BELL, Joseph 18 January 1809 - 22 August 1879 at Sturt, SA Buried West Terrace Cemetery Road 3 Path 19 E 31 Born London England to Douglas and Sarah Elizabeth BELL nee RHODES Occupations of Carpenter, Cabinetmaker, Undertaker and Farmer Resided at Adelaide, Hamley Bridge, Glenelg and Sturt
Two more of the pioneers of the colony have passed away in the persons of Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Bell. Mrs. Bell died at 5 p.m. on Thursday, August 21, and at noon on Friday Mr. Bell breathed his last in the adjoining room, at the residence of Joseph Bell, jun., J.P., at Hamley Bridge. Strange to say, both were seized with bronchitis a week before, and the complaint was too mach for persons of their age. "Nearly all old colonists will remember Mr. Bell an arriving from Tasmania in the Eudora in December, 1837, and as one of those who endured the hardships of early, colonization. He slept on his carpenter's bench while he erected his house—a weatherboard one —and it was the first or second that was built in Adelaide. At that time a dense forest stood between the west end of Waymouth street, where he fixed his residence and Hindmarah-square—a forest in which he at one time lost his way. In the early part of 1838, having built himself a rough house, he returned to Tasmania and shortly after brought over his family, then consisting of his wife and two sons. Soon after this be entered into partnership with Thomas Bell, to whom, however, he was not in any way related. They for a short time carried on business as builders and undertakers. Upon the dissolution of their partnership he carried on the same business in Gawler-place, where Messrs. Simpson's establishment now stands. He imported the first hearse, and used it for the first time to convey the remains of Colonel Light to Light-square. At that time there were but few drapers' shops in Adelaide, and he has often been heard to relate the difficulty he experienced in getting a supply of gloves and hatbands, having to pay fabulous prices, and to clear every shop in town. About this time he did a great deal of building for the Government, and when tenders were called for the erection of the Adelaide Gaol he tendered; but Messrs. Borrow & Goodier, who were some £2,000 below him, got the contract. When the builders could not get a satisfactory settlement with the Government, the matter was referred to arbitration, and Mr. Bell was appointed umpire. Then came the great commercial depression of 1841, and he retired from business in the city, and began, farming on the Sturt, where he resided for many years. When District Councils were first established he became a member of the Council of Brighton, and was for a time its Chairman. When reaping machines were first coming into note be toot much interest in their improvement, and he made the first implement that worked with the horses in front, all before being pushed by horses, behind them. For the last ten years he has lived a retired life, but enjoyed moderately good health till about six weeks ago, when he had an attack of erysipelas, and though he recovered from that his medical attendant said his constitution was fast breaking up. About a week before their death both he and his wife caught cold, which brought on bronchitis, from which both died within nineteen hours of each other. Their remains were conveyed from Hamley Bridge on Saturday to Adelaide, and placed in the family vault in the West-terrace Cemetery.
Adelaide Observer Saturday 30 August 1879 page 10
BELL nee PATTON, Ann 03 January 1810 - 21 August 1879 at Sturt, SA Daughter of Ann BELL Buried West Terrace Cemetery
BELL, Joseph 30 November 1835 - 13 October 1913
Buried Hamley Bridge, SA Born in Hobart, Tas. Occupations of Farmer, Wehat Agent, Newspaper Correspondent and Undertaker Resided at Kapunda, Manoora and Hamley Bridge
Mr. JosephBell, a very old resident of the town, and who for many years was in Kapunda as wheatbuyer, had a bad stroke on Wednesday last. While walking down the main street he was noticed to stagger and appear ill and was assisted to his home. Dr. Hanrahan was sent for and under his care and attention is now improving. His son, Mr. Gray Bell, who has been away from the town for over 10 years, came home on Thursday, the father and son had not seen each other during this time. [Mr. Bell died on Wednesday.-Ed.]
