and issue, styled the Tamar Bank ; but some years afterwards, in consequence of the Bank of Australasia starting in Launceston, it was found necessary to increase the capital of their private bank, and the late Mr. Oakden visited England, and formed the present Union Bank of Australia, the Tamar Bank merging into the Union, under the management of Mr. Gilles and the directory of the others. As the new concern was under the direction of London advisers, and not in accordance with the requirements' of the colony, Mr, Gilles relinquished the management, and appointed Mr. William Fletcher (afterwards inspector) his succeesor, and then formed the private banking house of Archer, Gilles, and Co., who were for many years the leading bankers in the colony. In 1844 the great commercial crisis took place, and the merchants and banks all suffered very heavy losses, one of the causes being the fall in the price of wheat from about 20s. to 28. 6d. a bushel, at that period Tasmania supply ing all the other colonies. During this time Mr. Gilles was also a breeder on ' Corra Lynn ' of choice short horn stock, which at his annual sales realised high prices, and were distributed over the southern colonies. He afterwards visited England, and in 1852, at the outbreak of the goldfields in Victoria, he accepted the position of Assistant Colonial Secretary, and later on that of resident magistrate at Warrnambool, finally retiring from the civil service on a well-earned pension. He again visited England in the Kiacora, the first Panama mail boat, and some two years afterwards returned and settled on his late brother's estate, Glen Osmond, South Australia, where he died on the 2nd instant, at the age of 88 years. He was & man of considerable literary attainments, a good linguist, and a true type of the old English gentleman. Two of his sons are now residing in this city.
The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser Saturday 12 January 1884 page 89
HACK, John Barton, Bridget WATSON, William, Edward, Annie Mary, Louisa, Alfred, Bedford, Stephen
HACK, John Barton 18 July 1805 - 04 October 1884 at Semaphore, SA
Courtesy of the State Library of South Australia B47769/230
Born Chichester, Sussex, England Son of Stephen and Elizabeth HACK nee BARTON Occupation of Farmer, Whaler and Merchant Resided Echunga, Semaphore and Paracombe Buried Cheltenham Cemetery, SA Section A Drive B Path 5 site 8
A book called Chequered Lives is the fascinating story of a Quaker family from England who camped on the beach in 1837 before the city of Adelaide was created, but rose to owning a 3000-acre estate in the Adelaide Hills. Barton Hack built his first house where the Adelaide Railway station now stands, became a merchant who owned ships, a whaling station and the first vineyard in the Province, and was chairman of the first Chamber of Commerce in Australia. His younger brother Stephen became a grazier and explorer. After they lost everything in the crash of 1841-1843, their lives took a very different turn. When Barton’s great-great-granddaughter, journalist Iola Mathews, opened a trunk full of their letters, diaries and memoirs, she knew she had to write the family’s story. ISBN 9781743052587
The retirement of Mr. JohnBartonHack —a colonist known and respected during almost the whole of the last half-century throughout South Australia—from his position of Comptroller of Railway Aceounts, offers an opportunity for the publication of some interesting particulars relative to his career. Mr. Hack has had many ups and downs. He has experienced vicissitudes, which would have utterly subdued the spirit of many a less brave and determined man. But with him buffeting seemed to give increased endurance; and he stands to-day, after nearly fifty years of very varied colonial life, a thoroughly hale, hearty, and sturdy South Australian veteran, of whom we are all justly proud. We give below from Mr. Hack's own pen some very interesting outlinings of his autobiography. These, however, should be prefaced by a short skeleton sketch of the history of this—one of the oldest and in the early years most prominent of our colonists. Mr. Hack was born in Chichester, England. He came of a good sturdy Quaker stock, his family being known and held in high esteem all through that section of the country. The date of his birth goes back nearly seventy nine years ago—to July, 1805. He remained in England until he was over thirty-one years of age, and then—though at that time blessed with six olive branches—broke up his English home because his health was failing and determined to try his fortune in Australia. In February. 