Kapunda Herald Friday 17 October 1913 page 3
Mr. JosephBell, of Hamley Bridge, died on Monday evening. He was born in Tasmania in November, 1835, and was brought to South Australia by his parents in 1837. In 1851 he, with his father and brother, went to the Victorian gold diggings. They look a dray laden with flour, and a wagon fitted up as a caravan, and drawn by bullocks. These they disposed of to great advantage at the diggings, and the party came back to Adelaide by boat. In the sixties Mr. Bell entered upon farming pursuits at Waterloo. He afterwards engaged in wheatbuying at Kapunda, where he continued till 1871, when he settled at Hamley Bridge as agent for Verco Brothers. The deceased held a similar position until death, although the business changed hands, Verco Brothers having been succeded by Duffield & Co., and they in turn by the Adelaide Milling Company. Mr. Bell was instrumental in establishing the Congregational Church in Hamley Bridge, and held office as a deacon, besides which he was superintendent of the Sunday school. He was greatly respected throughout the district for his unflinching adherence to high principle and for his straight dealing. He left a widow and nine children— Messrs.Walter and Norman Bell(Northern Territory), Frank (Western Australia), Graham (Federated Malay States), and Lindsay (Tailem Bend), Mrs. Cairns (Riverton) Mrs. Tamblyn (Northern Territory), Mrs. P. Watson (Gawler), and Mrs. L. F. Powell (Booleroo Centre).
The Register Thursday 16 October 1913 page 8
BELL, George 1837 - 29 November 1852 Buried West Terrace - location unknown Died aged 15 years
DUTTON, Charles Christian Died 1842 Lake Torrens
Born in England, the son of John DUTTON. Occupation of Pastoralist, residing at Port Lincoln Came from NSW orginally Charles Dutton arrived in South Australia on the Abeona from Hobart in March 1838. He may have gone back to England then returned with his wife Ellen, née White, on the Dorset in January 1839. In Adelaide he was appointed clerk of the Supreme Court, and acted for a time as sheriff. Dutton pioneered and managed a cattle station named "Pillaworta", near Port Lincoln on the Eyre Peninsula, on behalf of pastoralist Charles Driver. In July 1842 he decided to abandon it through fear of the local Aboriginals, either the Nauo or Barngarla people, who were making hostile raids. Having taken his wife and children back to Adelaide by ship, he picked up a scratch team of Graham, Cox, Haldane and Brown (a former Adelaide policeman) to drove his cattle overland to safety near Adelaide. For the first day they had Lieutenant Hugonin of the 96th Regiment of Foot as an armed escort. Setting forth with 250 cattle in the direction of present Port Augusta, Dutton and his associates were never seen again, and no trace was ever found. All indications are that the entire party of five men were killed by Barngala warriors somewhere near present Whyalla.
In previous articles the name of CharlesChristianDutton frequently recurred. He spent five years in Sydney before coming to Adelaide, and then appears to have been a clerk in the Supreme Court. Afterwards he was sheriff from May, 1838, until January, 1839, resigning from that position shortly before the Port Lincoln district was opened up. He was coroner at Port Lincoln from September 25, 1839, to about November 25, 1840, when he was succeeded by B. Pratt Winter. Among other work Dutton under took attorneyship for Charles Smith. He was largely interested in the Port Lincoln Special Survey, being one of the original subscribers, and had one — shall we call it — share, which entitled him to 24, acres of land, of which three acres was in township blocks of half an acre each. He had subsequent transactions, and finally held water frontage No. 145 township blocks Nos. 272, 288, 293, 712, 988, Boston Island' block No. 148 and country section No. 64. Dutton was instrumental in expediting the exploration of the lower end of the Peninsula, for within two or three days of his arrival at Boston Bay, he led a party to Coffin's Bay, Marble Ranges and Tod Valley, passing Mount Gawler and thence back to Port Lincoln. In December of the same year he accompanied Matthew Smith in a trip as far as the Port Lincoln Downs, somewhere north of Pillaworta. By his death he left a widow, one son and two daughters. The widow afterwards married Mr. T. B. Hawson. The son Charles William, at the age of 15 years, on the death of his mother, shouldered the responsibility of educating his two sisters. Charles William married Matilda Jane Swaffer when she was only 17 years of age.
Port Lincoln Times Friday 31 January 1936 page 3 Early Days
RETURN OF THE VOLUNTEER PARTY FROM PORT LINCOLN. IN our last, we regret that we were the unwitting instrument of giving additional currency to the Southern Australian's " fears for the safety of the volunteer party, consisting of the two Messrs Hawker, Mr Peters, and Mr Baker," who went out in search of Mr C.C. Dutton, in company with the first police party under the command of Mr Tolmer. As will be seen from the subjoined extract from the journal of one of these gentlemen, these fears were altogether groundless, the party having arrived in Port Lincoln as soon as could reasonably have been expected. Mr Tolmer left the volunteers on the 22nd of of September, they, at that time, calculating that they should be at Port Lincoln in three weeks, and they arrived on the 12th of Oct, thus making the journey, notwithstanding their privations, within the anticipated period. The Southern Australian's statement, that "they had only six weeks' provision with them, and had been out considerably longer than that, " was consequently altogether incorrect, a circumstance, we trust, which will make our contemporary more cautious in palming off upon us, on slight grounds, rumours so much calculated to excite unnecessary alarm in the minds of friends. Of the conduct of the volunteers, in refer-ence to Mr Tolmer, our contemporary had spoken in a former number as "questionable," but, as far as we can learn, the right horse was not saddled, the " questionable conduct" being on the side of Mr Tolmer, and not on that of the volunteer party, these gentlemen, in all respects, and as the issue has proved, being much more fitted to command, than their apparently too cautious leader. Of the safety of Mr C.C.Dutton, no hopes can now be entertained, Mr Eyre having returned from Port Lincoln, and having seen as little of his tracks as the volunteers themselves. The extract to which we referred above is as follows: -- After Mr Tolmer left us at Separation Creek, we proceeded to the spot called by Mr Eyre the Depot, which we reached on the 24th September, where (Mr Peters's horse having cut his fetlock) we remained three days. On the 28th, we crossed the salt creeks at the head of the Gulf, and encamped at a small swamp which had some muddy water on it— distant about twenty-five miles. On the morning of the 29th, we started early for Baxter's Range, at which place we arrived too late to water the horses. The following morning, we gave each six quarts, being all we could find. Finding Mr Eyre's track about twelve o'clock, we left for Refuge Rocks, from which place we intended to go some distance inland— and if we did not cross Mr Dutton's track, to return and proceed from that place to the sea. We arrived at Refuge Rocks on the second day (1st of October), and found, instead of a spring, enough water for three days only. The horses were so much exhausted, that we were compelled to rest two days. On the third day, we pushed towards the Gawler Ranges, but not finding water, were obliged to return. On the 5th, we proceeded towards Port Lincoln, in the hope that we might find sufficient water to enable us to reach the coast. On the 8th, we reached a creek in the Downs, having plenty of water. From the Depot to the Downs, a distance of 185 miles, the country consists of dense scrub or plains almost without vegetation, and having no appearance of water. On the 9th, and on the morning of the 10th, we followed Mr Dutton's track from the Downs to the sea-coast; the track had been recently ridden over by five persons in the same direction ; there were also very recent tracks of cattle returning—this, with the want of water, induced us to return. We arrived at Port Lincoln on the 12th, and found that Mr Driver and others had been in search of Mr Dutton. As it appears to be impossible, at this season of the year, to get to the spot on which Mr Dutton or his remains must be, on horseback, we have made preparations for continuing the search in a whale boat. Port Lincoln, Oct., 18th, 1842.
South Australian Register Saturday 05 November 1842 page 2
ESPIE, George Died 26 June 1869 at Adelaide, SA
ESPIE -On 26th June, 1869, at his son's residence, Adelaide, Mr. GeorgeEspie, 82 years of age. The deceased was an old colonist, having arrived in Hobart Town in 1820.
On Saturday Mr. Espie, a very old, Australian colonist died at the advanced age of 81 years, at his son's residence in Adelaide. He had been in these colonies 49 years, and 31 years ago settled in South Australia.