1837, he landed at Port Adelaide vathi his family from the old ship Isabella. With him came a younger brother, Mr. Stephen Hack; and the two between them brought to the colony some well-selected stock. With these they started a station not far from Adelaide, bat, for reasons detailed below, they were not over successful. Of course they tried again in other capacities. Mr. J. B. Hack was the first public works contractor under the Government, and almost from the first month of his arrival a prominent colonist. The Directory of 1840, for instance, shows his name on the Boards of Management or committees of all the institutions, save one there mentioned. He was onthefirstGrand Jury list he was Chairman of the Chamber of Commerce ; he was on the committee of the Botanical and Horticultural Gardens Board: he was Auditor of the old Literary and Scientific Association and Mechanics' Institute; he was Vice-President of the S.A. Agricultural Society, of which he had been the first Chairman ; he was a Director of the Adelaide Auction Company; he was a member of the Association for the Prosecution of Felons, assisting in the arrest of cattle-stealers ; and he was on the directorate of the Joint-stock Pastoral Company. He was, too, a liberal benefactor by donation and active work to charitable and educational institutions. In August of 1839 he subscribed £100 towards the College funds, and three months later gave £10 to the Infirmary—not to mention his smaller gifts. About this time he established a well-known garden at what is now known as Irish Town, Lower North Adelaide, but which then and for a long time bore the name (in honour of Mr. Hack's native place) of Chichester. He was one of the purchasers of the first city acres sold, and losing heavily through depreciation land f values "i 1842. he nevertheless abated not his enterprise. He started a whale fishery concern, but lost by that too. Then he worked hard and successfully as a surveyor and in many other capacities. He did not amass and keep the wealth which his energy entitled him to; and so in June, 1869, at the age of 64 years, he found it necessary to enter the Government service in subordinate position. A year later—July 1870—he was appointed Assistant Accountant of Railways, holding that post until February 1, 1873, when be exchanged it for that of Comptroller of Railway Accounts a position whose duties he performed with great satisfaction until a few weeks ago when he retired from active business. In the early years his colonial life was full of interesting incident, and the following record, written characteristically by Mr. Hack, will doubtless be read with interest.
Evening Journal Saturday 26 April 1884 page 3
HACK, Bridget nee WATSON 1805 - 20 July 1881 at Semaphore, SA
Courtesy of the State Library of South Australia B 10506
Daughter of William and Martha WATSON nee WATERHOUSE
DEATH OF MRS.J.B.HACK.—The demise of this lady diminishes still more the fast decreasing list of pioneer colonists. Her husband has made his mark on the records of South Australia. So long ago as 1837 he purchased a number of town acres, and was present at the ceremony of naming the streets of the infant city in May of the same year. The deceased lady was mother of Mr. T. Hack, ex- Mayor of Port Adelaide, and of several other sons who are still alive.
Evening Journal Thursday 21 July 1881 page 3
HACK, William 1828 - 20 April 1900 at Stewart Range, SA
Courtesy of the State Library of South Australia B 7759/4
Buried Naracoorte, SA
Another of our oldest residents, Mr. William Hack, of Stewart's Range, died suddenly on Friday afternoon last. He was working on a neighbor's farm when he dropped dead. The matter was reported to the police, who made enquiries and submitted the facts to Dr. Macmillan , who deemed an inquest unnecessary, the cause of death being heart disease. The deceased was a son of the late Mr. John Barton Hack, a pioneer colonist, who was prominently identified with the early history of South Australia. He was born in England in 1828, and came to the colony with his parents in 1837 . He was at the Victoria Gold rush in 1852, and since then has spent most of his time in the south-east, following principally pastoral and grazing pursuits. He came to this district 35 years ago. Mr. Hack had been twice married, and his second wife and several children survive him. Messrs. Theodore, Bedford, Charles, Alfred, and Edward Hack, the well-known colonists, are brothers oF the deceased.