Buried West Terrace Cemetery Road 1 South Path 20 W 10
GURNETT / GARNETT / GARRETT, Thomas
HAWSON, Family It appears that Henry was owner of the 'Abeona' and the other family members may have migrated to South Australia in 1837 on one of the trips of the ship, as reported in obituaries and death notices.
HAWSON, Henry 1792 - 24 July 1849 at Port Lincoln, SA
Born Dartmouth, Devonshire, England Son of Gregory and Mary HAWSON nee TAPLEY Occupation of Merchant, Pastoralist, Farmer and Ship Owner Resided Adelaide, Port Lincoln and Coffin Bay
So many readers seem to be interested in the pioneers on Eyre Peninsula that I think they will enjoy this story of one of the early families, the Hawsons, as taken mainly from the Archives by Mr. G. C. Morphett of the Pioneers' Association. Many people who have lived over this way will remember one or other of the descendants of the original settler, Henry Hawson, who was born in Devonshire in 1792. The first two of his 13 children were born in England before he migrated to Newfound land, where the next ten children were born, but depression hit the family there, so in 1834 the whole family embarked on the Abeona, a 100 ton brig which Henry Hawson owned, and of which his eldest son, Henry Cowell Hawson, was the captain. In seeking fresh fields they landed at Rio de Janiero, where they stayed some time, and then called next at the Cape of Good Hope, but a rising of the Kaffirs, which was thought to be serious, decided them to continue the trip to Western Australia. Here the youngest child was born. They lived in Albany, and the Abeona was engaged in trading as far as Timor, and also right around the south coast of Australia and to Tasmania. It was on these travels that Captain Hawson decided that Adelaide was "infinitely superior in point of soil, climate and general capabilities to all other parts of Autralia,'' so he transported his family to South Australia, and they settled finally at Port Lincoln in 1839. At this time much interest was shown in Port Lincoln and its harbor, which was thought to offer possibilities for a settlement to outrival Adelaide, so Henry Hawson, with one Charles Smith, promoted a 'syndicate of 42 members to apply for a special survey of 4,000 acres from the centre of Boston Bay. The survey was granted, and the surveyor engaged to lay out the township was B. Pratt Winter, after whom the hill behind Port Lincoln was named. Also in the party was Robert Tod whose name is very well known now to residents over a great part of Eyre Peninsula through the extensive water system. Henry Hawson erected a house at Kirton Point and established a pastoral holding at Little Swamp, where two of his sons lived in a hut. The one 12 years of age, Francis, was fatally speared here by the aborigines in 1840, and was buried near the Hawson home in Port Lincoln, but it was later discovered that the grave was on a public road, so 70 years later his remains were removed to the monument which now dominates the point. Many readers will have read the inscription on the monument giving the details of his death, and ending 'Although only a lad, he died a hero.' The story of the spearing shows how brave he was. After this tragedy the family moved out to , Little Swamp, where Henry Hawson built a two-storey house named Towalla, which is still in good repair with all its cedar fittings transported originally in the Abeona. Henry Hawson himself died as the result of an accident in 1849, but his name was honored by his descendants. Mr. Morphett, who says that the Somerville Collection in the Archives was found very useful in compiling his story of the Hawson family, and who recommends it to anyone making a research into Eyre Peninsula history, gives a detailed account of what happened to each one of the 13 children. Two other sons of Henry Hawson, both unmarried, settled at Polda, to the north-west of Port Lincoln, and two of the sisters kept house for them. The property passed to a nephew, Gregory, and at the time when Mr. Morphett prepared this history a couple of years ago. his son Arthur owned the property. Four of the daughters of the original Hawson family, by the way, remained unmarried.
Chronicle Thursday 10 June 1948 page 27
HAWSON, Elizabeth Emlyn nee COWELL 1795 - 29 September 1875
HAWSON, Henry Cowell 26 October 1814 - 20 December 1882 at Payneham, SA
Buried North Road Cemetery Born Darmouth, Devonshire, England Occupations of Master Mariner, Postmaster, Pastoralist and Habour Master Resided Adelaide, Port Lincoln, Point Brown and Magill
Captain Henry Hawson, the eldest son, who had eleven children, accompanied Tod's expedition to the north, dicovering the Tod River, Mount Gawler and Cowan Vale, and he also joined C. C. Dutton's party to the south, discovering. Mount Dutton, and Hawson (now Marble) Range. He also took part in other expeditions and was one of the party which accompanied Darke to Wedge Hill. Incidentally, he is credited with bringing the first sheep and cattle to Eyre Peninsula, and he was one of the pioneer pastoralists, leasing some 300 square miles, known as Point Brown, in the Streaky Bay district.
The Chronicle Thursday 10 June 1948 page 27
HAWSON, Elizabeh 1817 - 1902
HAWSON, Edward Cowell 25 August 1819 - 1850 Born St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada Resided in Adelaide and Little Swamp Left for Tasmania c 1844
HAWSON, Thomas Bond 29 December 1820 - 01 September 1907 at Lake Wangary, SA
Born St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada Buried Port Lincoln, SA Occupations of Farmer, Stockholder and Publican Resided at Lanke Wangary, Port Lincoln, Towalla and Adelaide
Referring to the death of Mr. T. B. Hawson, of Lake Wangary, the first white settler of Port Lincoln, our local correspondent that the deceased gentleman was born in 1821 in Newfoundland, which he left in the brigantjine Aboena for Australia in 1834. After an adventurous voyage he reached Sydney. In 1837 the family landed at Port Adelaide, and two years later left Holdfast Bay for Port Lincoln. On arrival at the bay a boat was lowered to bring the people ashore, and as it neared the beach an elder brother threw T. B. ashore, so that he was the first white person to land there. Mr. Hawson had encounters "with the natives in later years. He was 86 years of age, and there are numerous descendants.
Observer Saturday 21 September 1907 page 40
HAWSON, Jane Jodrell 1822 - 1839
Married Henry J SMITH - magistrate.
The fifth child of Henry Hawson, Jane, married Henry James Smith, who followed pastoral pursuits from his residence near Towalla, and about 1862 purchased Big Swamp. His name is in the records of 1856 as 'holding the lease of 12 square miles at Lake Wangary at a rental of £6 per annum.' One of his sons, Matthew, is mentioned in John Lewis's book, 'Fought and Won.'' While mustering at Mickera Station, Matthew broke his leg, which was set by Dr. Steadman, who was brought by John Lewis from Little Swamp. He recovered after careful nursing by the Tolmers, who were at Mickera, but always had a limp afterwards.
Chronicle Thursday 10 June 1948 page 27
No account of the early days of Port Lincoln would be complete without reference to the Hawson family. Mr. Henry Hawson owned one of the first ships to enter Boston Bay, the brigatine Abeona. It was in charge of Capt. Henry Hawson, whose brother, Francis Tapley Hawson, was speared by blacks. The Abeona, of 100 tons, had left Newfoundland in 1834, arriving here two years later. With Capt. Hawson were several members of the family. The vessel afterward traded between Timor and Western Australia, carrying the first horses to Fremantle. Trade was then conducted between Sydney, Hobart, and Mauritius. From Hobart the first sheep and cattle were brought to Eyre's Peninsula by Capt. Hawson. The family settled here in 1839, and a house, the ruins, of which can be seen, today, was built at Kirton Point. Shortly afterward they took up land at little Swamp, being the first to adopt methods of cultivation. The implements, were crude and primitive, the ploughs having no wheels. There are many descendants of Mr. Henry Hawson in Port Lincoln and district, and in other Smith, of Weeroona, at the corner of Cheltenham and Rugby street, Malvern, and his two sisters, Misses Jane Isabella and Margaret Amelia Smith. Three of these are Mr. Henry HAWSON. Henry J. Smith, a magistrate In Port Lincoln, married Jane Jodrell Hawson, the second daughter of Mr. Henry Hawson. Mr. Henry Smith's father, Mr. Matthew Smith, was the first special magistrate in Port Lincoln, and was one of the first barristers to practise in Adelaide, upon his retirement from the Bench here. The Smith family left Port Lincoln in 1873. when Mr. Henry J. Smith was appointed magistrate at Port Augusta. After spending three years there he was transferred to Naracoorte, where he died. In the possession of Mr. Henry Hewson Smith and his sister are several sketches of Port Lincoln in the late 'thirties and early 'forties, executed before the introduction of photography. One or two are the work of Sir. John Howard Angas.