The Advertiser Thursday 26 April 1900 page 7
HACK, Edward 1829 - 25 September 1904 at Prospect, SA
Born Chichester, Sussex, England Resided North Adelaide Buried Dudley Park Cemetery
Mr. EdwardHack, who died at his residence, Rose street, Prospect, on Sunday night, was an old colonist. He was born at Chester, England, 75 years ago, and arrived in South Australia with his father, the late John Barton Hack, in February, 1837, in the Isabella. He was in the early days connected with the Burra and Monta cute Copper Mines, and carted the first load of copper to Port Adelaide from the Burra. Mr. Hack went to the Bendigo Goldfields early in the fifties, and after many years returned to South Australia after the loss of his first wife. He then joined a survey party with Mr. Graham Stuart, and remained with the Government till he was retrenched at the age of 62. He was afterwards a storekeeper until a few years ago, when he retired. For 26 years he was a local preacher with the Primitive Methodists, and was a great worker in the cause of Methodist union. Mr. Hack has left a widow and one son by the second marriage and two daughters by the first marriage and about 30 grandchildren and three great-grandchildren.
Adelaide Observer Saturday 01 October 1904 page 34
HACK, Annie Mary 1829 - 17 February 1839
DIED.—On Sunday, February 17, 1839, Annie MaryHack, eldest daughter of John Barton Hack, Esq., aged nine and a half years.
South Australian Gazette and Colonical Register Saturday 02 March 1839 page 6
HACK, Louisa 1831 - 07 August 1865 Married Patrick James TOD (died 30 May 1855) remarried Kingston LINDEN of Plymouth, Engladn
HACK, Alfred 1833 - 07 June 1908 at North Unley, SA
Courtesy of the State Library of South Australia B7759/1
Occupation of Councillor and Auctioneer Resided Adelaide, Port Willunga and Aldinga Buried Cheltenham Cemetery Section J Crive C Path 5 141N
Mr. AlfredHack, third son of the late Mr John Barton Hack, died at his residence, Miller street, North Unley, on Sunday morning, in his seventy-fifth year. Mr. Hack was born in Chichester, Sussex, and arrived in South Australia in the Isabella in 1837. He was for many years sanitary inspector for the City of Adelaide, and during recent years was an agent on his own account. Mr. Hack has left two sons—Mr. J. B. Hack, of Unley road, and Mr. Fred Hack, of Messrs. Hack & Pengilley, Flinders street. Messrs. Bedford and Charles Hack, of Adelaide, are brothers.
Observer Saturday 13 June 1908 page 38
HACK, Bedford 1835 - 26 April, 1912 at North Adelaide, SA
Courtesy of the State Library of South Australia B 7759/4
MR. BEDFORD HACK. Mr. Bedford Hack, formerly manager of the Islington Sewage Farm, died at the North Adelaide private hospital, on April 26, after a protracted illness. He was in his 77th year, and was well known, and highly respected all over the State. He retired from his position at the Sewage Farm under the Senptuagenaraus Act in June, 1908. He was born on August 10, 1835, and left England in September, 1836, with bis parents on board the Isabella, which was in charge of the late Captain John Hart, who settled down at Port Adelaide, and became Premier of the State in 1866. . He was educated in Adelaide, and at the age of 15 went with the Keeling and Kirkham families to Finniss Flat, now known as Ashbourne, to learn dairying. Twelve months after that the gold diggings at Bendigo broke out, and he went over there with his father and two brothers. They stayed there nearly two years and did fairly well. After returning to Adelaide he went to New South Wales with his brother Edward to join his uncle, Mr. Stephen Hack, who had a large dairying establishment at Brocklesby, the Upper Murray, about 50 miles south of Albury. He stayed there 12 months, and then was engaged by Mr. Hume, the owner of the run on which the dairy was situated, as stock keeper, and took a large mob of cattle to Melbourne during the drought of 1853. He came back to Adelaide and was employed by the late Mr.. Edward Stirling as storekeeper on his property at Rankine's Ferry, Point Sturt where he had charge of the cattle. From there he went to Pernuna (now known as Angepina) station as manager for the late Hon. John Baker. Afterwards he joined his father on the Coorong, where he had a dairy, and they stocked the country known as Bonney's Cap. east of the Coorong. In 1861 he returned to the service of Mr. Baker in the north. In the same year he went into, partnership with Mr Thomas Elder and stocked land on the Coorong. The partnership agreement was for seven years, and at the end of the period the firm was 'droughted'' out, and the partnership' was dissolved. Mr. Hack went to the Northern Territory with a party went out to finish the overland telegraph line, and returned to Adelaide in 1872 after experiencing many adventures. His connection with the Civil Service began on January 1, 1873, in the Survey Department, and after serving us Crown lands ranger, warden of goldfields, and a valuer, of 1889 improvements, he was retrenched by 1889 and given six months' leave on full pay. However, a fortnight before the expiration of his leave he was appointed manager of the Sewage Farm, and he held that position for 19 years. He made it a paying concern, and his management gave the utmost satisfaction to the Government. The area was increased by 160 acres during his term, and the general responsibility increased also, because the drainage area was much enlarged, but he managed to dispose of the whole of the sewage satisfactorily. Mr. Buck leaves two sons Mr. B. P. Hack, of Murgoo, Western Australia, and Mr. R. S. Hack, of Western Australia), and one daughter (Mrs. C. Jones, of Prospect). The funeral will take place at the Woodville Cemetery this afternoon.
Chronicle Saturday 04 May 1912 page 44
HACK, Stephen 1836 -
HACK, Stephen (brother of John Barton HACK)
Declared insolvent in 1843 Stephen finished up in prison and fell out with his brother, which lasted for many years. Returned to England with his wife and two children 14 August 1844
HART, Capt John (crew) 25 February 1809 - 28 January 1873 at Adelaide, SA
Courtesy of the State Library of South Australia B 22875
Born Devonshire, England Son of John Herriott and Mary HART nee GLANVILLE Occupation of Merchant, M.P,., Mariner and Miller Resided Port Adelaide and Semaphore Buried North Road Cemetery, Nailsworth, SA
THE HON. JOHNHART, C.M.G. The news we have to publish today of the sudden death of the Hon. JohnHart, C.M.G., member of Parliament for the Burra, will awaken deep regret through the length and breadth of the colony. Mr. Hart was no ordinary man, he was a useful and an enterprising colonist, and during the course of his public career he has occupied the highest positions in the Government of the colony. Few men could have been worse pared ; and his death leaves a blank in public affairs which perhaps no other man can adequately fill. Mr. Hart has been complaining of indisposition for about a week past, but there was nothing in his ailment to cause the slightest anxiety to himself or his friends. He came to town on Tuesday, and in his intercourse with those who met him he was as bright and cheerful as ever. At 3 o'clock he took the chair at the half-yearly meeting of the Mercantile Marine Association, of which he was one of the founders and Directors. In answer to questions proposed with respect to the balance-sheet, he gave all necessary information in his usual clear and sagacious way. In replying to one question proposed by a shareholder present, he fell off his chair on to the floor, from which he was raised by Mr. Cornish, a co-Director, and without a word or a sigh he breathed his last. Dr. Gosse was at once sent for, but on his arrival, in & very short time, he found that life was extinct. The brave old man died as he had lived—in harness. As soon as the news of his death was known, it spread like wildfire throughout the city. Everywhere small knots of people were seen talking over the mournful event, and expressing their regret at the apparently untimely removal of one of South Australia's best colonists. For a time the public appeared to be stunned by the sad news, and there seemed to be an unwillingness to believe it; but when the melancholy fact was put beyond all doubt, hard-headed business men held their breath, and discussed it in subdued tones. Mr. Hart was emphatically a self-made man. We believe he first came out to these colonies as the mate of a brig trading to Tasmania; and in his early career he was engaged in the whaling trade in the neighborhood of Encounter Bay. Very soon, however, he abandoned the sea, and devoted him self to commercial pursuits. He was never ashamed of the struggle he had in early life, and nothing could be more delightful than to listen to some of his old stories—racy of the sea—which he told with wonderful humor. Even in Parliament he not unfrequently found an illustration of some argument, or a point to some appeal, in an old tale of the sea, which was always received with delight. As a business man, he was quick, shrewd, and sagacious, and his judgment was but rarely at fault. From small beginnings he became a wealthy man. Though venturesome, he was by no means reckless. He early laid down for himself a few business principles, which he was prepared to follow out under all circumstances, and which generally proved to be successful. He served himself, but at the same time he served the colony by his enterprise. Few business men in South Australia have been better known or more respected than Mr. Hart. He moved about a good deal amongst the colonies, and had business transactions with them all. But it is as a politician that he was berst known in South Australia. He was one of the first members returned under Constitutional Government, and from the time he took his seat in the House of Assembly he occupied a prominent position there. He filled several times the more important offices in the Government. While in the Ministry be led the House with considerable tact, and he was always at home in dealing with financial matters. Though he made no pretensions to be considered an eloquent speaker—indeed he was often almost painful in his hesitating utterance—his huge experience, sound sense, singular sagacity, and power of seizing the points of an argument, always led to his being respectfully listened to, while his hearty good humor and amusing power of