Port Lincoln Times Friday 07 February 1930 page 13
HAWSON, Gregory 08 September 1823 - 07 September 1885 at Enfield, SA
Born St. Johns, Newfoundland, Canada Buried North Road Cemetery Occupations of Landholder and Station Owner residing at Adelaide and Enfield.
HAWSON.—On the 7th September, at his residence, Evereley, Enfield. GregoryHawson,in the 62nd year of his age. THE FUNERAL of the late GREGORYHAWSON, Esq., will leave his late residence, Eversley, Enfield, on WEDNESDAY morning, at 12 o'clock, for the North-road Cemetery. GEO. DOWNS & SON, Undertakers.
HAWSON, Mary Frances 1825 - 1873 Married DRIVER Married STOCKS
HAWSON, Mary Ann 1827 - 06 August 1898 HAWSON.—On the 6th August, at her residence, Eversley, Enfield, Mary Anne, fourth daughter of the late Henry Hawson, of Port Lincoln. Arrived in the ship Abeona, 1637.
Evening Journal Monday 08 August 1898 page 2
HAWSON, Francis Tapley 1828 - 1840 Saturday, October 5, will be the centenary of the spearing by natives of Francis Tapley Hawson. The behavior of this 10 year-old-boy in protecting his father's property, of which he was in charge, and his fortitude from the time he was speared until his death a day or so later, excited admiration of those who knew Frank. The tale has been told in the schools of South Australia and most children know of the early tragedy. Mr. J.D. Somerville in his records of Eyre Peninsula (Port Lincoln Times' of November 22, 1935), has told all that is recorded of the event. The boy was the son of Henry Hawson who arrived in Port Lincoln with his wife and family in the Abeona. There were 13 children. The family lived at Kirton Point, except two boys Frank and Ed., who were living in a hut near the Little Swamp in charge, of sheep for their father. Dr. Harvey, who attended to Frank after the tragedy, gave the following account : -- ' Yesterday morning, October 6, I was called about 2 o'clock to attend Mr. Hawson's son who had just arrived from the bush, where Mr. Hawson has a sheep station. He had been speared by the natives'. I found him with two spears in the chest, both of which he said were barbed, and one of which had passed through to the back. I, of course, saw that death would instantly follow the withdrawal of them. I thought it better to request the attendance of the surgeon of the ship L'Algae, which was lying in the bay. He was of the same opinion, and we were under the painful necessity of allowing him to die a lingering but not painful death in preference to a hasty but violent one. ' The poor boy has borne this heavy affliction with the greatest fortitude, assuring us that he was not afraid to die. 'He says that on Monday (5th), he ,was left at the station while his brother came to town and that about 10 o'clock a party of ten or eleven natives surrounded the hut and asked for something to eat. He gave them bread and rice— all he had. They then endeavored to force themselves into the hut and he went out and fastened the door. He took a gun at his side and a sword in his hand, which he held up for the purpose of frightening them. He did not make any signs of using them. One of the children gave him a spear to throw, and while in the act of throwing it he received the two spears in his Chest. He did not fall but took up the gun and shot one native who fell, but got up again and ran away. They all fled, but returned and showed signs of throwing another spear. When he lifted the gun again they all made off. 'He remained with the two spears, 7 feet- long, sticking in his breast. He tried to cut, or saw them off, but failed. He also tried to walk home but could not. He sat down and put the ends of the spears in the fire to burn them off, and in this position was found by his brother, Edward at 10 o'clock at night: He had then been speared, for eleven hours. Edward sawed off the spears and placed him on horseback, and brought him to their home in the township.' The body of Frank was interred near the home on Kirton Point. Some 20 years ago the grave was located and the remains were placed in a new casket and buried in the centre of Hawson place and a monument placed over the grave. No natives were punished. Frank recognised some of the natives, but could not say which threw the spears. Mr. E. J. Eyre, who arrived in Port Lincoln on October 2, was camped at the time about a mile and a half from the hut where the murder was committed. He tells that the natives immediately disappeared from the vicinity and were not seen again for some time.