illustration some times carried the House with him iv spite of their better judgment. He had a fine talent for mystifying what he did not care to explain—no mean gift in a Parliamentary leader. Notwithstanding his hesitating utterance his speeches when carefully reported generally read well, and left the impression on the minds of his readers that he was a shrewd, far seeing, and an intelligent man. Besides all this, he had made colonial politics his study, and knew as much of political life and political movements as any man in the colony. Though, as we have said, he was not a fluent speaker, he occasionally warmed up in the House, and spoke with amazing force and vigor. We can remember several occasions when his feelings were roused, and when he poured forth something like a torrent of indignation bordering on invective. At such times he was a dangerous opponent, and showed that he could " hit hard and straight out from the shoulder." These, however, were but rare displays, and they have been very unfrequent of late years. Whether in the Government or in opposition, Mr. Hart was -regarded as one of the foremost men in South Australia. As a Minister he had the power of attaching members to himself, and of obtaining their support to his measures. Even when opposing him, it was almost impossible to be angry with him. There was such an exuberance of good nature and bonhomie about the man, that he melted down opposition. He had one admirable trait as a Parliamentary leader —he never bore malice. He was angry sometimes with his opponents in the House, and then he told them in no measured words what he thought of them; but outside the House he was genial and cheerful to all. We have already said that Mr. Hart held high offices in several Governments. According to the Blue-Book for 1871, we find he was Treasurer in Mr. Baker's Ministry in 1857; in Mr. Hanson's Ministry from 1857 to 1860; Chief Secretary in Mr. Button's Ministry in 1803 ; Treasurer in Mr. Ayers's Ministry from 1863 to 1864 ; again in Mr. Ayers's Ministry in 1864; in Mr. Blyth's Ministry from 1864 to 1865 ; Chief Secretary in his own Ministry from 1865 to 1866; and again in his own Ministry in 1868 ; and Treasurer and Premier in his own Ministry from 1870 to 1871. With the fall of his Government in 1871 his Ministerial life ended, though he still did service to the colony as a private member of Parliament. For fuller details of his personal and public life we refer our readers to what follows. We need only add that for the eminent services he rendered to the colony, he was permitted to use the title of " Honorable," and had conferred upon him the dignity of a Commander of the Order of St. Michael and St. George. Mr. Hart came here in 1837 from Van Dieman's land, and was unfortunate enough to lose the schooner Isabella. After this, in connection with the South Australian Company, he went to Sydney, purchased a barque there, and was for several years engaged in whaling about our coast. With the various changes in the circumstances of the colony his talents for business were exhibited, and he soon became known as a man who was laying the foundation of a fortune. His energies were net, however, wholly devoted to money-making, for he took part in various -public movements in opposition to the continuance of transportation to then colonies, and in connection with our efforts to obtain some form of Constitutional government. In 1851 the colony received its first instalment of representative government in tho form of a Legislative Council, composed one-third of nominee, of the Crown, and two-thirds elected members. Captain Hart was returned to this House at its first session as member for the District of Victoria; and one of his earliest representative acts was to vote against all State aid to religion. He had previously thought the Government might properly afford some aid towards providing religious instruction in some of the outlying districts ; but perceiving how strong public feeling was upon the matter, he thought it would be a great evil to perpetuate a fruitful source of bitterness and contention, and so took his side with the thoroughgoing voluntaries, and assisted materially to settle finally a question that had been fiercely debated for five years, and had been the turning-point of the first elections. Mr. Hart sat in the first Parliament which was elected under the new Constitution—having been retained on 9th March, 1857—as one of the first members for Port Adelaide. On 23rd August, 1859, his seat was declare- vacant, in accordance with the terms of the Constitution Act, by reason of his nonattendance for two months—Mr. Hart being away from the colony at the time. In May, 1862, a vacancy occurring in the representation of Port Adelaide, Captain Hart was elected, and later in the same year he was re-elected, and sat through the third Parliament. On 1st March, 1865, he Was again re-elected by the constituency of Port Adelaide. On 1st March of the following year Mr. Hart (who was then Chief Secretary) -resigned, and left the colony for England. He next appeared in the political arena of South Australia in 1870, as a candidate for the representation of Port Adelaide, when he was defeated—Messrs. QUin and Hughes being returned. Mr. Hart's defeat was not the action of the electors of Port Adelaide proper, but of the larger constituency on Yorke's Peninsula. Indeed, he was very popular at Port Adelaide—so popular that when the fact that he had been beaten became known he was drawn in a carriage through the streets of Port Adelaide to receive the ovations of the people. Immediately after his defeat at Port Adelaide, Mr. Hart offered his services to the electors of the Burra, and on the 14th of April, 1870, he was returned triumphantly for that district at the head of the poll, and in 1871, when Parliament was dissolved, he was re elected by the same constituency, with whom he was very popular. The South Australian Advertiser Friday 31 January 1873 page 3-4
HESKETH, H (ex Tasmania)
HILL, Joseph, Isabella (wife)
JEFFCOTT, John William 1796 - 12 December 1837 at Murray Mouth
Courtesy of the State Library of South Australia B 464
Sir John William Jeffcott, first Judge in the Supreme Court fof South Australia. He was appointed by His Majesty's Order in Council on 13th July 1836. He was drowned at the Murray Mouth on the 12th December 1837.
FIRST JUDGE OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA, The Honorary Magistrate publishes the following interesting sketch:— The Supreme Court of South Australia was established under Ordinance No. 5 by the Governor, Sir John, Hindmarsh, with the advice and consent of the Legislative Council, on May 31, 1837, in the seventh year of the reign of His Majesty King William the Fourth. Sir JohnWilliamJeffcott, Kt., had previously (on July 13. 1836) been appointed by Letters Patent under the Sign Manual of His Majesty during the Ministry of Lord Melbourne to be the first Judge of the new province. The salary of the Judge was in the discretion of the Lords of the Treasury, and Sir John's was fixed at £500 per annum. The Court was constituted a Court of Record, and had cognisance of all pleas, civil and criminal, and mixed jurisdiction in all cases whatso-ever, as fully and amply in the province and its dependencies as His Majesty's Courts of King's Bench, Common Pleas, and Exchequer at Westminster had in England. It had also the powers of a Court of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery, and the Judge appointed had the like powers as the Judges of the Court of King's Bench, Common Pleas, and Exchequer necessary for carrying into effect the several jursdictions, powers, and authorities committed to the said Supreme Court. The Court was also constituted a Court of Equity and a Court of Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction. Provision was also made for a Court of Appeals (consisting of the Governor and the Council of the province— with the exception of the Advocate-General and Crown Solicitor), which had power and authority to hear appeals from the judgments, decrees, orders, and sentences of the Supreme Court, and to affirm, alter, and reverse any judgment decree, order, and sentence. Appeals to the Privy Council were also reserved by the Act in certain cases. In the new colony it was only natural that a certain amount of lawlessness should prevail, and, in consequence a Session of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery was held on May 13, 1837. On that historic occasion— for it was Sir JohnJeffcott's first Court, and consequently the first Court held in South Australia- Col. Light was the foreman of the Grand Jury, seven prisoners were arraigned on various charges, and several convictions were recorded. In his address to the Grand Jury Sir John uttered these memorable words:— "You are aware that in the neighbouring colonies it has been considered inexpedient to concede the full right of trial by jury. The reasons which have been considered as justifying such a restriction elsewhere do not, however, happily, prevail here, and I feel no slight degree of satisfaction in being able to congratulate the free inhabitants of South Australia, not on being admitted to, but in being able to claim as their birthright, the full and unrestricted privileges of