Port Lincoln Times Thursday 26 September 1940 page 5
HAWSON, Margaret 1830 - 1911
HAWSON, George 26 February 1832 - 30 October 1901 at Enfield, SA
Born St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada Buried North Road, Cemetery Occupation of Land Holder, residing at Adelaide, Port Lincoln, Polda and Enfield
Mr. George Hawson, who died at his residence, Enfield, on Wednesday last, at the age of 69, was an old colonist. He was born in Newfoundland, and his father, the late Mr. Henry Hawson, was a seafaring man, and the owner of the schooner Abeona. The family left Newfoundland in the Abeona, and came to South Australia in 1837.'Mr. Hawson subsequently gave up the charge of the boat in favor of his son, who traded on the coast for some years. Afterwards the family went to the Port Lincoln district, and engaged in sheep farming. Mr. George Hawson went to the Victorian diggings in 1856; and returning to Port Lincoln twelve months afterwards, continued to live there until ten years ago. The deceased took a deep interest in turf matters while at Port Lincoln, and trained and rode his own horses. In hie early days he encountered great hardships. On one occasion he was out with a younger brother aged 12 looking after sheep. He left his brother in charge while he returned to the station to procure rations, and was horrified upon his return, to find his brother with the remains of two spears in his chest, the work of blacks. The boy exhibited remarkable courage for his years. After the blacks had speared him, he lit a fire and burnt the spears to within a few inches of his body, but after a week's suffering he died. Mr. Hawson was unmarried.
Chronicle Saturday 09 November 1901 page 38
HAWSON, Isabella 1834 - 1860 Married LAWRENCE
HAWSON, Emilia Figurado 1836 - 29 May 1911
HAWSON.-On the 29th May, at Estcourt, Mitcham, Emilia Figurado, youngest daughter of the late Henry Hawson, of Towalla, Port Lincoln, Aged 74 years. Arrived in the ship Abeona, 1837.
The Register Wednesday 31 May 1911 page 6
The death of Miss Emilia Figurado Hawson, which occurred at West Mitcham on Monday, recalls some of the struggles of the pioneering days. The deceased was one of the earliest settlers, and with her sisters, Miss Margaret Hawson and Mrs. Isabella Lawrence, and her brother-in-law, Mr. Lawrence, figured in the initial steps taken towards opening up the West Coast. The last residence of the deceased was at Estcourt, West Mitcham, where on Wednesday a representative of The Register saw the other persons named and gleaned interesting details of the family history. The ladies are daughters of the the late Mr. Henry Hawson, of Towalla, Port Lincoln. Their father, a man of independent means, came to Australia in 1837 in his own ship, the Abeona. He cruised around the coast, inspected Perth, Adelaide, Sydney, and other ports, and finally—having believed in the opinion of the day that Port Lincoln, with its large and beautiful land-locked harbour, was destined to be the capital of South Australia—settled on the west coast, and bought a large area for a cattle run. The family consisted of the husband and wife, six sons and seven daughters. They had not long been at Port Lincoln when a tragedy occurred which brought gloom on the little community. One of the sons, Frank, aged 12 years, was visiting a station nine miles out of Port Lincoln, and remained there while his father went into the township. .On the latter's return the lad was found lying near to a hut, with two native spears in his body. These he had endeavoured vainly to extract, and finally had lighted a fire and tried to burn the ends off, so that he might ride to the township. He was taken to the township for medical attention, but did not long survive his wounds. The lad's story was that aborigines had appeared begging for food, which he had supplied. They became more insistent and aggressive, and he armed himself with a dagger and a gun leaded with slugs. Then their attitude was changed, and they coaxed the lad to let them show him how their boys held and threw their spears. So soon as he put his gun down to hold one of their weapons they rushed upon him and speared him several times. The lad managed to regain hold of his rifle and shot one of the blacks in the hand, upon which they decamped. The aborigines who threw the spears were brought to the dying boy's bedside, for identification, but he said he did not want them to be punished. Only a few weeks ago the remains of young Hawson were removed from the little grave near to the ruins of the Hawson's former residence at Kirton Point, and placed under a memorial erected by public contribution in Port Lincoln. —Two Lady Pioneers.-- Miss Margaret Hawson, who now lives at "Estcourt", Mitcham, is 81 years of age, and her sister, Mrs. Lawrence, is 77 years old. These are the sole survivors of the family. The sister who has just died was 74 years of age. The two ladies first mentioned remember that when they arrived at Holdfast Bay in 1837, the people on another ship called out to them, "King William IV. is dead and Princess Victoria is Queen." The family lived in Currie street, Adelaide, for two years before going to Port Lincoln. Their father took up first the Coffin's Bay Run (now Mr Mortlock's) and afterwards Towalla and Polda, which were afterwards held by their brothers, Mssrs. Gregory and George Hawson. "We used to grow the best grapes I have ever seen at Port Lincoln", said Mrs. Lawrence "and my mother made splendid wine from them. I believe the west coast would be a fine district for vineyeards. Father was very particular to keep a diary in which he recorded every event of any importance. I don't know what has become of it, but if it could be found it would no doubt give much valuable information about the early settlement on the west coast." The ladies said that in their youth they were dreadfully frightened of the blacks, who were at all tines numerous and treacherous. After more than half a century in the Port Lincoln district, Miss Hawson and Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence removed to Enfield, where they lived for more than a dozen years until 1906 they settled at Mitcham. At Enfield the now deceased sister was an active worker in the local Anglican Church and Sunday School.
Evening Journal Thursday 01 June 1911 page 2
RHODES, Peter, Matilda BROWN, James
RHODES, Peter 02 March 1802 - 24 January 1851 at Hindmarsh, SA
Born Leeds, Yorkshire, England Occupations of Labourer, Carrier and Teamster Resided Adelaide, Hindmarsh and Bowden
Mr Bonney held an inquest at Hindmarsh, on Friday, on the body of PeterRhodes, who died suddenly the same morning. It appeared from the statement of his wife that he had been ill for a long while, and suffered from having been shot some time ago in the chest. He went to bed the evening before in his ordinary state of health, but about daylight fell out, and did not recover his senses. The jury after hearing the evidence of Dr Scammell, returned a verdict of " natural death."
South Australian 28 January 1851 Page 2
RHODES, Matilda nee BROWN Daughter of William BROWN Remarried to H WRIGHT after the death of her husband
RHODES, James 1836 - 1923 Mr. JamesRhodes, of Hindmarsh, who died on Tuesday, at the age of 87, was born at Hobart, Tasmania. A year later, in company with his parents, he came to South Australia. He was the last of the six foundation members of the Star of Freedom Tent, Rechabites. For over 50 years he was a trustee (and Chairman for a long period) of the. lodge. He was also a Past- District Chief Ruler of the South Australian District, I.O.R., and a trustee for some time. In his earlier days Mr. Rhodes was a prominent worker in the Hindmarsh Oddfellows Lodge, M.U. His connection with the Hindmarsh Building Society as a director, extended over meany years, and he was Chairman for a considerable time. He had been a member of the Hindmarsh Bowling Club since its inception. Mrs. Rhodes died 16 years ago. The family consists of Mr. W. J. Rhodes (Hindmarsh), Mrs. C. Plenty (Bowden), and Miss H. Rhodes (Hindmarsh).
The Register Thursday 29 November 1923 page 12
SEDREY / SIDNEY, John, wife, 2 ch
Born Cupar, Fireshire, Scotland Son of Thomas SHEPHERD Occupation of Draper and Storekeeper residing at Adleiade and Black Hill