the British Constitution, among which not the least valuable, is that which has justly been styled the palladium of English liberty, trial by jury, and institution which, however it may have been occasionally abused (and no human institution is free from imperfection), has bean proved by the experience of ages, in our native land to have well deserved that appellation. This valuable institution in the fullest sense of the term—that is, trial by the Grand and Petit Jury— will from this day, the first on which a Court is held in this province, be in operation, and I again congratulate you." As the Court was about to rise Col. Light. addressing His Honor, begged, in the names of the Grand Jury, to return him their unanimous thanks for his courtesy and urbanity, and for the admirable manner in which he had discharged his duties, and to express the gratification which they felt, at his arrival among them. Although there is little on record of the earlier events in the life of Sir John Jeffcott, it as reported that prior to his appointment as Judge he was compelled to quit the old country and, to fly to Van Diemen's Land, in consequence of a duel which he fought in the year 1833 and which resulted in the death of his opponent; while at one time he was a member of the Executive Council and a Judge of the Supreme Court, and also held a judicial office in Sierra Leone, on the west coast of Africa. it was but natural that he should take a prominent part in the fierce conflict of opinions which raged on the question of the site for the capital of the new province, and he was a strong advocate for the claims of Encounter Bay as opposed to the opinion of Col.. Light who strongly favoured the locality on which the City of Adelaide now stands, as, in ,his opinion, the tremendous rollers at the entrance to the bay Encounter Bay) would render it comparatively useless. Doubtless other and stronger reasons influenced the gallant colonel, of whom it may be said that time has amply justified the wisdom of his selection, and posterity has done honour to his memory. By a strange irony of fate Sir John Jeffcott. was drowned not far from the very spot he desired for the city. The following are the circumstances leading up to the sad event. Sir John, who was at the time on his way to Van Diemen's Land on public business of an important nature, also to join in matrimony Miss Kermode, to whom he had become engaged during his previous, stay in Tasmania, singularly enough had only a few days before, his death narrowly escaped drowning, in consequence of the ship in which he had taken his passage (the South Australian) being driven from her moorings at the South Australian Company's anchorage and becoming a total wreck. It was while awaiting the arrival of the John Pirie to convey him to Tasmania that he joined the exploring expedition of Messrs. Strangways and Hutchinson, and proceeded in a whaleboat with Capt. Blenkinsopp and a party of four to explore the entrance to the Murray River and the outlet from Lake Alexandrina. They were successful in clearing the inlet; but after proceeding for some distance, the boat was caught in a heavy roller and capsized. Although two of the boatmen reached the shore in an exhausted state, Sir JohnJeffcott, together with Capt. Blenkinsopp and two men, was drowned. The news of the tragedy occasioned a painful sensation among the members of the young community. as Sir John had, during his brief tenure of office, proved himself to be a man of culture as well as a learned and able Judge. A few weeks later Mr. H. Jickling was sworn in as Acting Judge.
The Register Thursday 13 May 1909 page 7
JONES, Henry 1810 -
Son of Thomas JONES Returned to England Came back to Australia in 1841 per 'Siam' Occupation of Merchant, Agent and Stockholder Resided Mt. Barker, Yankalilla and North Adelaide
LOGAN, Richard 1800 - 30 June 1883 at Willunga, SA
Buried Willunga St. Joseph's Catholic Church Cemetery
LOGAN.—On the 30th June, at Willunga, RichardLogan, aged 83. A colonist of 48 years.
The South Australian Advertiser Thursday 05 July 1883 page 4
PFENDER, Johann Michael, Wilhelmina (wife), Dorothea (poss temporarily in Tas)
Publican's Licence in 1851 "Belle Vue" Section 72 Angas Survey Residing in 1859 near Angas Park
Old Hage Home at Dorrien The place has interesting associations. It was at one time owned by Mr. Pfender, a pleasant and cultured old gentleman who had served under Napoleon and bore on his chin the scar of a muskethall wound received in the battle of Waterloo. He knew how to make a good wine, and the young men of Tanunda would often spend an enjoyable Sunday afternoon at his place on this account.